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Getcatcrazy is passionate about cats therefore we bring as much information to you to help you make a good decision when it comes to the health of your pet.

From experience knowing what to do often saves on expensive pet bills by keeping your pet healthy and happy.

Getcatcrazy Youtube channel has quick videos to help with pet concerns linking back to these blogs, do comment and recommend if you find this helpful and subscribe to our channel. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCfGGoWzYGv_ALjgnyu1hljg

 

Aging cats

I felt I should write about this, since I have so many cats, when cats get older, they are dumped and left to die.

However, with a bit of know how they generally live healthy lives and are not much trouble although just like us with age things do go wrong.

With the effects of aging cats can suffer a decline in functioning properly this is referred to as cognitive dysfunction or FCD this affects more than 55% of cats aged 11 to 15 years or older.

Functions like memory awareness sight and hearing can be affected this deterioration can cause disturbances in cats, sleeping patterns they can become disorientated, and their activity reduced they can become forgetful and could also be suffering with pain although because of survival instinct it is hard to tell with cats.

Some of the problems will be not using the litter box doing outside of the box, unable to recognize familiar people and pets, get lost in familiar locations wanders around aimlessly, stares or fixates on objects or simple stare, not able to navigate around or over furniture and obstacles becomes over dependent and clingy and not active, eats less and not groom themselves. Can become restless or agitated and vocalizes more and in an urgent tone, becomes irritable.

Just like us humans’ cats can suffer if not cared for properly a lot of foods will contain more wheat than protein and cats need their teeth looked after.

Depending on what has happened in the cat’s life they can develop certain cancers in later years like tumours this can have an knock on affect, causing thyroid dysfunction, cancer, impaired sight or hearing and even arthritis this can be treated if you know the symptoms however making sure the cats have a good diet and their teeth cleaned helps with preventing a lot of the age issues.

With some issues and the aging of the brain can be challenging they will behave very unfavourably you may need to consider anti-anxiety medication.

Like soiling and peeing in areas they should not, and become aggressive, understanding your cat and giving them the right supplement or vitamin can help in other blogs on getcatcrazy.website you can find the solution to most issues with cat’s health and know what to do.

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All about Cats Tail

A cat’s tail is a communication tool to you and other animals through body language and in fact is one of the most important parts of the body. If you understand tail talk then you can at a glance understand how your cat is feeling with just a glance.

Balancing tool; this acts as a counterweight when walking along narrow surfaces, like tops of furniture and fences, making sharp turns, playing and pursuing prey.

So, What Happens when a major injury occurs?

Even though the spinal cord does not extend all the way to the cat tail and injury can still cause serious nerve damage. Where the spinal cord ends the nerves that help to control and provide sensation to the tail, hind legs, bladder, large intestine through to the back passage which extends outward without the protection of the spine’s bones.  

Therefore, pulling on a cat’s tail can cause serious nerve damage in some cases will cause chronic pain and can affect their walking and balancing.

How to Read a Cats Tail?

A lot can be read by understanding the tail and what mood your cat is in.

Position High: Tail high in the air as she moves about her territory, she is expressing confidence and contentment is also a sign of happiness and a willingness to be friendly a twitch could mean a happy moment.

Position Low:  A tail in a straight down position can signal aggression a lower tail is a very serious mood. If the breed is a Persian or of a breed with low tail, then there is no reason.

Puffed Up:  A tail resembling a pipe position reflects severely agitated and frightened a feeling of danger holding their ground.

Question Mark: Playful cat wanting to play and have fun

Tucked Away: Tail curved beneath the body may signal fear or submission something is making your cat nervous.

Whipping Tail:  Tail slaps back and forth rapidly this is anger, fear and aggression leave me alone

 Swishing Tail:  A tail that sways slow from side to side means the cat is focused on an object, ready to act.

Wrapped around Cat Tail:  This conveys friendship and being content, happy and comfortable  

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All about Tree Bark how does this help your Animal

So why tree bark? It is well known that the power of antioxidants improves health, pine bark extract like pine oil is one of nature’s super antioxidants. It is the pine bark extract is a powerful ingredient because the super antioxidant is loaded with oligomeric, proanthocyanidin compounds in short known as opcs. Tree bark is a short way beneath the outer surface of a tree’s trunk and branches, there is a layer called the cambium. With each growing season the cambium adds a new layer of cells to the xylem which it surrounds and protects the tree.

The same ingredient can be found in grape seeds, the skin of peanuts and witch hazel bark opcs is known for their antioxidant producing benefits, these amazing compounds exude antibacterial, antiviral, anticarcinogenic, anti- aging, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties.

So, what are some of the benefits? Reduce muscle soreness improve poor circulation, high blood pressure, osteoarthritis, diabetes, skin, eye disease, help with natural ear infection, stimulates bile flow, acts as a gentle laxative, promotes effective digestion of fats, corrects excessive discharge of mucus into the gastro intestinal tract, helps with jaundice, pancreatic disease, improves liver enlargement, helps with nausea, relieves constipation, diabetes, improves appetite, acts as diuretic and benefits kidneys, reduces mild fevers.

This can also be used in conjunction with other medication use proven products that are designed for animals.

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A History & Lesson of Unique Cat Breeds

 

While many of our cats are mixed breeds or typical domestic short hairs, it is fun to see the learn the history, traits, and behaviours of unique full breed cats.  Here are a few I’ve learned about. Understand that most full breeds will live shorter life spans.

Maine Coon Cat

  • These cats were popular ship cats to New England. This is a large, domesticated cat breed, it has distinctive physical appearance it is one of the oldest natural breeds in North America.
  • They are affectionate want to play and hang out, they are a loving family pet. This breed is known to grow as large as 40 inches in length and grows to 10-16 inches tall they have muscular bodies and wide chests and solid legs. The fur in the Main Coon’s coat will make them look even bigger.
  • They have large, pointed ears often topped with wisps of hair, expressive oval shaped eyes, and a long busy tail.
  • They are incredibly intelligent, fun loving and playful.
  • They get on well with children, other cats, and dogs. If regularly left alone they can become anxious and sad--they need company.
  • They love to play in water.

 Norwegian Forest Cat

This breed of cat originated from Northern Europe.  The natural breed is adapted to very cold climate with a topcoat of glossy, long, water shedding hair and a woolly undercoat for insulation is native to Norway. History going back hundreds and thousands of years shows this cat is in fairy tales and legends like Norse Goddess Freya’s Chariot which is pulled by six giant cats. For centuries, they were known as Skogcatt, a Norwegian word that translates to Forest Cat. They are known for being a mouser to farmers and housewives in exchange for shelter in barns and staples. They luckily survived through wars.  

  • They can weigh 13 to 22 pounds or more they keep on growing until 5 years of age. Norwegian Forest Cats are gentle and friendly, but they demand constant attention and petting. Their meows are quiet and will seek attention when ignored.  
  • As good climbers, they will often be at the highest point they can find.
  • Their coat is waterproof because they like fishing for their meal! But their coat needs brushing or combing once or twice a week with a bristle brush or stainless-steel comb.
  • They are noticeable for their long thick beautiful coat and large size.
  • Their head is shaped as an inverted triangle shape, pointed at the chin and then widening on each side up toward the medium to large ears which are heavily tufted.
  • Large, almond shaped eyes are either green, gold or copper although some may have blue eyes/
  • Their long body looks powerful, with broad chest and heavily muscled thighs. Large round paws have tufts or fur between the toes and bushy tail to the length of the cat’s body.
  • Gets on well with children, dogs.

 

Sphynx Cat

This is a breed of cat known for its lack of fur. Hairlessness in cats is a naturally occurring genetic mutation which was developed through selective breeding of these animals started in the 1960’s but this breed is still extremely popular. These kittens are known for their delightful personalities and adorable appearance, but they require special care and consideration.  

 

  • They are more demanding than their furry counterparts. These cats have big personalities, attention seeking, they are very vocal.

 

  • You must provide a high quality of food, because food affects the amount of oil that a Sphynx’s skin produces. The better the food the less oil and if the diet is not quality, then oils accumulate more quickly and can lead to skin problems, ear wax and infections.

 

  • With no fur they can leave grease spots on the areas they frequently visit and need occasional baths to remove grime and dirt. Choose gentle cat shampoos, like coconut oil, Oatmeal and Aloe dog and cat shampoo. When bathing a Sphynx, it is important to dry them off quickly with a soft warm towel to prevent their skin getting chapped. You also do not want to bath too often because that will dry out their skin.

 

  • Keep their ears clean and remove excess wax.

 

  • Pay attention to their kitty’s paws as grime can accumulate between toes and cause infections.

 

  • These cats are prone to health problems, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy a condition in which the heart muscle becomes abnormally thick considering a Sphynx you should have the cat screened for heart issues also prone to terrible teeth so teeth cleaning is a must.

 

  • These cats need protection from cold weather and the sun.

 Turkish Angora Cat

The Turkish Angora Cat is a breed from Turkish Angoras one of the ancient natural breeds of cat who originated in Central Turkey, in the Ankara region as documented as far back as the 17th century. Sometimes referred to as simply the Angora or Ankara as they are a soft, visually magnetic and long-haired.  

  • They carry themselves with grace and come in a wide variety of colours.
  • Their heads are small and round, with wide set ears and large almond shaped eyes that come in amber, green, blue.
  • They are highly intelligent and are incredibly social and they develop strong bonds and like a variety of toys to keep them entertained.
  • They like high places.
  • They can be deaf and may be louder than other cats they will exhibit a lot of stress behaviours if left alone.
  • Their long silky coats have no undercoat which makes grooming easy they need brushing once or twice a week. Keep an eye on their eyes and ears should remove any build up.
  • My next blog will review 4 more exotic full breed cats. Stay tuned!

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Aggression in Cats

Living with many cats because of dumping has proven to be challenging, it has also taught me a lot about behaviour in cats and aggression, cats have different types of meows to try and communicate with us and when health problems arise, they sometimes attack and may have a deep growl meow.

Very difficult to know if your cat is in pain, when cats fight, abscess can occur and depending on the wound to how this can affect your cat’s health. If a cat has been ill-treated before the memories will hold and they will react to other animals this can also cause cancer and diseases since the aggression in the cat is very strong, they have five weapons their teeth and all four clawed paws and of course sole weapon of their mouth and sharp teeth, bites can inflict severe lacerations which are painful and can become infected.

Aggression is when a cat’s behaviour towards animals and people is of aggressive nature and attack, some animals are so insecure they favour a member of the family and become very territorial attacking others, this is difficult when on own with cat give as much attention and slowly introduce others to assure the cat that there is no danger of them losing the attention and love of their chosen person.

Understanding Cat Body Language is essential it helps with being more prepared, body language is made of body parts like ears, tail, and whiskers their language is subtler than a dog. What are the signs?

A stiff, straight legged upright stance, curved back fur standing up stiffened rear legs, tail is stiff or thrown around rapidly, direct glare upright ears, piloerection hackles up including fur on the tail, constricted pupils, growling, howling, yowling hissing. Crouching, Head tucked in, Tail curved around the body, flattened ears, walking sideways.

Aggressive Aggression: Swatting, striking with paws, biting, fighting, growling, shrieking, scratching.

Some of the reasons that can cause this behaviour is when the animal is protecting their territory when threatened.

Other reasons such as hyperthyroidism, epilepsy, abscesses, arthritis, dental disease, rabies, trauma, sensory decline or cognitive dysfunction in older cats.

Understanding your cat with combing and general checks and caring for a cat a lot of the diseases and behavioural problems can be reduced or limited with understanding what the cause is, and the treatment needed.  Cat fights within many cats need to be avoided sometimes separating them and giving them room can help.

Cats are very territorial therefore making sure there is plenty of bedding food and water and several bowls also attention given is very important some cats are loners and are best with one person.

Valerian can help with calming a cat that is stressed and some plug-in products and oils can help.

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All About Your Cats Whiskers

Whiskers are known as vibrissae and tactile hairs they have several functions and are highly sensitive they are thicker than normal hair they are really touch receptors that are rooted more deeply than normal hairs and are rich in nerve endings and feelings.

Whiskers have many functions like navigation and are sensitive they aid a cat and can detect changes in air currents they help a cat navigate in dark environment this helps them feel for objects avoiding walking into things also helps them detect prey like mice and birds.

Cats can slide through small openings because their whiskers are about the same as the cat’s body width if they can poke their head through then their body should fit, with a fat cat this can be inaccurate. On the muzzle there are four rows of whiskers on each side. The top two rows can move independently from the bottom two rows.

Whiskers are the cats eye protection help them when hunting in grass or busy areas they trigger a protective eye blink if there is a branch or some brush that might get in the way.

It is normal for a cat to lose whiskers like cat fur feline whiskers continuously grow, fall out and get replaced with new ones all cats possess 12 whiskers on each side for a total of 24 technically called vibrissae the whiskers are very sensitive and can do everything from gauging wind direction detecting movement under extreme low light conditions, helping them focus on their target.

Never put your cat at risk by cutting very sensitive whiskers this are to protect the cat and give them balance.

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Allergies to Cat’s

Unfortunately, young children and adults that are allergic to cats will have the first thought of getting rid of their pet, it is dander which is not just fur, flakes of skin which trigger allergies. Dander could be present in urine and saliva this is what causes symptoms of sneezing, watery eyes, runny nose, congestion, reddening of eyes, swelling and itchy skin. The primary cause of allergies to cats is a glycoprotein known as Fel D, which is produced by the sebaceous glands under the skin and to a lesser degree is present in cat’s saliva.

When you have allergies, your body treats those specific allergens as harmful substances even though they are not, attack them using antibodies. In this case, the antibodies produce is histamines.

A cat is constantly shedding minute particles of dander sin flakes into the environment when they groom, they transfer saliva on to the coat, which is then shed around the home producing allergies to those susceptible.

Synthetic antihistamines can provide relief to side effects, as well as natural alternatives like quercetin, butterbur, essential oils, probiotics, apple cider vinegar and saline rinse using neti pot.

People that are allergic to cats can build up their tolerance to cats, you can live with a cat if you are allergic, some have mild symptom and can be treated with over-the-counter medicines.

So, what can be done?

As with any pet, always keep the home clean, clean trays, vacuumed and carpet clean with pet vacuums and cleaners to get up any loose skin, fur and hair, always keep the beds clean and fresh so flea eggs do not get a hold, wash your pet and brush and comb to get rid of loose fur and condition their skin. Some herbal remedies can also help.

Drink nettle tea

 

Homeopathic Remedies

7 Natural Home Remedies for Cat and Dog Allergies

  1. Get rid of plastic food dishes. ...
  2. Do not use tea tree oil to treat skin conditions in pets. ...
  3. Get creative with treats. ...
  4. Add a complete oil to your pet's diet. ...
  5. Soothe itchy skin with an oatmeal soak. ...
  6. Wipe allergens off of your itchy dog. ...
  7. Treat hot spots with equal parts Listerine, baby oil and water.

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Anal Glands Problems in Cats and Dogs

Anal gland problems affect millions of pets and is very common, this is where the glands of dogs and cats become overfilled, blocked, or irritated, all dogs and cats have two small glands which are referred as anal sacs near the anal opening, they are the size of a small grape normally.

What are the Symptoms?

Your pet may scoot their rear end across the floor, this could include a fishy or foul odour, excessive licking of the rear end, discomfort while walking or sitting, straining to defecate, redness swelling near the rear end. One of the symptoms with cats is defecating outside the litter box and runny poo.

So, what are the causes of Anal Gland Problems?

Can be poor gastrointestinal health, for anal glands to empty properly they need firm and healthy stools to create pressure on the glands as they pass over them, if soft is very difficult for glands to empty properly. Allergies can also be a cause; with cats this can be the need for worming.

Probiotics are healthy microbes that, when living in your dog’s gut, can covert fiber and plant-based sugars into vitamins and fatty acids that improve your dog’s biochemistry. Probiotics can also help fight off respiratory tract and urogenital infections.

There are bugs in the gut that from a diverse ecosystem of friendly bacteria that must be in balance for your pet to achieve optimum health. Collection of genomes from all the microorganisms in the gut environment, this includes bacteria, virus, and fungus. Good bacteria, prebiotics, probiotics and postbiotics.

What can I do for my pet?

At the rear of the dog, you can put pressure on either side to release it, I found a great video which explains this.

https://youtu.be/VXpIYcWpkBo

 

 What can I do to resolve the issue with my pet?

Aloe Vera Gelly Rub well or spray the infected area with Aloe Vera Spray

Aloe Vera Propolis Crème recommended to do 4-6 times a day.

Find Product Click on Natural and Probiotics

Natural and probiotics

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Animals and Fireworks

Just recently I have noticed on the news a lot of animals being victim to fireworks, over this period of time I keep my cats in and make sure they are safe I am often home so they know they are safe, although a lot of dogs and cats with the large bangs are terrified, one of my cats was outside years ago and they were frozen in one spot under the car which I had to pull out and bring inside.

If you are going out and have pets close the curtains and put on some relaxing music and make sure they are warm if you can give them love and pats and reassure them, with birds especially aviaries cover them over the bright lights and bangs have been known to kill them, horses in stables and out of harm’s way.

These animals need us especially at this time, do not let your rabbit or pet become victim, it is sad when such pain and severe injury happens to our beloved pets so avoiding it by being attentive and protective is the best way.

Walk your dogs in the day and make sure you are not out and about when it is getting dark, a sudden jolt could injure you and your pet, having pets inside where they are safe, animals can get anxious there are some products that can calm pets.

Although providing a calm and relaxing environment is the first step with a comfortable bed or bedding, they feel secure in.

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Animals Dumped Suffering Dying

I do a lot of research and with every bit of research somewhere along the line, I come across cruelty it seems to drive followers, people seem to enjoy it, yet these living animals have feelings, thoughts, and fears.

Throughout centuries humans love suffering and it gathers the crowds, years ago if a child was not doing well everyone picked on them and it seems in some way, we have not advanced as human beings.

I feel the reasons for such actions, is selfishness, a new relationship, or not wanting your prized furniture or furnishings damaged, seeing these living souls almost as an item not as a living being. Some that sell pedigrees left dogs so tangled they lost limbs, then praising the fact they saved them, what about the suffering these animals have gone through the mental torture.

Change in circumstances finance not there, so the first to go is that pet, like a piece of rubbish or moving home and not bothering to take their pet with them.

People not getting their animal neutered therefore flushing kittens down the toilet or leaving out in all types of weather to die. Leaving horses, donkeys in stables not suitable and not caring for them.

Vets charging over the top charges forcing people not to care for the pet with the temptation of dumping them and insurance companies not covering the bill, driving cost even further up.

From murders and cruelty, it seems from children it starts with animals then humans suffer in the hands of these monsters, since time is on their side with needing all the proof and evidence normally by this time several lives are destroyed or lost, and suffering goes on.

It is time that society really looks at what qualities we are putting into our next generation and really care about life.

It would be funny if the film Planet of the Apes became reality and gave man back some the barbaric ways, they treat other living beings.

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Antiartrozin

Have you discovered your pet is having difficulty in walking or breathing, maybe your cat is getting on and you are concerned about your cat’s well being?

In older pets they can suffer with osteoarthritis, being stiff, not able to move as much as they used to and sometimes, they may have weight loss or joint pain.  This can be caused by medication, or they are suffering with a water infection and the cat is struggling to go or going often, and you are wondering what you can do to assist your cat.

Glucosamine Sulfate is obtained from the shells of shellfish and fungi, which is a great natural remedy to assist with arthritis pain HIV/AIDS, cystitis, or pain in general. Glucosamine plays a vital role in building cartilage assisting with the natural fluid around the joints and bone marrow in animals. This can also help with Diarrhea, constipation and can cut down on heart disease or strokes.

Some researchers conclude it may reduce inflammation which is one factor in the development of heart disease.

Chrondroitin Sulfate from research, seems to work as an anti-inflammatory and reduces pain, also chondroitin sulfate may slow cartilage breakdown associated with osteoarthritis and even stimulate cartilage growth which safely reduces pain, improving function.

This is good for older cats helping with degree of disability from joint disease.  Like any medication it is wise not to overdo it, and follow the instructions provided.

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Arthritis and Your Pet

Most animals and people are living longer and because of this most older pets and people will suffer from arthritis, cats from the age of 12 at some point could suffer arthritis with dogs it is more easier to notice, they will have lameness or possible limp normally the back joints, with cats it is hardier to notice since this is normally in the spine or elbows of the cat, they will take smaller steps and may not jump up like they used to and will hesitate. Both cats and dogs will become less active and stiffer.

Arthritis is not technically a disease it refers to rheumatic diseases and other related conditions which all have similar symptoms including pain, stiffness and swelling of the joints, there is four stages.

1.Inflammation

2.Damage

3.Mild Pain

4.Moderate to severe pain

Degenerative joint disease where the movable joints containing a lubricating liquid called synovial fluid for mobility when this gets affected and flamed this is when problems occur wearing down the joints causing arthritis.

Watch out for behaviour changes, catching this early means it is much easier to treat like not being as active, struggling, decrease in activity, sleeping more than usual, vets will usually prescribe some form of Glucosamine or MSM, anti-inflammatory, Nsaids reduce pain and inflammation like Tramadol, it also known that laser therapy and acupuncture can help with the more severe cases.

Diet is as important if an animal is overweight this can add to the problems with adding pressure on the limbs, so weight control is as important.

It is also known that green tea and turmeric can also help with arthritis.

Depending on the patient to which solution is best, herbal treatment can work in well with medication of course if your pet is on medication then check first to make sure that the solution is the best way forward. If you can use natural remedies and control arthritis in early stages then this is best for your pet, some animals’ life has ended because of the severe pain of not being able to use their joints when otherwise they are healthy.

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Arthritis in Cats and How to Help your Pet

As I have mentioned cats twelve years and older can be affected by arthritis especially if your cat is overweight since this puts pressure on elbows and joints.

If your cat is struggling to jump up and do what they usually do, then they may be affected or meow when you are patting your cat so what can be done?

Chondroitin is essential for the resilience of cartilage is a naturally occurring substance formed of sugar chains. It maintains normal enzymatic activity and water holding capacity to provide healthy resistance to compression, which Chondroitin and Glucosamine can help since Glucosamine is a sugar protein that helps the body build cartilage the hard-connective tissue located mainly on the bones.

Collagen advances the science of tissue repair giving great strength providing tissue their firmness and resilience it is essential for connecting and supporting the bones, tendons, muscles and cartilage supporting the body’s natural ability.

Some herbs can be very helpful, like Curcumin is the active ingredient of the spice, turmeric and is a natural anti-inflammatory compound which dramatically increases the antioxidant capacity of the body.  

When massaging your cat, you can use Copaiba this is a stimulant oleoresin obtained from the trunk of several pinnate leaved from South America legumin trees the thick transparent varies in color from light gold to dark brown depending on the resin in the essential oil. Rub a little bit in your hand and massage gently never over do with essential oils. This helps promote wound healing, pain relief, infections, parasites

Omega 3 can also help with flexibility of joints, like Green Lipped Mussel which is a derivative from mussels and contain the same Omega 3 Fatty Acids EPA and DHA that oily fish do however it has been shown to be an excellent and almost unique source of Eicosatetraenoic Acid another Omega 3 Fatty Acid which is a good supplement for dogs and cats.

Vitamins and Mineral like Vitamin C and E in the diet like minerals such as Manganese and Zinc which are designed to mop up free radicals that can damage the cartilage and are also needed in cartilage production in a specially designed supplement.

MSM Methylsulfonylmethane is a natural occurring Sulphur containing compound that is claimed to reduce pain and inflammation and promote connective tissue and repair damaged proteins.

Note: Never overdo with medication try one and see if it works you can do more damage by treating an animal with too many remedies, they are just like us.

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Asthma in Cats

What is Asthma?  Is a disease of the lower airways, can affect 5% of cats, often caused by allergic reaction to some thing the cat breathes in. When a cat inhales allergen, the immune system may react and create inflammation. Inflammatory cells may develop in the airways and produce chemicals that create more inflammation. The airways become irritated and tighten and cause difficulty breathing.

What are the Common Causes? Is often triggered by an allergy or stress, which causes chronic inflammation of the small passageways in the lungs. Asthma in cats is an immunity related condition and attacks can often be brought on by an allergy or stress, suspected triggers are Pollen, Grass, Mould, Mildew, Dust Mites, Tobacco Smoke, some of the litters, Household cleaning products and even Foods, Candle Smoke, Aerosols, Essential Oil Diffusers.

Recognise Symptoms. Wheezing, difficulty breathing and a persistent cough it is incurable, but the condition is manageable with the right care, like humans, asthma in cats is a chronic inflammation of the small passageways in the lungs and is generally manageable with the correct care cats can lead a happy active live.

What is the common age the condition develops? Between the ages of two and eight years old, with a slightly higher prevalence in female cats. Certain breeds are more acceptable like Siamese and Himalayan cats.

What are the signs? Wheezing, Rapid or Difficulty Breathing, or increased effort to breathe, Frothy Mucus while coughing Difficulty Breathing after Exertion, keeping mouth open while Breathing, Neck Extended upwards and Gasping for Breath, Blue Lips and Gums, Increased swallowing, Throat Gurgling, squatting with shoulders Hunched, and Neck Extended and Low to the Ground.

Therefore, if your cat has any type of cough seek advice their lungs could be inflamed, and they could be at risk of developing permanent scars.

Similar Conditions: Heart Disease, Heartworm, Lungworm, and respiratory infections.

How do I limit Asthma Attacks?

  1. Using a low dust, fragrance-free cat
  2. Not using perfumes or heavily scented products around your cat.
  3. Changing your air filters on a regular basis.
  4. Not using aerosols, sprays, or harsh chemicals around your cat.
  5. Keeping your home clean to avoid dust build-up.
  6. Not smoking around your cat.

 

How do I Treat my Cat?

There are two types of medications used to treat cat asthma: corticosteroids and bronchodilators.

Herbal Treatment

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Back Legs Giving Way on my Cat  

I have seen a few people concerned about this, a black cat which I called Lucky was dumped and his back legs were giving way when we managed to catch him. Within a week or so he was back to good health.  

The most common cause of rear limb paralysis in cats is a blood clot that goes to the back leg, which is called saddle thrombus or arterial thromboembolism, this clot blocks blood flow to the affected limbs, a clot in the back leg suddenly causes the cat to be unable to put full weight on the affected leg.  

Sometimes the cat will walk normally then suddenly the back legs will give way, sometimes cats can become constipated and may need some help with herbal treatment for animals which when addressed will start eating properly again. Vets will tend to do blood test and may suggest a neurologist which can be costly. 

What happens when a blood clot lodges at the base of the aorta just as it branches into two distinct arteries obstructs the blood flow to the hind limbs is known as saddle-like shape it roughly resembles once it takes up residence in this location. The pooled blood can form a clot inside the heart which can then break off spontaneously and travel down towards the legs, carried along by the flow of blood, this can happen with no warning, the cats are in tremendous pain and become instantly paralyzed. 

If this happens the cat can appear paralyzed and both or one legs become useless and even noticeably cold, the cat will hyperventilate and cry out with extreme pain, circulation can be restored, blood thinners will be needed.  5% of cats will have tissue damage appearing as an open wound. 

I put Lucky on carnitine tablets and in no time he had improved.  Within a couple of weeks, he is walking normally and eating well, he has now filled out and is a perfectly healthy male cat.

Some herb treatments that can help.

Turmeric. The active compound present in turmeric known as curcumin works on the blood platelets to prevent clots. ... 

Garlic Cayenne Arjun ki Chhaal Flax Seeds and Chia Seeds. 

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Benefits of Blankets

 

You probably did not give this much thought, however there are a lot of benefits attached to pet throw over or blankets. I have sixteen cats and I enjoy my home and expensive furniture and furnishings throw overs are ideal for sofas used for protection.

Also, if you consider going on a long trip or even from the office to home, have you got caught in the traffic and found the journey horrific, what if the weather turned bad and you are feeling the cold always a great idea to have a throw over or blanket.

Also, with cat beds throw over and pet blankets are ideal for keeping bedding clean by changing them for washing them is much easier than washing a whole bed every time.

What are some of the other benefits? They can be security for pet or small child, they can also help with stress and give a comfort when sleep is needed.

They can also protect the car from smells, odours and fur and can help with the pet knowing where to be.

They can help on the colder nights when outside or as an extra needed bedding remember when those heavy blankets used to come out of the cupboard, at least blankets today are light and warm and made with materials that can help especially if an animal is not well or has broken a bone this can be comfort and warmth to assist healing and recovery.

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Benefits of Crate Mats

Animals like cats and dogs need security they often want comfort and to feel a soft fabric against them this is usually when a new member comes into the family being flat this helps with space making them easy to put into a cage while integrating in with other animals.

Animals do not like change when you must move for security and protection of the vehicle this is a good way or moving an animal one from place to another with the protected cage mats this helps with keeping the car clean.

Also cleaning them is easy and the space they take up is limited this helps with them knowing they have their own space.

If you have an active cat or dog, then this is great for those summer days can help with keeping a pet cool and comfortable.

When holidays arise, and you want to take your pet with you this is a good way of doing so since they do not take up much room depending on lifestyle this can be a great alternative.

The benefits of a fabric crate are that it is lightweight and that it folds flat for easy storage and travel and some crates double as furniture.

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Benefits of Good Quality Food Meat and Potatoes

Cats are carnivores they draw most of their essential nutritional needs from meat and the nutrients which are easy for them to digest if there are too much plant matter cat’s digestive system does not produce the enzymes necessary to properly process or digest plant matter this can cause obesity, pancreatitis, and arthritic limbs certainly as cats age, when there is too much plant-based carbohydrates.

Potatoes are a staple crop that contain wholesome properties like protein, potassium, b and c vitamins, carbohydrates, and fibre when the correct quantity is put with meat in good quality cat food this keeps a cat healthy.

If a cat has cooked potatoes with oil salt and other ingredients like additives such as French fries this can be difficult for them to digest although cats can benefit from the occasional potato. If a cat is suffering from constipation the fibre content of a potato or sweet potato can help move things along.

With so many brands it is difficult to know if you are getting the correct nutritionally balanced diet when a body gets the correct vitamins, they are unlikely to eat as much since they will feel full.

Key nutrients your cats’ body is roughly 80% water so proper hydration is a matter of significant importance when you take dry food it contains 10% moisture where canned food contains 80% water content.

Protein from meat is needed for muscle growth and tissue repair, which also provides three essential nutrients for optimal health, taurine for vision and heart, arachidonic acid for skin and coat health and vitamin A for vision and coat. Great sources are Chicken, lamb, beef, organ meat and fish. These essential fatty acids provide cats with fuel alongside with vital protection and insulation for internal organs. Carbohydrates provide a source of energy promoting digestive health and normal intestinal function. Minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, sodium, magnesium, potassium, zinc, iron, and copper are all essential for your cat’s teeth and bones. Too much or too little can have serious repercussions. Vitamin’s fat soluble A D E K and water-soluble Vitamins C and B promote normal vision, growth, wound healing, healthy coat, skin, and optimal nervous system. These compounds are involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

A cat benefits from having a balanced dry and wet food and some fresh homemade food animals enjoy variety in their diet.

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Benefits of Radiator Kradles

Radiators work effectively when they are not covered with the cold weather in England today more people are going for central heating to keep the home at one temperature which is healthier since you are not heating only one section and going into different temperatures all the time.

Safety is also one of the priorities when it comes to heating with conventional heaters, they are not only costly but can be dangerous when it comes to young children and pets. 

Radiators have a slow movement of heat out of the radiator which moves around the room and keeps it at a certain temperature when covered this makes it in effective.

Cat Kradles sit beside the radiator and protects the cat letting the warmth come through naturally which means it is safe and secure and allows your cat the comfort without it blocking the air flow into the room or getting seriously burnt with unnecessary expensive vet bills or worse setting your cat and home alight.

With energy bills being so high, they say that gas is about 3-4 times cheaper than electricity per kwh even a brand-new boiler it will only be about 90% efficient.  Even though the efficiency of a new gas boiler is not as high as an electrical equivalent based on the fact it is so much cheaper for each unit of gas, mains gas still wins. It doesn’t make a huge difference to the equation. Other is LPG this can be more expensive than accessing it from the mains.

Cats will lie next to hot radiators or where they can keep warm by having protected bedding is the safest way of keeping your cat warm preventing your animal from overheating.

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Benefits of Scratching Posts

 So, you are a mummy or daddy of a wonderful kitten or cat and love your home no doubt your new arrival will want to sharpen her claws so there are some areas to consider.

First, health is so important, scratching posts are fantastic for maintaining good claw shape and health of their claws using up their energy, this also helps protect your investment furniture and furnishings.

When you play with your cat or have many cats scratch post is a good way of the animals bonding together and having a better connection with yourself.

What are the benefits?

Cats scratch for many reasons, this helps with stretch the muscles in their legs, back, shoulders, and paws. Their claws are sharpened this rubs the old outer layers of claw that have become rough and blunt. With cats’ claws are made up of layers which has scent glands in their paws, also this helps with communicating with other cats which cats can smell although humans cannot.  A cat will scratch to maintain muscle tone and to keep their claws sharp therefore protecting wooden furniture.

This is the reason declaw a cat is so gruel they cannot grab and play with things also it effects other areas of the paw not to mention the unnecessary pain reflected.

Also, a cat from time to time will have to protect themselves with saliva and cat scratched this can be dangerous especially if a stray has been affected with aids etc, this will affect your cat they need to be able to protect themselves.

Enjoy your cat they can be your best friend.

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 Blood in Stool after a Cat has been Wormed.

It is important to protect your cat from possible intestinal parasites, however after deworming a cat you may still find blood in the stool, this is called hematochezia which can be a minor outcome of intestinal parasites or other signs of possible serious medical health.

The blood from the stool can be light with or without symptoms occurring.

Hematochezia is the bleeding in the lower part of intestines, it can be coming from the rectum or colon which causes bright blood in the stool.

Melena is another term use for blood in stool, the only difference is that melena has a dark colour blood due to the bleeding coming from the highest part of the intestines.

Always check the colour, usually you will find it is light or dark blood, can be a cause of gastrointestinal upset due to overeating and food that are not acceptable by their digestion.

Intestinal worms such as cryptosporidium causes swelling in the intestines that results in bleeding, roundworms and hookworms are possibly intestinal parasites that affect blood in the stool, constipation is one way to occur blood from the stool, it damages the anus and irritate it that causes blood stain when there is a slight tear arise in the anal that causes the blood.

Bacterial infection Salmonella that causes the inflammation in the colon part of what they called colitis. Swelling or Impacted Anal Glands is when swelling or impacted that leads to infection or abscess which produce a solid, foul-smelling substance when the cat defecates, which the inflammation on the anal glands.

Polyps recto anal is commonly seen in cats they are not necessarily cancerous symptoms include difficulty defecating, blood in the stool and obvious polyp from the anus. IBD-IBD or inflammatory bowel disease is a result from penetration of inflammatory cells getting into the GI tract that causes the inflammation, symptoms present are diarrhoea, blood in stool and chronic vomiting. Cancer can exist watch out for sudden weight loss, blood with diarrhoea, lethargic, anorexia and abnormal growth in the abdomen.

Swelling in the lining of the large intestine which is called colitis develop due to stress, nutrition, infection, intestinal parasites, or cancer. Look for symptoms such as blood in stool, diarrhoea, recurrent liquid stools, and loss of appetite. Blood Clot is associated to decrease number of platelets counts or bleeding disorder where in the blood does not normally clot. This is called haemophilia; the condition is inherited.

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Bob Cat Fever

I read an article about a person losing their cat went missing for a few weeks, they found out their cat had Bobcat fever and the cat died, I had not heard of this before, so I did some research since I have thirteen cats, the reason I have so many is because people dump them and leave them to die.

So, what are the signs? Depression, Lethargy, decreased appetite, Fever, Dehydration. Infected cats will have a high fever and may show signs of anemia pale gums and jaundice, a yellow discoloration to the skin due to a build-up of bilirubin in the blood from the liver not functioning properly.

This disease can be infectious in theory, if this is caught in the very early stages, the treatment includes cat antibiotics and an antiprotozoal drug.

How do Cats Catch Bobcat Fever? Cytauxzoon Felis is a protozoal organism transmitted to domestic cats by a deadly blood parasite spread by tick bites, with Lonestar ticks being the main transmitters. It can kill an infected cat within a week without treatment.

Cytauxzoonosis, known as bobcat fever, is an acute, often fatal tick-borne disease caused by the hematoprotozoan parasite Cytauxzoon felis. Cytauxzoonosis often strikes healthy, young adult cats who have access to or live outdoors.

Cats that do survive this disease may lead to an often-fatal infection in domestic cats, if it is acute illness, they are resistant to repeat illness from either relapsed or repeat infection.

It is said that Cytauxzoonosis is an emerging, life-threatening infectious disease of domestic cats (Felis catus) caused by the tick-transmitted protozoan parasite Cytauxzoon felis. Cytauxzoon spp are apicomplexan parasites within the family Theileriidae along with their closest relatives of Theileria spp.

Haemoprotozoan parasites are unique unicellular protists that have developed sophisticated life cycles alternating between development in the tissues and blood of a range of vertebrate hosts and the gut and tissues of various blood-feeding invertebrate vectors.

By definition, a parasite is an organism that lives on or in a host organism and gets its food from or at the expense of the host.

From looking through several articles the best prevention is tick prevention it seems most cases are in the United States and a few more cats are surviving it is seasonable, unusual in England.

Most parasites can be kept under control with flea and worm treatment regularly.

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Bowel Cancer in Cats

Symptoms of intestinal cancer, bowel cancer can be difficult to diagnosis there are four stages which affects each part of the intestine and other organs, this mostly affects cats six years or older.

Some of the symptoms are as follows and can be fatal.

  • Reduced appetite.
  • Weight loss.
  •  
  • Stomach growling.
  • Blood in stool.
  • Black stool.
  • Chronic intermittent vomiting.
  • Blood in cat stool and very smelly
  • In most cases smelly stools of a few days’ duration in an otherwise healthy cat are not serious, but if diarrhoea and foul odours persist or are accompanied by listlessness, blood in stools, vomiting or diarrhoea, it could be an emergency.

 

Dying cats might begin to look messy and unkempt with dull coats and might even develop a detectable odour. The odour is usually due to toxins building up in the body because of illness.

Why is there bright red blood in my cat's stool?

Causes of blood in cat poop include food allergies or eating something unsuitable, infection, parasites, reaction to some medications, anal gland issues and colitis (inflammation of the large intestine). Even stress can cause blood in your cat's poo, for instance if you've recently moved house or it's fireworks season.

 

Hematochezia is the passage of fresh blood per anus, usually in or with stools.

Remember, hematochezia is caused by bleeding in the colon, which is close to the anus. The blood only travels a short distance, so it's still fresh by the time it leaves the anus which is why it is bright red.

Most common causes are hemorrhoids and diverticulosis, both of which are relatively benign; however, it can also be caused by colorectal cancer, which is potentially fatal.

This can develop quickly over a short time and be very aggressive.

A vet wrote about her three cats that died from cancer.

So, What Is Cancer, exactly?

Simply put, cancer is a disease where the DNA (genetic code) of a normal cell becomes damaged, causing the cell to mutate. This damage can be caused by a virus, radiation, exposure to chemicals (such as pesticides or herbicides),or some types of hormones. The negative effects of these agents can build up over the years, which could explain why so many cancers affect older animals.

Cancer in cats has a definite hereditary component. Siamese cats are prone to developing several different types of cancer.

The damaged cell begins to go rogue and starts replicating itself, unchecked. The resulting cells then invade surrounding tissue, where they cause new blood vessels to grow around them to supply them with nutrients. This is what allows the cancer to spread (or metastasize) to other areas of the body.

Although many things can contribute to cell damage, in most cases the exact cause of a pet’s cancer is never identified. Both the environment and heredity may contribute to the development of cancer in cats, but most times we never know what really causes it.

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 Breathing Difficulties in Cats

Let’s consider the respiratory system which has many parts, like the nose, throat pharynx and larynx windpipe, and lungs.

Air comes in through the nose and is carried down to the lungs through a process referred to as aspiration. In the lungs, the oxygen is transferred to red blood cells, these blood cells then carry the oxygen to other organs in the body which the physical process of a healthy body.

While oxygen is being transferred to the red blood cells, carbon dioxide is transferred from red blood cells into the lungs which then is carried out through the nose through a process referred to as expiration. This cyclic motion of breathing is controlled by the respiratory center in the brain and nerves in the chest.

Diseases that affect the respiratory system and or respiratory center in the brain can bring about breathing difficulties.

Term for laboured breathing is referred to as dyspnea, excessive breathing is referred as tachypnea also known as polypnea.

Depending on the severity of the problem they can become life threatening.

The symptoms of dyspnea: Breathing with an open mouth, nostrils may flare open when breathing, the belly and chest move when breathing, neck and head are held low and out in front of the body, noisy breathing (stridor) problem when breathing in or out.

Fast Breathing known as tachypnea when rate is faster than normal, mouth is usually closed.

Panting, Fast Breathing, usually shallow breaths, open mouth other symptoms could be coughing  

So, what causes these issues?

Can be many reasons like infection with bacteria or viruses, tumours, bleeding, diseases of the nose, small nostrils, foreign object stuck in the throat, roof of the mouth is too long, (enlongated soft palate),diseases of the throat and upper windpipe (trachea). Diseases of the lungs and lower windpipe, infection with bacteria or viruses (pneumonia),heart failure with fluid in the lungs (pulmonary enema),enlarged heart, infection with heart worms, bleeding into the lungs, diseases of the small airways in the lungs (bronchi and bronchioles),allergies, asthma.

With diseases in the space in the chest surrounding the lungs (pleural space) can cause heart failure, air (pneumothorax) blood in the chest (hemothorax) or tumours in the chest.

Diseases of the chest wall caused by injury and toxins.

Diseases that make the belly enlarged or bloated, enlarged liver, stomach filled with air, fluid int the belly (ascites)

If the breathing is fast referred to as Tachypnea this means low oxygen level in the blood (hpoxemia) low red blood cell level (anemia) or asthma. High body temperature fever.

If your cat has Asthma which is referred to as allergic bronchitis, is very similar to the asthma we humans get, which is an allergic reaction that causes the spasms in the airway. The spasms can lead to swelling and difficulty in breathing, this in some cats can be a chronic problem, while for others it can be seasonal.

So, what triggers the Asthma?

Grass and pollen, cat litter if it is clay, pine, cedar etc, certain foods, household cleaners and sprays, smoke from cigarettes, cigars, fireplaces, candles etc, dust, dust mites, mild, perfumes and cosmetics. Feline heart worm disease.

If your cat’s airway is restricted, the ability to breath can become life threatening in just minutes.

The signs can be a bit like having a cold, coughing wheezing, runny eyes, gurgling throat, rapid, shallow breathing, frequent swallowing, open mouth breathing, taking quick breaths, increased pulse.

Reducing asthma by removing stress and substances that can create the situation, changing litter and food.

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Breathing Problems in Cat’s

Is your cat breathing heavy or wheezing, if so, let’s look at the causes?

Let's look at the following. Laboured breathing, rapid breathing and noisy breathing, if they are standing or crouching with elbows pulled away from the body, head and neck stretched out, loss of appetite, coughing in some cases, bluish or purplish gums, unusual behaviour like hiding or excessive me owing.

Some of the causes can be fluid in the chest or hydrothorax referring to the accumulation of fluid in the space between the lungs and ribs.

Common causes for hydrothorax include infectious peritonitis, ruptured thoracic duct, and congestive heart failure due to cardiomyopathy, this is a viral disease that the body cannot eliminate, and that causes fluid to accumulate in the chest and abdomen. The lymphatic system collects excess fluid from throughout the body and some of the fat absorbed from the intestines, the fluid is then returned to the main circulation by the thoracic duct connecting to one of the large veins near the heart, if this rupture then the fluid spills into the chest and this causes breathing difficulties.

Cardiomyopathy or enlarged heart often leads to congestive heart failure, this is when inadequate pumping action by the heart, resulting in fluid accumulation in the chest or lungs.

Feline asthma also referred to as allergic bronchitis, which is like asthma in humans, this is when there is an allergic reaction that causes spasms in the airway. These spasms can lead to swelling and difficulty in breathing. In some cats this can be seasonal or others a chronic problem, this could become life threatening.

So, what triggers this? Grass and pollen, feline heart worm disease, some cat litters, food, household cleaners and sprays, dust, dust mites, mold, some perfumes and cosmetics. Other causes can be things like trauma, tumours, hiatal hernia, bleeding, and infection.

How to deal with this look out for any threats such as treat any mold, change litter and treat for heart worm, check airways for obstruction and treat any infections. Garlic and Fenugreek or Turmeric is good for assisting with breathing problems, if you are concerned seek medical advice.

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Bringing Home Your First Kitten

Depending how you obtain your first kitten, I had a few kittens which was from a mother that made her home in the factory, fortunately before they destroyed the cats, I manage to obtain the kittens and the mother cat went to a cattery.

In this instance the kittens will often be full of fleas and worms so the first job is to shampoo them dry them flea and worm them, keep them warm and put them in a closure away from the other cats with their litter tray, kitten milk and kitten soft food to start with, they will also need attention since they are very young and need to bond.

If you are picking a kitten up from someone, then make sure you have a home kitten proof for where they will be living, they are like naughty children and will want to explore climb and swing off curtains, so you need to consider your breakables. Of course, you will need a cat box for the journey for safety put some soft blankets in because they need to feel secure.

One rule of thumb Do not adopt a kitten before eight weeks, their natural mother will give them the best nutrients and wean them, she will lick their bottoms and train them. Some breeders may keep them with their mother and littermates until they are 12 weeks old by that stage they should be weaned and have learned the basic social skills they need to interact with other cats, between eight to sixteen weeks they will begin to understand their position in the household, cats are territorial for the safety of kittens is best to keep separate from older cats for a few months when the other cats are used to them and they are old enough to defend for themselves then they will interact.

Ideally you need some quiet days to spend at home with your kittens and no scheduled visitors to get them used to you and their environment.

Some questions to ask? What routine and foods do they eat and their feeding routine? The tray arrangements check if they have had any vaccinations or worming treatments, do they have a chip and their favourite toys? If possible, leave some toys and a blanket with your kitten for a few days before collecting them so the familiar smell is comforting to them and the journey for when you get them home. Remember to take some paper towels and a replacement blanket in case of accidents during the journey, keep the carry case close during these journeys to comfort your kitten.

Always keep things calm and drive slowly to prevent startling your kitten, either fasten the cat box in with a seat belt so it does not slide around or have another passenger hold it steady and speak soothingly.

From the start, kittens need good nutrition so feed them both a high quality of commercial kitten food and natural foods to keep a balanced diet cut any meats up very fine they only have little mouths. Make sure their bedding is soft and welcoming with all my cats I have cat blankets that I wash regularly so their bed is always fresh. Position litter trays so it easy for them they will use them if you buy litter that is hard on their paws, they may not use the tray. Cats need attention and play time is important to stimulate them they can get bored.

Cats need grooming brushing combing, also teeth cleaned although best to start when they are around 16 weeks old. Kittens and cats love the odd treat, do not overdo it, for their claws best to have some scratching posts/poles around for them.

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Burns and Herbs for Pets

Often enough we do not think about our furry friends getting burnt in the summer months and the tar on the roads and pavements can be very hot, also with fair animals like white cats and dogs they can get sun burned.

With light skin animals the same care needs to be taken as you would with your children, sun lotion should be applied to ears and the lighter parts of the body like top of nose.

If the pads become red and soar there are a few things you can do, do not apply butter or oil this will make the situation worse and can be a vet visit.

Second degree burns are more painful and can cause main tissue and nerve damage, herbs are a natural treatment for burns and can be used as a compress also cool down with a flannel wash and a suitable shampoo.

Herbs can fight infection, aid in the repair of the skin and help prevent the formation of scar tissue they contain vitamins A, C and E as well as the trace mineral zinc especially helpful while the body is recovering.

With first and second degree always take great self care cold water or ice pack for at least ten minutes if the burn is more serious then medical attention will be needed.

So, what are some of the Natural Herbs that can be used?

North Americans use Plantain which gives a soothing effect and can be useful for treating insect bites.

Lavender this is considered by many aromatherapists as one of the premier remedies for burns, it is antiseptic and analgesic and can be applied to skin without dilution also helps with scar tissue and has a calming effect which soothes the nerves after injury.  

Aloe Vera gel relieves pain and inflammation and speeds the healing process this has been used since ancient times and modern research support the effectiveness of this natural herbal remedy to treat burns including frostbite. Aloe contains enzymes, carboxypeptidase and bradykininase which relieves pain reduces inflammation and decrease redness and swelling.

It is also important antibacterial and antifungal properties that help to prevent infection.

Gotu Kola known as Centella Asiatica highly valued in Ayurvedic medicine for its ability to rejuvenate the skin speeds the healing process and helps prevent scarring.

Oregon Grape Root known as Mahonia Aquifolium can be very helpful in treating burns as it contains berberine proven to protect against bacteria viruses and fungi. Scientific research has shown that plants containing berberine stimulate the immune system and fight infection, the Oregon grape root is a strong antioxidant and contains tannins that ease inflammation, irritation and itching of the skin.

Slippery Elm known as Ulmus Fulva has been used for centuries by Native Americans as herbal treatment for burns, wounds, boils, ulcers and other skin inflammations, is a mucilaginous demulcent, diuretic and anti-inflammatory that may be used as a topical treatment for inflammatory skin conditions.

Comfrey known as Symphytum Officinale used in Chinese Traditional Medicine for over 2000 years common uses for this is a natural treatment for burns, sprains, broken bones and other wounds it promotes rapid healing of both skin lesions and bone breaks.

Calendula known as officinalis also known as marigold, this has been used for many centuries for treatment of burns and other skin inflammations. This is an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory helping to promote healing and stimulating the production of the outer skin cells also good for acute dermatitis, mild skin burns like sunburn and windburn prevents blisters and scar tissue be aware can cause allergic reactions.

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Can cats survive a broken back?

I read an article of a person concerned about their cat, which had been hit by a car and survived a broken back depending on the severity of the fracture, cats will often need surgery, just like us they will probably need screws, surgical pins, or even plates to keep the bones together and assist with healing.

Young cats have particularly good blood supply to their bones due to growth and these bones can sometimes heal in as little as 10 days.

What are the Symptoms of Spinal Trauma in Cats?

  1. Limp paralysis.
  2. Rigid paralysis.
  3. Pain.
  4. Urinary and fecal incontinence (if the tail has been yanked on or injured)
  5. Lethargy.
  6. Reluctance to play.
  7. Limbs are limp.
  8. Unable to stand or walk.

 How can you support your cat back to Recovery?

 You can assist your pet, cats will not show pain, because of fear of being attacked, Comfrey root and Charmomile and Calendula can help with pain and repairing tissue damage.

 

The leaf is also very effective and safe to use externally in creams, oils.

Comfrey other common name is Knit bone because it was well known for speeding up the healing of broken bones.  Bonesetters used to poultice fractures after they had been reset providing there was no open wounds.

Herbs can help to regenerate the surrounding tissue and any nerves affected by the break. Of course, healing will only start if bones are examined and reset before herbal treatment so movement can return as naturally as possible, can also treat the individual symptoms that your cat is experiencing at the time.

Joint care can help the bones through the powder supplements/nutraceuticals on the market produced in pharmaceutical grade facilities. These ingredients include high levels of Glucosamine and Chondroitin but also with an extra special ingredient – Turmeric.

By helping the bones strengthen naturally and assisting any damage tissue this helps with getting your pet back to good health.

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Cat Behaviour

When you have so many cats, you learn a lot about cat behaviour and the reasons they do certain actions however the difficulty is understanding the behaviour when something is wrong with cats because of their survival in the wild and a communication difference it is sometimes hard to understand what they are trying to let us know.

They certainly are fascinating creatures to live with and now is a time to share some of the ups and downs of these loving creatures

Peeing on Furniture or Personal Belongings.

I have found that even though my cats are neutered, and some are females which are the culprits this is when a new comer comes in and the order of the house needs to be clarified cats are very territorial and their needs to be a pecking order, they also want to mark their territory, this is where cleaning properly comes in and sometimes certain aids can be purchased to help with this. A tap on the backside a sign of disapproval also helps sometimes I feel I should have a metal for tolerance patience and understanding of the cat. In some cases, if the cat is acting unusual their can be a medical reason or they do not like the visitor.

Pooing on Floor

Cats are good at getting our attention, and want to let you know when something is wrong like blood in the poo or difficulty going to the toilet if they are not well they will let you know it is not that they are necessary naughty they are telling you something, in other cases if the smell is in the carpet this can also be the reason, deep cleaning or changing the carpet can work.

Rubbing

Cats show affection by rubbing against their owners, their movement can involve their entire body or sometimes just their cheeks or foreheads this is their way of telling you they love you and appreciate you.

When they rub up against objects this is, so they transfer their scent it is claiming ownership by head butting or nuzzling your face deposits scent from glands in their cheek area weaving in between your legs usually as you prepare food transfers scent from their sides and tail on to you this behaviour is also an effective way of making sure that they have your full attention. When cats play together, they will do this as well to show affection to each other.

 Scratching

Cats need to scratch surfaces to sharpen their claws, but they also use this behaviour to deposit their scent. Cats have scent glands on their paws and rubbing their paws along objects places their scent there.

If your cat has the annoying habit of scratching furniture, it is often because this is an area that attracts many different scents. The sides of sofas, for example, are favoured areas and these may have the scents of outdoors, our guests, our bags, or shoes. In performing the scratching behaviour, your cat replaces the foreign scent with their own.

If scratching is a problem, then scratching posts are a must. Place these in areas that cats like to scratch and then gradually move them towards your preferred location. There is no use hiding scratching posts in corners, as cats need to scratch in prominent areas. They also often like to scratch at different angles so provide horizontal and vertical scratching surfaces.

Kneeding

Cats kneed prior to relaxing or when they are happy, as kittens they kneed to feed from their mother this is a sign of comfort as well.

They pace their paws up and down on you, or soft objects like bed, blanket some will even drool and purr at the same time this is a pleasant behaviour and a happy contented cat I often get an excellent back massage.

Keep your cat’s claws trimmed be careful you do not hurt your cat trim the edge of the claw before the change in colour.

Meowing

Cats communicate with humans by using different meows this an endearing method of speech is heard in young kittens to get their mothers attention.

You should not ignore a cat’s meow a high pitch meow normally means bird, if they meow constantly and often which is not their character this could mean they are unwell and are trying to tell you something is seriously wrong.

Swish y Tail

Cats communicate to other cats and to humans using feline body language depending on how they are using their tail, if it is fast watch out, they are cranky and had enough if the tail is wrapped around them then they are comfortable.

Hiding Away

If you find your cat is hiding away this can mean a couple of things, they are not well or scared another animal could be tormenting them

Play

My cats play with each other, and it sounds like a tornado going through the house, they like to have attention and play bonds so when they are playing you know you have won them over, they are happy and content

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 Cat Claws

 Purpose of cat’s claws these are special features they’re retractable, cats only have their claws out when they mean to, for hunting, gaining traction against the ground or climbing trees this also helps claws against wear and tear. If you take the Cheetah, these are sprinters their claws need to be always ready in a moment notice especially in high speeds to stop them from slipping, with so much activity they need to rest between heats although with a Cheetah their claws only slightly retract.

The dew claws are attached to vestigial digits these claws are not in line with the other claws and no longer touch the ground, cats may use dew claws while attacking prey.

Claws are not nail’s although they are made up of the same stuff keratin a hardened protein with two layers, the unguis is the harder external layer the subunguis is the softer flaky underside layer whose grain is parallel to the direction of growth, therefore the nail grows outward from the nail matrix at the base of unguis and subunguis grows thicker while travelling across the nail the unguis grows outward faster than the subunguis to produce the curve and the thinner sides of the claw wear away faster than their thicker middle this produces a sharp point where finger nails are flat claws by contrast come out of the front of their paws this is so they can tear meat from bones defend themselves and climb.

Some cats known as polydactyl may have more than five clawed digits, which cats can retract their front claws they do not completely retract inside a sheath or all the way into the paw. When a cat is resting you can see the nail tips protruding from the fur, when a cat wants to use his claws, he contracts a tendon to extend them out and down like the way we point our toes and flex our ankle back. A cat’s claw will wear down normally with walking and running their claws are very sensitive with nerve endings starting where the pink area is and if cut to far up will cause pain and bleeding only trim the edges.

Because of the way cats walk on their toes which is known as being digitigrade, us humans are plantigrade walkers we use the sole of the foot if a cat is declawed for this reason, they will have trouble balancing properly.

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Cat not Eating Their Food - Why?  

I have fifteen cats when you have so many you need to check they are all eating, I often get told by friends their cats are not eating often enough it is simple, think of a cat like us, we sometimes want a change and get feed up of eating the same stuff, believe it or not cats like variety.  

Having dried food, fresh food, and good quality tin food you will find cats can require a taste for a particular brand or meat and trial and error can be a way forward.  Cats go strongly on smell so if they do not like the smell of food, they will more than likely not eat it and cats are good judges when it comes to what they will eat. 

Having so many cats it is competition, and they all get in to get their helpings so not much gets wasted here, treats are very welcome although you have to be careful to not overdo it, and sometimes they may not feel well and want grass because of the acid in their tummy which is natural. 

The trick is variety supply fresh as well as the other, sometimes we overfeed thinking it is spoiling them this can lead to health issues so keeping everything in moderation is best.  

Some rich foods can cause cats to be ill some are real scavengers and will eat almost anything if cats are out in the cold, they have been known to eat bread to survive or any bits they can find and often enough they will get used to that type of food which can cause other health issues cats need protein from meets for well-being.  

More seriously some cats that lose appetite there may be an underlying reason, like anorexia, kidney disease, cat flu, diabetes, Fever or hyperthyroidism and pancreatitis. 

There are certain signs with any of these causes which are in other articles, some of the herbs that can help are chamomile, catnip, cat thyme, Valerian, calendula, echinacea, cats’ claw, dandelion Root these can settle them and relieve systems, nature calm care can help greatly. 

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Cat Sores and How to Deal with Them.

From time to time your cat will have sores knowing what they are and what causes them and how to deal them is important to your cat’s health.

Often enough you will find scabs around the head and neck which is very common and mostly scabbing on the neck and other parts of the body. The cat can have food allergy and itching although often enough this will be a flea problem some cats are very allergic to fleas.

Solution: Use different flea remedies, spray the home with flea spray, vacuum and re vacuum make sure all beds and bedding are clean since the flea cocoon can protect the flea until hatch, so this needs constant management.

Plastic bowls are often a cause for cat acne which are small sores on the chin wash the cat’s chin.

Solution:  Wash with benzoyl for cats, tea bag, tea tree ointment or well recommended acne treatment. Use metal glass or ceramic food and water dishes.

Cats can suffer from Bacterial Infections which can be caused by other skin problems in some of these cases antibiotics can be used to help control the infection.

Ringworm can cause a type of fungus that affects cat’s especially if they are under one years of age they can appear as circular lesions on a cat’s head ears and forelimbs as well as other parts of the body, the skin around these lesions is often flaky and bald this is contagious and can spread to other pets in the home as well as people.

Solution: Specialized shampoos ointments and ringworm medication

Yeast Infections are caused by fungus and are also more likely in cats that have medical problems, the ear is one of the most commons spots for a yeast infection.

Symptoms may include a black or yellow discharge redness of the ear flap persistent scratching of the ear.

Solution: Requires antifungal medicine.

Sporotrichosis is a fungus rare it produces small hard skin lesions that may leak fluid and is a public health concern because it is known that this can spread to other cats and humans you need to be meticulous about hygiene and get treatment promptly.

Shedding of Fur and Hair Loss which is known as Alopecia

This is usually due to poor nutrition, fleas stress and allergies.

Solution: Cheaper brand cat food may not be giving your cat the nutrition’s it needs, also check for fleas and treat or if there is any change in the household your pet may need reassurance also valerian compound is good for stress.

Fleas

You may notice little black flea dust or soars or loss of fur this needs treating straight away since this can also lead to worm infestation and go from cat to cat

 

Ear Mites

Ear mites are tiny parasites that are drawn to the wax and oils in a cat’s ear they feed and cause inflammation that can lead to serious skin or ear infection. Signs will be excessive scratching of the ear, head shaking and strong odour and a dark discharge from the ear. They are also contagious to other animals

Solution: Garlic juice is good for getting rid of parasites 

Lice

Lice are parasites that feed on dry skin they are usually found on young and neglected cats the symptoms will be unusual coat appearance hair loss restlessness and scratching.

Solution: Treat with flea and lice treatment

Allergic Dermatitis

Cats can have allergic reaction to grooming products, food or environmental irritants like pollen or flea bites symptoms will include chewing on the paws or the base of the tail or scratching the ears this can result in fur and hair loss skin lesions including the belly

Solution: Comfrey and Calendula balm with its properties can help with its properties will sooth the skin and repair as well as shampoo with soothing Alvera  

Stud Tail this is also known as gland hyperplasia which refers to overactive glands on the top of the tail these glands produce waxy excretions which result in fur and hair loss and crusty lesions in severe cases, the tail is vulnerable to bacterial infections.

Solution: Especially formulated shampoo like simply calming for sensitive coats for animals

Eosinophilic Granuloma which is when a cat has raised ulcers or lesions on the nose or lips this could be caused by an allergic reaction which is most commonly appear on the face, pads of the feet and thighs what causes this?

 Food allergies or fleas or bacterial infection.

Solution: Depending on what the cause is to how you treat your cat tea tree treatment is good for bacterial or antiseptic powder for pets

Skin Cyst or Tumours

If there is a lump this does not mean it is cancerous and should be checked this is common in older cats a vet may well recommend removing it entirely.  

Dry Flaky Skin this usually happens in winter this could be due to poor diet or inadequate grooming

Solution: Omega 3 and good quality shampoo

Compulsive Grooming this can be stress related or flea issue valerian compound is good for helping with stress

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Cat suddenly Fat – Abdominal Fluid Build Up

Abdominal fluid build is a viral disease commonly causes abdominal fluid accumulation; cats of any age are susceptible more common in young cats is called ascites in cat.

Abdominal enlargement is a general term that means a cat’s belly is larger or fuller than usual and bulges beyond the normal outline of the body severe case of abdominal enlargement can also indicate serious underlying disease.

So, what are the causes?

Intestinal Parasites: like worms many worms in the intestine can cause distension of the abdomen giving a cat a pot-bellied appearance, kittens are more likely to have worms than older cats. Solution Deworming.

Pregnancy: It is normal for a pregnant female to show abdominal enlargement by mid to late pregnancy, unsprayed females running free will have many pregnancies and unsuspecting owners may be surprised by the abdominal enlargement that follows. Solution Get cat spayed

Obesity: Weight gain usually occurs when a cat eats too much or does not exercise enough or both, obesity leads to accumulation of fat in the abdomen and may result in abdominal enlargement and can also be a sign of hormonal imbalance. Solution Feed cat morning and night and encourage exercise

Organ Enlargement: An increase in size of one or more abdominal organs can cause the abdomen to be swollen due to pressure from inside bloated, one organ enlargement is often a sign of underlying illness such as infectious disease, inflammation, tumour abdominal growth of tissue and other conditions Solution diagnosis then treat

Free fluid in the abdomen: Accumulation of fluid in the abdomen is always a cause for concern the free fluid can be urine or blood, or it can be and effusion, which is fluid that escapes from body tissues and collects in the abdomen.

Causes: Urine in the abdomen indicates the bladder has been damaged and is leaking urine, usually caused by trauma such as being hit by a car, blood in the abdomen is associated with some tumours, surgery, bleeding disorders. Diseases like heart disease abdominal tumours inflammation of the abdominal lining, cancers.

Hypothyroidism when the thyroid gland fails to produce enough thyroid hormone, animals will become sluggish and gain weight even if they eat less and exercise, fat will build up around the abdominal organs and over time leads to a bulging abdomen.

Cushing Disease is a disorder of the adrenal glands, affected animals typically with abdominal enlargement due to enlargement of the liver, accumulation of fat in the abdomen, and a weakened body wall.

What are the symptoms?

Ascites causes your cat to be uncomfortable and he may display certain symptoms that relay that message. Here are some of the most common symptoms associated with fluid in the abdomen in domestic cats:

  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting
  • Lethargy
  • Overall weakness
  • Groaning noises while in a lying position
  • Abdominal distention 
  • Discomfort when the abdominal area is pressed
  • Male cats may have swollen scrotum
  • Difficulty breathing

Herbal Treatments for cats

 Fenugreek seeds, Garlic Juice, Ginger, Carrot Juice, Castor Oil, Massage, Bitter Gourd,  Punarnava Herb, Dandelion Tea,  Buckthorn Roots, Milk Thistle

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 Cat Throwing Up

Often wondered why your cat is throwing up? A cat that is throwing up often like 2-3 times a day is not natural, and this could mean underlying problems like bowel disease.

A cat with hairball when they throw up you will see the hair ball, butter or Vaseline a small amount can help with moving the hair ball, if the cat has long fur then brushing your cat will help with lose fur and washing your cat a couple of times a year can condition the coat and get rid of the extra lose fur.

Some plants are poisonous, and pesticides can cause illness wise to have charcoal capsules at hand.

Some cats will eat quickly, especially if there are a few cats their stomach wall expands too quickly, which sends a signal to the brain to cause regurgitation in this case the mess on your floor is from regurgitation, not actual vomiting. Feed the cats separately and give little amounts. Do not overfeed give in the morning and at night When a cat regurgitates, she brings up fluid and food from her oesophagus by opening her mouth — unlike vomiting, which involves gagging and retching.

Regurgitated food is still formed and may smell fermented. Cats that eat too quickly because they are gluttonous or stressed by food-bowl competition can regurgitate right after eating. Do not assume regurgitation is always a case of eating too quickly. It could be caused by oesophageal problems, obstruction of the digestive tract, hairballs, or dehydration.

 

How serious is the vomiting? should home remedy be supplied depending on if cat is hydrated is it eating and drinking, they lose electricity in their skin? When a cat is dehydrated the skin is elastic when you pinch the skin if it does not go back immediately and just sits. Check the gums they should be pink and moist.

Other frequently diagnosed causes of feline vomiting include the ingestion of such substances as the leaves of poisonous plants, spoiled cat food, various human medications, pieces of string or yarn, antifreeze, certain human foods chocolate or onions, for example or any number of objects that a cat might find lying around.

Diet, eating poor quality food and not getting enough proteins, bird feathers, beck, allergies to food, same foods cats like to eat over and over like seafood and poultry junkies change foods around with gastral problems treats can help between meals look at what is in treats best way if you cannot recognise the ingredients don’t give it, milk can cause vomiting.

Human grade food can be beneficial and rotate around having many cats’ competition can be fierce smaller amounts of food and many dishes

Food timing can cause issues if late in feeding cat can cause strong hydrofluoric acid by giving a small treat can stop the Enzyme deficiency which can cause this adding pancreatitis problem adding enzymes in the food can help.

Inflammatory bowel disease gastritis, intestinal etc, some form of cancers impaired organ disease can cause cats to throw up 2-3 times a day, therefore a healthy cat this is not normal rule out the main things, do not offer drugs to suppress the vomiting.

Fish and diary most common allergy, skin lesions can occur.

Some remedies which will help are chamomile or peppermint tea about teaspoon 2-3 times a day

 Arsenicum 1 small capsule

Curcuminoids for inflammatory bowel disease accompanied with diarrhoea suppress the ibd with Famotidine Pepcid 2.5mg every 8 hours acid control Pepsi brand name ¼ of a tablet issued. Milk Thistle

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Cat Whiskers when they lose them Is your Cat affected?

Whiskers around your cats’ eyes and nose is one of the most distinctive parts of your feline friend they fulfil a very important roles for your cat. When your cat losses whiskers there can be implications whiskers grow and are in some to the most nerve rich areas of the cat’s body.

These have nerve endings that are very sensitive and communicate all this information to the animal’s brain depending on the pressure they feel. Whiskers gives a cat the ability to know if they can pass through a space of not.

Whiskers, on the other hand, began evolving 120 million years ago along with early mammals. They're called vibrissae, technically speaking, and most mammals have them. Vibrissae act as feelers: they are organs of touch.

Important: Never cut or trim cat whiskers. Your cat's whiskers are a sensory organ, so cutting them off would be just like cutting off your senses of sight, hearing, smell, touch, and taste. A cat that loses all his whiskers is usually disoriented and confused. He may even become lost.

A cat can lose ability to guide and orient itself properly in its surrounding and will find it difficult to detect things closely, as they don’t have such a good eyesight when this happens.

They also help with knowing their way in poor light and adverse environments the whiskers around your cats’ eyebrows also help to provide sensory feedback and protect the eyes, by means of catching fine particles of debris before they reach the eyes and warning your cat of obstacles around their head.

Cats rely on their whiskers heavily.

Shedding and whisker loss occasionally happens cats go through growth, dormancy, and shedding phases just like their fur, and so shedding the odd whisker can occasionally happens sometimes a whisker will go a miss.

How this happens? Fighting with another cat if they are scrapping a lot, they may lose significant number of whiskers, neutering helps.

Alopecia is a condition that affects multiple species of animals including humans can cause a large scale and systemic loss of hair across the whole body, including whiskers, if the cat is losing fur and whiskers may need to seek advice.

Dermatitis and other skin conditions, particularly those that are allergenic in nature can be a cause or fungal infections such as ringworm can also affect the cat’s face, leading to hair and fur or whiskers. Feline acne or mite infestations or a range of immune mediated and hormonal disorders including hypothyroidism can cause fur and vibrissae known as whiskers loss.

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 Cats and Sleeping Bags

 Sleeping bags for cats is a sure way of your cat having comfort and a good long sleep, cats love to climb inside bags and enjoy being under covers, the warmth and security gives them peace of mind helping them to be healthier especially in those cold months or if you are holidaying and taking your pet with you.

Just like us humans when a cat is comfortable and well rested, they have better health and can also help with avoiding diabetic diseases, they recover better from any injury or pain and sleep aids with healing.

Lower risk of injury like not thinking properly and running out in front of a car or being serious injured by-passing bikes, dogs, etc being able to keep clear of danger more readily.

Cats will be in better mood and more chilled and relaxed they eat properly and helps with behavioural problems they think more clearer and are more playful.

Better memory helps them with remembering what the important things for cats are like coming home to be safe and getting their food when it is fresh.

Immune system is much better avoiding colds and flues not to mention the comfort and softness next to their body reminding them of the security of their mother as a kitten.

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Cats Boxes and Sheds

I can speak from experience I did not set out to have a cat it just happened that way, I do love animals and in fact did not have an animal for some time, when a lodger asked if she could have her cat I agreed, and this is where it all started.

Angel was spoilt went everywhere with me and loved all the attention, then a cat with green around its ears and tar on its tail I managed to coach in after taking the tar off and treating him, Spot stayed with me for many years until he died of cat’s aids.

Then over the years many cats were dumped I now have seventeen of unwanted cats it can be trying, all cats including lions and tigers love boxes and box type environments.  I am not allowed to throw out a box straight away it must be played in, turned upside down, slept in, scratched to pieces then I must sneak it in the bin.

Having a cat kennel also helps if I am back late, they have some where to go my garden is landscaped and is like a mini zoo, I love it and so do the cats, the kennel blends in and is part of the garden and very functional.

What is so great with having sheds you can have them heated and fitted out, so your cat is protected warm and comfortable also helps with not having your prized furniture scratched and damaged.

Cats need ways of filing their claws just like we do with our fingernails as far as a cat is concerned the home is theirs, you pay the bills provide all the goodies and answer to their meows and wishes.

What I have discovered is I am not in control of them they are in control of me, they are as demanding as a husband wanting the meals and attention, they are all individual and loving and are very attached in fact it would be hard to rehome any of them.

They get up to all types of mischief and pull clothes and things off the hangers so having a kennel is very worthwhile to keep your sanity.

I do not regret saving these souls they bring me a lot of joy and I am never lonely or have time to be miserable they bring joy and happiness in many ways, and I can understand why people who have animals prefer them often to people.

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Cats Do Grieve

I had to travel to Plymouth to pick up a mother cat and kittens ten years ago they were left with no food and the person I was picking up was about to get evicted from their home.

Ruby passed away suddenly, she was a Bengal cat all the cats noticed and acted differently, the day this happened Sandy insisted on getting under the covers curling up against me and kneading me like a little kitten does to her mother.

For the first few weeks she continued to do this, Possum her sister went very reserved I had paid attention to both in different ways.

I kept the routine the same within the home cats can show signs of grief as in loss of appetite, crying, change in sleep patterns, seeking extra attention and generally sad or searching for the other animal or if they lose a loved person they may sit in the place where that person sits, this can be very stressful for them especially if they become homeless or re homed.

Cats are very loyal and connected they have an interesting social system like humans they will make friends with some and others they will not get on with so replacing an animal is not that simple since they have built relationships with the living soul having a special bond, this is the reason they may become withdrawn and depressed demanding attention.

Cats are very spiritual and live-in harmony therefore a cat may become unsettled if they feel any tension, sometimes it is helpful for them to say goodbye to the body after a furry friend that has died, when they have examined the body allowing them to accept their mate has gone, with a cry or ignore all together which is normal.

Cats are very sensitive and will notice spirits I believe they may stare at something or act differently, when I lost a cat called Ginger Megs there was no other cats in the room, yet I felt the cat jump on the bed and no cat was there, I believe they stay around for a short time and the living cats can pick this up, which helps them accept the loss in some cases depending on how close the animals were the others, sometimes die within months or short time afterwards.

It is important that these souls get love and attention since security is what gets them through, re homing an animal can be difficult although they accept their new surroundings, they do not forget the connections with people and other animals, when the person they love comes into the room they will show the same affection and love as if they are still in their lives, their chosen one.

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Cats Feelings

I feel I need to write about my cats the cats I have is because people do not want them, and I can understand why. I have so many now, sixteen cats or little devils.

A lot of organisations are over run and are putting healthy cats down.

When you have only one or two there is not such an issue when you have this many, they become a pack and your beloved home becomes at risk of breakages and damages I have plenty of trays and scratch post and this is probably why my lounges have not suffered yet.

Although the odd item does get broken, so all valuables are under lock and key they will even open cupboard doors and flick items out.

When a cat is unwell they will do unfavourable actions to let you know, they all seek attention in different ways my biggest challenge is winter for their protection I keep them in, one little cat is always picked on by others, I have managed to give her cuddles and attention she is coming around falling asleep in my arms and purring which she normally does not do and is not jumping up so much and has calmed down the other cats are not picking on her as much either.

She is more at peace and knows she will not miss out on treats or feed time this is important a cat can waste away without you realising, other cats sit on my lap and rub against me while I am typing.

A new cat will snatch at the food and growl and eat a lot at first until they understand there is always food for them then the picking order changes and the cat’s behaviour change, I know it very important to try and give all the attention needed since they all thrive to belong and be accepted.

Their personalities change a lot they become more settled and loving, years ago I took in a ginger long haired Tom cat which no one had time for he hissed and was feral, after being neutered and cleaned up, brushed and cared for he was so loving and a tentative he would only come to myself he showed so much love towards me and at the end of his life he lied on top of my foot or where ever I was he wanted to be close.

I have found from saving cats, kittens they become very attached and loving and do not go to strangers their whole persona changes they support each other and seem to communicate and have their favourite spots in the home, I have found that from every cat I have owned they want to be loved and cared for the love and attention I receive is so great and rewarding even with all the trials and problems that come with having this many.

I would hope when people want to take on a cat, they consider they do have feelings and needs and are little children getting up to devilish activities.

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 Cats Itching and Dry Skin

The skin can be an indication of a deficiency, dry skin is common in cats just like us it is just as annoying, your cat may have dry patches of skin or dandruff like flakes on their fur and bald spots there are many reasons for this. So, what are the indications? Dandruff and flakiness are primary indications the skin itself may appear dull when you part the fur to have a look, also your cat may be scratching or licking more than usual. 

Hair loss or thinning hair by the tail this is often caused by an allergic reaction to fleas’ infestation, lice, and parasites, more than often dry skin is an indication of some other condition. 

Scratching of the head and neck can indicate a food allergy when the real issue is addressed then the cat’s fur and skin will go back to normal. 

So, what are the causes then? Allergies to an ingredient in their food, poor diet like the wrong food for cat’s since they need protein, pollen in the air or new bed and grooming products. Cat could require vitamins and minerals. 

 Weather can play a part such as winter with the colder days and having a heater on, excessive licking and grooming. 

Medication for other pets or humans, has this spilled and the cat licked it up. 

Fungal infections like yeast infection, ringworm and sporotrichosis which is an infection via the skin through small cuts, scratches or punctures from thorns, barbs, pine needles or wire known as rose gardener’s disease this can also affect the skin, with rare forms affect the joints, bones and even the brain. This should be treated straight away more serious issues in older cats could be heart conditions, diabetes hyperthyroidism. 

So how do you deal with this problem? Consider buying high protein cat food with a lot of the cheaper brands they have little protein and are high in carbs, which can also cause other health issues, fresh is sometimes best.  

Eliminating problem areas like change in cleaning products, Omega3 Supplements the benefits of fish oil for pets even go beyond skin moisture and conditioning and could also help towards preventing cancer. Dermatrix that includes keratin for skin health also cat shampoos can condition and relief the itching. Flea and tick treatment and worm the cat antibiotics and antifungals and household changes if it is a heat related condition then you may need a humidifier for the room where most of the time is spent. 

Brushing and grooming your cat can help with the oils in their skin. 

If your cat is flaking like a freshly baked pie crust when you pet her, or is constantly scratching an itch with no fleas in sight, you may be wondering: "Does my cat have dry skin?" If it's winter and you live in a cold climate, it is possible your feline friend's skin is getting dried out just like human skin does over the winter. However, if you don't have the weather to blame for your itchy cat, you may need to get to the bottom of what could be causing your cat's scratching.

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Cats putting on Weight after being Sprayed or Neutered and in Pain

When a cat reaches four to six months to stop unwanted pregnancies is best to get your cat sprayed or neutered cost vary depending on the local vets.

Advantages to this is the fact your cat is less of risk getting prostate cancer which is more common in males. Unneutered Toms can have poor grooming habits which results in matted and dirty fur causing skin infection, parasitic skin disease and discomfort. Also increases their risk for development of prostate cancer.

Their behaviour improves and they are more likely to become more affectionate and not likely to fight other cats. Unneutered cats tend to wander and can be aggressive.

This has proven time and time again since people dump cats in our area, one particular cat a ginger long haired tom you could not go near, over several months I gained his trust got him neutered and from living rough he had knotted fur which was causing him great discomfort, ear mites fleas and worms once this was dealt with he became the most loving cat people did not associate him with the aggressive cat they did not believe this was the same animal.

Unfortunately, I did not get him in time he lived six months before dying of heart problems from the cold winters.

Also, this leads to unwanted births in cats and the small mammals suffering because of this leading to many unwanted cats abandoned or in overrun shelters.

In some cases, with females especially if they have had a few litters, there can be swelling around the scrotum, and they can put on weight.

This is because the sex hormones that were produced by your cat’s ovaries can encourage more activity as your cat attempts to find a mate during her cycle. Removing the ovaries, can reduce your cat’s base activity level which can lead to weight gain if her food intake is not strictly limited.

Cats with stomach aches may vomit repeatedly, develop flatulence, abdominal pain, diarrhoea and lose their appetite. Herbal remedies can help, if the cat, or kitten especially becomes dehydrated and sluggish and not interested in his or her surroundings you may need to seek medical advice since they can deteriorate quickly.

Behaviour changes in both females and males are positive they are more contented, and I have found it stops spraying and unfavourable behaviours.

Fresh skinned chicken and boiled rice is usually a good stable diet while cat is recovering.

Cats should be checked for signs of dehydration especially when affected by vomiting and diarrhoea. This can be done by lifting the skin over the shoulder blades if the skin springs back into position promptly, hydration levels are good, if the skin takes a few seconds or remains lifted, the cat may need fluids administered under the skin or into a vein by the veterinarian.

 Always make sure there is plenty of fresh water available.

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Cats Still have Blood in their Stool when Wormed and Flea treatment has been Applied

Fleas can infest they host in species like dogs, cats, rabbit and humans they love the warmth, and an adult flea can live between 14 days to a year in the meantime the female can lay up to 50 eggs in one day amounting to 1500 in a lifetime.

When you vacuum because they emerge themselves so deep into carpets it is hard to remove them, they also have a protective shell and will also cause worms in your animal.

Always keep an eye on your cat, since growths like polyps, cysts and tumours can cause blood in the stool, gastrointestinal disorders like constipation and infections also.

When applying certain treatments fleas can become immune to them this is why on the market there are different strengths, I have many cats and keeping on top of this can be a challenge when a cat is not well, they will bring your attention to the problem by not using their tray and pooing on the carpet, when you manage to get rid of the problem a lot of these issues will disappear.

What is interesting is the old wife’s tales and some of them do work Washing up liquid creating a flea trap place a bowl in the rooms of your house that has the most activity suggested to do at night.

Salt or Baking Soda sprinkle over and leave for a few days before vacuuming and dispose from vacuum cleaner straight away in outside bin.

Deep cleaning carpets with carpet cleaner.

Lemon spray this is also good for wasp stings slice a lemon thinly and add to a pint of water and bring to boil let citrus sit overnight and pour into a spray bottle and spray the infested areas in your home do not soak just dampen may not work on heavy infestation.

Rosemary by making an herbal flea powder place the herb with some rue, wormwood, fennel and peppermint and grind into a powder then sprinkle on carpets furniture etc, the myth is it will repel and prevent them.

Flea Repelling plants can also help like Penny Royal Chrysanthemums Lavender Spearmint

Some other plants can also help, I came across a website which gives a list of plants which are stated below and on the getcatcrazy site some of the herbs are in the medication for cats are worth trying since they can help with eliminating the problem be careful not to overdose.

 

Flea-Repelling Plants

Many of the plants that repel fleas are fragrant herbs. If you have an herb garden, you may already have plants that are protecting against fleas. If not, think about adding these plants to your yard.

Catnip

If you have a cat, this is certainly a plant you want around your house. It will help to keep fleas off your kitty.

Chamomile

Keep other plants calmer, calm yourself and calm down flea activity at the same time with Chamomile.

Citronella

Citronella is best known as a mosquito deterrent, but it also repels fleas.

Chrysanthemums

These beautiful flowers put off a natural chemical called pyrethrum that repels fleas, ticks and other insects.

Eucalyptus

This ornamental tree puts off an aroma that doesn’t appeal to fleas, nor does its waxy leaves.

Fleabane Daisy

As the name suggests, fleas really don’t like this cute flower. The plant is also sometimes called Pennyroyal.

Fleawort

Fleawort has long been thought to repel fleas even though the plant’s seeds look similar to the insect.

Lavender

Beautiful, fragrant and flea repelling – what’s not to like about lavender?

Lemon Grass

Getting rid of mosquitoes is just as important as exterminating fleas, and lemon grass will repel both.

Marigolds

This is a multifunctional flower if there ever was one. One of its many benefits is being able to repel fleas.

Mint

The sweet smell of mint attracts humans, but it’s overpowering for fleas. Just about any member of the mint family works to keep them away.

Rosemary

The herb (not Rosemary Bog or Rosemary Pea) is highly effective at repelling fleas.

Rue

Early physicians used to tell people to use a mixture of rue and water around their homes to keep fleas away.

Sage

This plant is the largest member of the mint family and is good for providing coverage over a larger area.

Sweet Bay

This plant is a member of the laurel family and can grow fairly large for widespread flea control.

Tansy Ragwort

Tansy has been used for years to repel fleas, lice and scabies.

Wormwood

Wormwood is an herb that is believed to be a powerful repellent for fleas.

Places to Put Flea-Repelling Plants

Around the Entrances –The front porch and back patio can be dressed up nicely and made more enjoyable when flea-repelling plants are around. Putting plants at the entrance of the home will also help to keep fleas outside where they belong.

Around the Home’s Foundation – Another way to keep fleas out of your home is by putting these plants near the foundation. Just steer clear of any invasive plants in this area.

Around Windows – Fleas can jump up to seven inches high. All it takes is a few jumps to get in windows. Try using window plants full of flea-repelling herbs to keep them out.

Anywhere Your Pet Wanders – Flea’s love using animals as a blood supply. Controlling an infestation is often a matter of keeping fleas off your pets. That’s why you’ll want to add flea-repelling plants to the outdoor areas that you pet frequent most. HOWEVER – never put toxic plants in easy reach of animals. Never put any of the following in places where your dog or cat hangs out:

  • Citronella
  • Eucalyptus
  • Fleawort
  • Pennyroyal/Fleabane
  • Rue
  • Sweet Bay
  • Tansy
  • Wormwood

Put Invasive Species in Pots – Potted plants are great because you can move them around where needed. But they also work well for containing invasive plants like mint.

Planting flea repelling herbs and flowers is a preventative measure, but it isn’t a fool proof solution for keeping insects out of your garden, yard and house. 

Some pest control liquids are poisonous to animals so be careful when using them or engaging someone.

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Cats that are Anxious and Nervous how does Skullcap and Valerian Help?

Skullcap is known among the Cherokee and other Native American tribes as a strong emmenagogue and female medicinal herb it was used as a ceremonial plant to introduce young girls into women hood.

This herb in the 19th Century Anglo American was used as a nerve tonic they recognised that it had a deeper action on the nervous system especially for hysteria, epilepsy, convulsions and serious mental illnesses as well as schizophrenia earning the nickname mad weed.

Skullcap is used for insomnia, anxiety, stroke, and paralysis also for high cholesterol, fever, hardening of the arteries, atherosclerosis, rabies, nervous tension, skin infections, inflammation and spasms and sleeping disorders.

The above parts of the plant are used for medicine.

 How does Skullcap work?

The Chemicals work by preventing swelling and inflammation and acts on the nervous system in a positive way it helps with anxiety levels and treats many ailments.

It has similar properties as Valerian root, it helps with calming down pets who are nervous, it is used as a natural tranquilliser which can relax the nervous system, it is a great remedy for stress and ailments and can be used for joint pain.  Has also been known to improve the blood flow to the brain which can help with strokes.

Valerian has been used a medicine herb since the times of Ancient Greece prescribes as calming tea, it has soothing, calming properties which helps with anxiety and can help with promoting sleep it can help with insomnia and mild anxiety the formula includes Valerian root extract which is taken from the root of the tall strong scented Valerian plant.

How Does it Work? Acts like a sedative on the brain and nervous system.

 

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Cerebellar Hypoplasia in Cats

I kept seeing this and not knowing much about it, decided to do some research, with this condition the brain has not been developed properly it is a neurological condition meaning an underdeveloped brain at birth, which means the cat or kitten may fall over since this side of the brain which controls balance and co ordinating has not developed properly leaving the cat with unsteady movement known as wobbly cat or kitten.

 

There is no cure for this condition, although they can live happy and normal lives and the condition will not worsen.

 

Because of the lack of balance, a high stepping, prancing gait and falling over.

 

These cats need to be inside, unless they have a secure outside runner where they are safe, they need high sides on litter trays so they can balance, and high bowls they are usually messy eaters, so place mats are often needed.

 

With unsteadiness they are better on carpet rather than other types of flooring, you need to think about them jumping up and make it easier for them with cushions and stools and crash mats near the area they like.

 

These cats are lovable and funny and love attention they are intelligent and need stimulating so toys, scratch posts and objects to amuse them.

 

They require more care than a perfectly normal cat or kitten, they are not in pain, just disadvantaged, they adjust well to their environment and like most cats want to be loved and have attention, sometimes referred to as Bobble-head or Wobbly Cat Syndrome.

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Chemicals that are dangerous to your cats Health around the Home

We do not stop to think about the everyday substances we use and how they can be harmful which can cause illness and unnecessary visits to the vet.

Direct contact with liquid detergents used for washing clothes can be fatal, this can cause caustic burns and fur loss on contact with their paws and legs if they do come into contact quickly wash their paws and fur thoroughly with warm water keep an eye for any signs of skin injury or illness.

Chemical Hazards like ethylene, glycol antifreeze, paint thinner, drain cleaners and pool/spa chemicals are all dangerous.

Antifreeze which is sweet tasting to animals ingesting even the smallest amount can lead to kidney failure and death, do not consider for killing slugs and snails this not only fatal to your cat, dog, also the wildlife, this should be kept safe and out of harm’s way.

 Human Medicines like antidepressants, cancer medicines, cold medicines, diet pills, pain relievers like aspirin ibuprofen vitamins and certain supplements.

Only herbal remedies that are recommended for pets.

Insecticides and chemicals taste especially good to cats and are dangerous.

Rodenticides bait to control rats and mice are also poisonous cats eat the mice and consume the poison also affects bird of prey.

Household cleaners can be toxic to adults and children as well as pets like bleaches, detergents and disinfectants there was thousands of calls related to household cleaners being inhaled by furry friends who became seriously ill with gastrointestinal distress an irritation to the respiratory tract.

Cats lick their paw pads after walking on top of cleaned floors which make them vulnerable to poisoning.

Heavy metal paint chips which contain lead, zinc and mercury including consumer products, linoleum, and lead dust produced when surfaces in older homes are scraped or sanded.

 Garden products like fertiliser and certain garden products.

 Tinsel, thread and dental floss cats love to play with and pounce on if swallowed it can cause severe intestinal damage which could result in surgery, kittens can get caught in mini blinds and hang themselves.

 Treated toilet water chemical cleaners always keep the lid down cat’s love to climb and drink out of the toilet even with fresh water.

Other things to be aware of is rubber bands and plastic bags these can get caught in the neck and chock them and cause intestine damage or suffocate them.

Keep your pet safe.

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Clever Cats How do they Find their way Home

There have been many stories of cats finding their way home when they have been missing for days or even months, it is well known that with dogs they have incredible noses and are known to track things over distances.

I read an article where a cat in Florida was lost in Daytona Beach in 2013, yet the cat travelled 200 miles from its home in Palm Beach when it was separated from its Humans at a rally, the owners assumed the cat was either taken or lost. However, to their amaze two months later the Cat Holly was discovered just a mile from her home, weak and emaciated she had found her way back.

In Australia it was reported an owner of a cat Jessie has moved across the continent, and she did not like it. So, on her way and travelled nearly 2,000 miles back to her old home the new owners found Jessie and contacted her family after further confirmation that Jessie was the cat the new owners kept her since she wanted to be at the home she always knew.

Scientists suspect that cats may have a homing ability, like pigeons, that helps them to find their way back home. Evidence suggests that cats might be able to sense the magnetic fields of the Earth, to help orient themselves properly as they set off to find their way home.

There have only been a few studies done on the subject, which suggest that cats have an incredible ability to orient themselves in the right direction almost immediately after being lost, which suggests a more innate sense of direction beyond other senses.

There are some studies that show that the ears of most mammals contain iron, that may cue them into the magnetic direction in the ground.

Cats have great memories once cats orient themselves in the right direction, they still must be able find their way, cats are keen observers, and they take in a lot of information about their surroundings. They have strong memories containing masses of information that they observe, which can help guide cats back when they get lost.

Evidence also suggests that cats may have the ability to visualise and create a mental map. Studies have been done on rats in mazes showing that they build a mental map of the maze in their heads.

Animals can also use landmarks to orient themselves, much the way we humans do when we are walking or driving around.

Cats have amazing sensory ability with 19 million scent receptive nerve endings in their noses, which is almost four times that of humans.  So, they can follow their noses as a part of their journey, they also hear sounds that are a full two octaves higher In pitch than we are able to hear, so they may be able to orient themselves base on unique ambient sounds that we cannot even perceive.

Cats’ eyes are extremely important, they have a two-hundred-degree peripheral view, compared to our one hundred and eighty degrees, cats eyes are made to see at night, so they take in more information at night or in low light.

They have strong senses as well, along with their other impressive instincts, which helps cats with strong abilities to find their way back home.

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CH in Cats and Kittens?

 There has been a lot of discussion about CH.

So, what is CH?

When a pregnant female cat becomes infected with feline panleukopenia, the virus is passed to her unborn kittens, known as Cerebellar Hypoplasia, sometimes called wobbly cat syndrome, is congenital condition which is anomalies resulting in one or more genetic, infectious, this is neither contagious nor progressive.

With Ch in cats, it does not get worse with age. Cerebellar Hypoplasia occurs when the cerebellum, the part of the brain which controls fine motor skills and coordination is not completely mature at birth.

These cats are likely to live full lives because of their condition they are vulnerable to predators therefore they are in door cats and will require more attention than other cats.

They may have seizure problems if this is the case, you may need medication to control the seizures.

How do cats get affected? Cats can shed the virus in their urine, stool, and nasal secretions, infection occurs when susceptible cats have encounter cats that have these secretions, or even the fleas from infected cats.

Panleukopenia can have a high mortality rate even with aggressive therapy, since this is a virus which will require fluid therapy to correct dehydration and electrolyte abnormalities, antibiotics to fight off secondary bacterial infections controlling vomiting and diarrhoea. Glucose and potassium supplement, antimicrobial, anthelmintic is used for this purpose as well.

Feline panleukopenia is highly contagious, often fatal, viral disease of cats worldwide which affects kittens severely.

How do I treat my kitten or cat? there are some supplements that can help greatly click on the Supplements below.

 Treatment

Chemeyes K supplements

Keepers mix

Purrform complete supplement

Scullcap and Valerian

Pancreatic Enzyme

Which foods are best for my kitten or cat we have suggested some which may help with the health of your cat or kitten click on the food below

Foods

Meat Sausage Chicken

Meat Sausage Duck 

Turkey Heart

 
Came across this article which could be helpful?  

 https://kittycatchronicles.com/home/how-we-help-sophie-with-her-ch/

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Cod Liver Oil for Cats Yes, or No?

Cats’ systems are not the same as ours with a balanced diet of excellent quality food they normally get most of the nutrients they need.

However, from time to time for the condition of their skin and coat, healthy bones and teeth, joint and heart health the essential fatty acids, with vitamins A & D which provides EPA and DHA have a role in maintaining health can help with cholesterol levels, blood pressure linked to cardiovascular health.

Always seek advice especially if your pet is pregnant or lactating or any condition like diabetes or hypoglycaemia not suitable for puppies or kittens, helps with cats that are getting older.

With products for cats, they are made from best fish oil and are purified to remove heavy metals and other contaminants.

Where this can become dangerous for cats with the cheaper products that are designed for human consumption predatory cold-water fish like salmon and tuna which is at the top of the food chain can contain contaminants which become concentrated in their fat. Farmed fish such as salmon are fed a cocktail of chemicals, pesticides, dyes, antibiotics and live-in crowded conditions in polluted water. Some of these can contain sunflower or safflower oils or even worse, GMO soybean oil.

Omega3 are easily oxidized made from rancid with exposure of light, heat, air and moisture they naturally degrade over time and are not only lacking in beneficial properties they are dangerous to consume they contain large amount of inflammation causing free radicals and are known to destroy fat soluble vitamins.

Safest way is to use products that are tested and are from a known quality supplier for pets.

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Common Skin Problems in Cats, how to deal with the Problem?

Cats are very much like us, when there is an itch we will scratch until the itch subsides, with cats they can scratch themselves until they are red raw.

 With excessive scratching and licking the affected areas only exacerbates the problems which can cause secondary bacterial infections to develop, which is a vicious cycle of self-harming.

Skin complaints can consist of lesions, flaky skin, bald patches and angry looking rashes.

So, what causes these problems and what is the right treatment?

There is a range of issues the main one is parasites because of the cycle of fleas from egg to larva to adult and especially if you have a few cats, they keep producing, to be in control of the problem can be a challenge this can cause sores, loss of fur, swelling of the skin and scabs especially around the tail and back part of the cat, an unpleasant allergic reaction flea allergy dermatitis.

Ear mites which can cause redness around the ears, often you will get black discharge so checking the ears for this and treating and keeping them clean. One of the symptoms includes brownish wax like material that appears within the ears, this can become quite serious and cause bacterial infection if left untreated.

Allergies to food and washing powders can cause issues like chicken, beef, corn, wheat and soya, seafood, with the cheaper brands they may not obtain the necessary proteins this can cause skin problems and make itching worse mainly around neck and head area.  

Ringworm, also known as dermatophytosis, this is a fungal infection very common in cats, infects the superficial layers of the skin and nails. Microsporum canis is the most common and this can be transmitted between cats, dogs and people.

The lesions may be difficult to detect in cats, the skin may appear scaly and have round thickened patches of skin with hair loss. Patchy hair loss is common, mainly on the head, chest, along the back of the forelegs, the lesions are not usually itchy. All bedding, combs and bowls need to be cleaned thoroughly.

Environmental Allergies such as dust, mold, grass, pollen or even other animals, affected cats will rub their face, scratch their ears and under their armpits, and may over groom themselves resulting in a patchy appearance as they chew off their fur.

Bacterial Infections which is Pyoderma infection of the skin, is a common secondary condition in cats, a cat who is itching and grooming due to parasites, fungus, allergies can cause trauma to the skin, which allows the bacteria in the environment to take over and create a secondary infection.

Fur loss, peeling layers of skin, small pustules or spreading reddened lesions, which can reoccur.

Feline Acne is small blackheads on their chin and is contagious they are also called comedones, accumulate on the chin of affected cats this can affect any cat, any age, cause itching and hair loss in the affected regions. 

A shiny healthy skin are good reflections of one’s health from time-to-time good quality cat supplements can help with maintaining health, also to worm and flea regularly and use good quality creams and shampoos made for cats.

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Constipation in Cats   

Cats and dogs are like us they need a balanced gut microbiome which is the ecosystem located in the pet’s digestive tract, which contains billions of microbes and other microorganisms including desirable and undesirable bacteria unique to each pet. By using nutrition to balance the pet’s gut microbiome you can influence the transition between acute or chronic disease and health, think of this as the pet’s microbiome as a mini ecosystem that plays a significant role in balancing not only a pets’ digestive health but their overall wellbeing.

The reason many cats become constipated is because of an intestinal blockage, stress not enough exercise, not enough water, arthritis or a tumour or something else symptoms include straining to defecate, tiny or hard faeces and sometimes not going for days.

Quality of food, age or health condition, gene markers and metabolism a lot of domestic cats may not move much and eat too much.

Therefore, feeding the recommendation of the supplier is crucial a lot of constipation in common cats can be treated with simple home treatments.

So, what do you need to know?

If your cat is having difficulty in pooping about every 24-36 hours or less frequently a having some difficulty, then your cat may be constipated if this is longer you may need to seek medical advice

Dry hard stools or outside of the litter box, crying or straining in the litter box or going in and out multiple times before using it crying or straining in the litter box or avoiding it altogether other signs of discomfort can be vocalizing or straining when using the litter box

Constipation is really a symptom of other issues, so you may also see signs of the underlying cause. These may include:

  • Nausea
  • Decreased appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Drinking water
  • Peeing more
  • Weight loss
  • Muscle loss
  • Difficulty in jumping up
  • Walking stiffly
  • Hiding

If you are seeing any of these symptoms, with or without constipation, you should discuss them with your cat’s vet.

So, what are the causes? Dehydration, Diet lifestyle modifications and illness like stress anxiety, inflammatory bowel disease allergies nerve problems and even cancer, kidney disease, diabetes, hyperthyroidism raptured or impacted anal sacs.

So, what can be done? Always make sure there is plenty of water available. Fresh food, wet food makes sure the food is good quality wet and dry food if there are preservatives this can affect the health of your cat. Variety of food like fish chicken beef etc can take 8-12 weeks for a diet to work

Encourage exercise with cat toys cat trees window seats to help maintain weight have plenty of trays when there are several cats and keep them clean, cats are clean animals.

From time-to-time cats will benefit from herbal remedies complimenting their diet can make a big difference to their ongoing health.

Some natural remedies are Turmeric, Cats’ Claw, Slippery Elm, Milk Thistle

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Coronavirus and Pets

Since I have so many cats that want to be close to me I decided to some researching to keep my knowledge fresh, I have come across so many horror stories of animals been thrown out of tall buildings, off balconies, dumped and left with very little water and food.

I can only imagine how internally as well as externally how these animals are suffering, how gruel is the world we live in, so I ask myself where did this deadly disease start from?

From looking through a lot of articles the experts tell us coronavirus is believed to be a "wet market" in Wuhan which sold both dead and live animals including fish and birds started in December 2019. These markets pose a high risk of viruses jumping from animals to humans because hygiene standards are difficult to maintain.

Reason being live animals are butchered on site and are densely packed meaning in normal circumstances these species would not cross each other therefore the disease will spread from species to species. Initially it was thought to come from bats and endangered eels with are a delicacy and with other animals like chickens etc this is where cross contamination can occur.

Bats have a host of zoonotic viruses like Ebola, HIV and rabies.

So how does this spread? The coronavirus is airborne which lingers for a longer period which spreads by droplets in air conditioning and ventilation systems. Viruses can be active outside the body for hours even days. The best solution is normal soap because the weakest link is the lipid fatty bilayer, soap dissolves the fat membrane and the virus falls apart like a house of cards and comes inactive.  Other ways of combating the virus is disinfectants, liquids, wipes, gels and creams containing alcohol are all useful at getting rid of them although not as good as normal soap.

The virus spreads easily since the virus spreads via droplets when a person coughs or sneeze the droplets land on surface and are picked up on the hands of others once they touch their face mouth nose or eyes then the virus enters, important to use soap and sanitizing gel. Therefore, it is so important to have at least two meters from an infected person.

From all the articles I have come across only one cat caught the virus from their owner it is unlikely for domestic pets to past onto humans if anything the owner passes onto their pet other animals in the household could get the virus since it is air borne.

There are four common human corona viruses

 229E and OC43 have been recognized as causes of the common cold for many years and cause frequent reinfections throughout life.

NL63 Causes respiratory symptoms

HKU1 Severe respiratory symptoms

So, look after yourselves and your pets they are a living soul that needs you and in return will give a lot of love and affection.

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 Danger Summertime and your Cat

The summer months are great for outdoors BBQ parties and just chilling a lot of people will not even think about the cat.

Cats that are fair can get sun burned so sun lotion on ears and tender parts on very hot days can make a difference to sunburned ears and nose. Cats can also suffer heat stroke they will lie in the sun, sun baking and may become disorientated and act strangely.

This is because they may be suffering heat stroke, cool them down with a cool flannel and put them in a cool shady spot, always make sure they have plenty of water, cats can dehydrate without necessary fluid.

Pools and stagnant water which is likely to become hazardous to health since bacteria and Fungi can grow and is dangerous to animals.

Ticks and fleas do not pinch a tick Grasp the tick as close to the skin as possible with a pair of tweezers. Use tweezers with fine tips, rather than blunt ones, to make sure you can grasp the tick tightly. Don't try this with your fingers. You won't be able to get a good, tight grip on the tick.

Look out for these signs  

  • Excess lethargy
  • Decreased urination
  • Dry gums
  • Refusal to eat
  • Sunken eyes
  • Decreased skin elasticity (Gently pinch your pet's skin near the shoulder up into the shape of a tent; if the skin is slow to snap back, your pet may be dehydrated.)

Animals drinking saltwater can create a problem and make them sick. If travelling a car can get very hot and an animal can perish quickly put cats in proper carriers and do not leave in the car.

Small animals are a tasty meal for a snake, these tend to hide under tin, and shady areas or long grass and any piles of junk.

Bee stings remove with plastic credit card do not squeeze will release the poison and put cold pack on.

Bar be Ques be careful about giving cooked meats on the bone the bone becomes brittle and can splinter choking your pet, also some foods are not suitable for animals.

If you are going to treat them, give them pure meat, and watch them, animals may not realise that an area is hot and can get seriously burnt.
 

Enjoy summer and your pet

Dangers of Algae Water

This is found in water ponds and lakes and any bird baths backyard fountains water pots where water is stagnant if the water is blue green algae this is dangerous to any pet, algae can grow aggressively in nutrient water and fertilizer that runs off into pond from adjacent fields helps the bacteria to thrive. 

 Alternate names: Cyanobacteria, algal, Microcystis, Anabena, Aphanizomenon, cyanotoxin, anatoxin

If suspected after removal from the contaminated water supply affected animals should be placed in a protected area out of direct sunlight. Make sure they have plenty of fresh filtered water and good quality feed. Depending on disposure animals can have a good chance of survival.

What are the symptoms? Because blue green algae can produce two types of toxins, Microcystins an Anatoxins the Microcystins affect the liver and nervous system.

This then severely damage the liver causing organ failure which the body depends on for example the gastrointestinal tract is affected resulting in vomiting, diarrhoea and tarry stool Bloody or tarry stools refer to a stool sample that’s either dark red or black in colour. Bloody or tarry stools can indicate bleeding or other injuries in your gastrointestinal tract. You may also have dark, discoloured bowel movements, when the liver fails the animal becomes jaundiced blood sugar and protein levels stop this is when bleeding occurs. The liver filters toxins and metabolic by products from the body failure means a build-up of toxins that cause disorientation and seizure which can cause symptoms of shock or become comatose, if this failure continues then death is imminent.

Microcystins Symptoms: Diarrhea, Weakness, Lethargy, Lack of appetite, Bleeding, Pale Gums Shock Yellow tint to gums and skin, Seizure, Collapse and Coma, Death

Anatoxins Symptoms: Excessive Salivation, Excessive Tearing, Difficulty Breathing, Blue Discoloration of Skin and mucous membranes, Tremors, Seizures, Muscle Rigidity, Paralysis, Weakness or inability to walk, excessive Salivation, Disorientation, Coma, Death

Treatment: Act fast if serious bag it and seek medical attention, suggested that charcoal slurry cholestyramine, natural liver care.

 Prevention:  Keep bird baths and ponds clean fence off any dangerous areas and treat immediately.

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Diabetes In Cats

Living with so many cats you suddenly realise how similar to ourselves they are, cats that are prone to getting feline diabetes are more likely to be older cats or overweight, obesity makes the cats body less sensitive to the effects of insulin. When a cat is unable to produce enough insulin to balance blood sugar, or glucose levels left untreated can lead to weight loss, loss of appetite, vomiting, dehydration and severe depression, problems with motor function and can lead to coma and even death.

How do cats develop diabetes? It is unknown, although obese cats are the most predisposed to developing this disease. Other factors include chronic pancreatitis, hormonal disorders such as hyperthyroidism and Cushing’s disease when the body makes too much cortisol. Male cats are more prone than females. Cats will lose weight even when they eat well.

So, what are the signs to look for?

Excessive Urination & Thirst. Your cat may be suffering from Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes if they are urinating frequently. ...

Increased Weight Loss & Appetite. ...

Inability to Jump & Loss of Interest. ...

Change in Gait.

Lack of Appetite, Vomiting, Lethargy.

Most important is a good diet a low carbohydrate diet is probably best for cats with diabetes, there are some oral medications, blood and urine tests, physical examinations, and behavioural signals which include weakness and lethargy, shaking, unsteadiness and even convulsions.

Some breeds of cats get diabetes more than others, although a good sound diet with fresh meat and good quality cat food will help with keeping your cat healthy and of less chance of getting diabetes give a good mix of dry foods as well as good quality wet foods. After all, in the wild the cat would catch their meal and get the goodness from the vegetables their prey eats and the raw meat.

 Some herbal treatments

 Astragalus—An anti-inflammatory that strengthens the immune system.

Blueberry—A urinary antiseptic that helps reduce blood sugar levels.

Dandelion—Reduces swelling and inflammation as well as protecting the kidneys and stimulating liver function The life of a cat with diabetes can be shortened due to the fact it can be associated with infections, peripheral nerve disorders and other issues, cats with these problems need good care and still live to be a good age.

If a cat is needing constant treatment this could be as much as £20 to £30 a month for insulin, syringes, and other supplies.

In cats that do not have sufficient levels of insulin, glucose does not reach the cells like it should instead the body starts breaking down fat and protein cells to use for energy, while unused glucose builds up to excessive amounts in the bloodstream. Like ourselves, cats can develop diabetes mellitus which is a disease that occurs when the body can no longer produce or use insulin properly. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, controls the flow of blood sugar called glucose to the body’s cells to provide energy.

Luckily type 1 is rare in cats which needs insulin because the body is no longer capable of producing any insulin, type 2 is where the body cannot produce sufficient amounts of insulin or the organs and tissues have become insulin resistant meaning that they need higher than normal amounts of insulin in order to properly process glucose.

Some Health Implications because diabetes causes the body’s cells to process energy from fat and protein instead of glucose, cats with diabetes will typically lose weight despite displaying healthy appetite. Left untreated other health complications can arise which are dangerous like ketoacidosis which is a serious complication when blood sugar is very high and acidic substances called ketones build up to dangerous levels in the body, this can be fatal.

Other heath complications may include liver disease, bacterial infection, unhealthy skin and coat, and neuropathy which can cause loss of strength and mobility in the hind legs lack of coordination and in some cases can cause convulsions and even coma. Try to get the cat to eat something, also recommend rubbing syrup on her gums.

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Did you know Garlic is Good for Fleas and Fenugreek for Health?

There is a lot of questions about the safety of garlic with cats in fact garlic remedy especially for cats can improve immune function, expel worms, treat parasites, repel fleas and improve pet’s overall health.

Garlic can help with your pet’s diet like blood disorders anaemia and stomach digestive issues helps with treating acute health conditions and promote immune function, kill off parasites detoxify the body, and clean the blood and blood vessels 

Another trick to get rid of fleas is to sprinkle a small amount of garlic powder into the food also helps with other pests another trick is to use thinly slice whole lemon including the peel add to 1 pint of near boiling water and let it steep overnight, the next day sponge the cooled liquid onto your animals’ skin and let dry this homemade tonic used daily for a few days will combat fleas.

Fenugreek has antioxidative effects, this spice helps prevent and reduce damage from oxidative processes that happen from living, too much oxidation can cause disease and premature aging research has shown that fenugreek decreases inflammation helping the body’s natural defences against infections from bacteria, viruses and other invaders.

Areas this can help is with chronic diseases like diabetes and cancer, help with lowering blood sugar and reduce risk of heart disease and cumulative urotoxicity of some chemotherapy agents and protects the kidney.  

 Sunbathing after getting rid of these annoying fleas

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Diseases from Dirty Litter Trays

 Hygiene must be high on the list for yourself and your pet it is just like the bathroom where germs will flourish.

Cats are clean animals and will not want to use a dirty litter tray they will go elsewhere or try and hold it in which could result in urinary tract infections this can cause blockage or kidney failure.

 You are at risk of getting diseases from exposure to a dirty litter box which can transfer from one species to another coming from fungal or bacterial infection and parasite transfer.

When urine and fecal matter accumulate over time in the litter box it produces a toxic ammonia fume that can cause dizziness, headache, pneumonia especially children, pregnant women, and the elderly or those of weak immune systems are more at risk when exposed to ammonia.

Fungal infection that affects cats and humans are ringworm's which is a skin infection caused by fungi and Bacterial infection known as cat scratch disease or bartonellosis that can be transmitted the common symptoms are bumps, blisters, or swollen lymph nodes in the bite area, fatigue, headache, and fever.

Salmonella is a bacteria found in chicken, raw eggs and feces after cleaning always make sure hands are well cleaned thoroughly with antiseptic hand wash, can use disposable gloves for added protection.

Respect your health always keep trays clean wash regularly do not let them build up and clean them with toilet cleaner this cleans and kills the germs if done at least once a week.

I have seventeen cats over the bad weather months they are inside all the time I do not have a cat flap since I do not want to be at risk of unwanted cats spraying. I clean the trays in the morning quite a few times before going out and when I get home.

There are several litter products on the market although the cheaper ones can be hard on the paws and clump together which could cause the cat to stop using the litter tray.

Newspaper can be used and is easy to get all the feces and urine up although you need to clean more regularly.

Lemon is perfect for cleaning and getting rid of stains and ammonia.

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Do Cats have Souls? 

 If you take in what some religions say animals do not have souls and man is king, man may be intelligent and achieve great things although this does not constitute a soul.

I can speak from living with cats I must say they are more giving and passionate and when you look into their loving faces and eyes you can feel their soul, they have emotions, feelings, fear just like us, long memories too.

They may not fear death like some of us do, when my Spot was dying from aids you could feel his love and in a way a soul presence, he showed the same stresses as we do, he knew his time was up when I had to make that final decision.

If the soul is near where the heart is and moves on shortly after death why not animals one night, I felt my cat jump on the bed when there was no cat in the room, I guess when passing the soul and spirit stays where it is wanted and the happy memory of where they were they choose to be, to let us know they are here.

Even if man is made in god’s creation and superior of this land as creatures of the earth, why should the heavens not be full of singing birds and animals of all kinds whose spirits roam within the living giving guidance and a presence of tranquillity knowledge space and travel with no boundaries.

 According to an article on this subject it stated that : Most interpreters of the Bible assume that man’s likeness to God and animals’ subservience to man implies that animals have the "breath of life," nephesh chay in Hebrew (Genesis 1:30),but not an immortal soul in the same sense as man’s.

One thing is definite we will all die some day and when that day comes we will know if animals are with us in the afterlife with a soul which I believe they do have, I feel their being and their unconditional love every day and see how they help people in time of need and seem to understand us better than we understand them, I am convinced they have a soul and spirit.

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Do cats need to have enough fiber? 

Cats are primary carnivores when they eat mice, birds’ small mammals they get the plant fiber from the intestinal tract of their prey. 

These fibers include pectins and gums can act like a gel and draw water into the colon. Fermentable fibers can also be fermented by bacteria in the gut to produce short chain fatty acids which can be utilized by the cells of the colon to help them function. Most pet foods have both which helps with adding moisture to stool and decrease gastrointestinal transit time, which can be beneficial in the case of constipation.

Moderately fermentable fiber sources include brans, soy fibers, soy hulls, and beet pulp, the argument do cats need it, well no if they ate prey which contain these fibers in their stomach which is completely digested, cats thrive on protein and fat

Cats have developed biological and behavioural traits when it comes to prey like their larger counter parts, killing their prey to get the nutrients needed. In fact, in live they report an instance:  The presumably vegan owners of a kitten brought the little guy into the Lort Smith Animal Hospital in July. The kitten was in very bad shape. "It was extremely weak and collapsed when it came in. It was almost non-responsive," according to veterinarian Leanne Pinfold.

As it turns out, the kitty's owners had been feeding him a diet of potatoes, rice milk and pasta, rather than balanced, species-appropriate, meat-based nutrition. Predictably, this ill-advised "vegan" diet had caused the kitten to become critically ill.

On a fiber alone diet cats are known to lose weight, therefore a cat will sometimes require added vitamins and minerals to assist with their wellbeing.

Probotic daily fiber is a way of replenishing vitamins and minerals maintain overall health of the digestive tract if an animal in the case of a fussy eater or having digestive problems.

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Do Cats Prey and Eat Smaller Mammals

Cats are like lions and tigers, they have very similar traits and for survival cats will kill any mammal that is smaller than themselves, cats still have the same survival instinct as they do before they were domestic cats. The most common prey are small birds, mice rats, rabbits, consumed gives them their daily energy requirements throughout a 24-hour period from the food their prey eats. Today a lot kill just for the sport since normally there is enough food to obtain a healthy diet.

Although cats left to their devices from being discarded will also live of bread scraps anything they can get to survive and when homed will continue to want to eat such foods.

Cats can become easily bored of animals they cannot play with or harass; even wild cats will rarely hunt or attack or eat hedgehogs. Hedgehogs keep to themselves cats are less of a threat and usually will leave alone after investigating them.

All cats love to hunt, they do not always kill their prey although because their saliva is poisonous most small mammals will die within 24 hours of being attacked in any way.

Kittens learn to hunt from their mother, hunting is a great skill which needs to be learned first, is taught also through play. Most mammals learn lifetime skills through play and having fun.

In some countries because of cats being left they have found a way to survive and can breed very rapidly killing off many species which around the world many species are dying out completely, this is why it is so important to make sure cats are neutered for their own health reasons as well, in England many people have a lot of cats because we are passionate about our animals and do not want to see any animal suffer so a few pick up from the inconsiderate or unfortunate people.

In certain countries they are poisoning cats to save their wildlife although some of the wildlife will also die a long painful death, when there is too many, they can sometimes affect farm life with diseases.

Cats should have a good quality of life and deserve to be loved and cared for the ones that are, in fact are very lucky others suffer at the hands of fate.

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Do cats see in Colour?

 There has been a misconception that cats can only see in shades of grey, in fact cats see in colour although not the same as us humans. Humans are known as trichromats meaning they have three kinds of cones that allow them to see red, green and blue. Cats are also thought to be trichromats.

Red orange and brown colours appear to fall outside cat’s colour range and are most likely seen as shades of grey and purple, therefore cats appear to see less saturation in colours than humans meaning that colours are not as intense or vibrant. Blue and green appear to be the strongest colours perceived.

So, what are the myths?

Cats and dogs can only see in black and white however scientists have proven this to be a myth, in all animals including humans the perception of colour is determined by the presence of cells in the eye called cone photo receptors.  Cats and dogs have two kinds of cones, which are sensitive to blue and green light, this means they have a useful level of colour vision this depends on the presence and types of cones. Cats and dogs are colour blind us humans see in red, blue and green; cats and dogs only have blue and green cones, their perception of colour is muted in away therefore cats and dogs are not sensitive to red light they have difficulty in distinguishing some colours with behavioural tests in dogs suggest that they can distinguish red from blue, but often confuse red and green, they often perceive green as grey. Cats and dogs have evolved so their sight is designed superbly for night-time hunting. Their eyes have a high density of rods, which are the cells that are sensitive to dim light. This means they can see normally with as little as 15% of light that humans would need, also their pupils’ function much as the aperture of a camera dilating significantly when they need to take in extra light. Cats especially have exceptionally large pupils for their body size and outstanding night-time vision. The myth is cats and dogs can see in pitch darkness; light is still required for the eye to function properly. The skate fish however because it has no cones in the eye can only see black and white.

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 Drinking Water for Cats

I have many cats because of people dumping them or cannot cope with a cat therefore, they are often discarded.

I used to give them tap water I had some problems with blood in poo which I treated for worms and in some cases, it cleared my friend mentioned the vet told him not to give tap water this got me thinking. I stopped giving tap water and only the rainwater water that is collected or bottled water most of my issues cleared up, so I decided to investigate.

According to the water company this is what they have to say:

Around 40% of the water available to us is taken from groundwater sources and 60% from the two surface water sources at Blithfield Reservoir and the River Severn. Blithfield Reservoir is an impoundment reservoir with a capacity of 18 billion litres of water.

Once the water has been cleaned it's stored in huge, covered storage tanks called service reservoirs. ... Water mains are then used to carry this water from service reservoirs to the roads outside your home. From here a water supply pipe connects the water main to your property, flowing into your house and out of your tap.

Groundwater

Deep holes called boreholes collect water from natural underground stores this is a narrow shaft bored in the ground, either vertically or horizontally known as aquifers   

Blithfield Reservoir

A dam across the River Blithe, this collects water directly falling as rain, hail or snow

The River Severn

Water is piped directly from the river and stored in Chelmarsh reservoir

Around 40% of the water is taken from groundwater sources and 60% from the two surface water sources at Blithfield Reservoir and the River Severn.

Each source is carefully managed to make sure that you do not go short of water and that we do not adversely impact the environment.

This water undergoes extensive treatment to ensure it meets strict drinking water standards. Once the water has been cleaned it's stored in huge, covered storage tanks called service reservoirs.

The service reservoirs tend to be on higher ground. Water is pumped up to the service reservoirs, which ensures there's enough pressure to reach the properties the reservoir serves.

Water mains are then used to carry this water from service reservoirs to the roads outside your home.

From here a water supply pipe connects the water main to your property, flowing into your house and out of your tap.

So, why do some vets recommend that hard water is not suitable? This is because high levels of fluoride and chlorine are toxic and can damage kidneys, and cause urinary issues, which can be a possible link between fluoride and cancer, if drinking water has very low levels of fluoride way below toxic levels this may not be too alarming to pet owners.

Some say untreated water is not advisable because of the minerals and other contaminants in unfiltered tap water, the question is to check with your local municipality about the quality of water.

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Drooling in Cats

Some cats drool when they suck on material and knead with their paws at the same time. This is a common behaviour that occurs, and it is thought to be related to kittenhood. Occasionally, a cat will dribble if he has eaten something that induced increased saliva production, in a similar fashion to us eating a lemon.

Normal drooling is usually accompanied by excitement or pleasure in the cat. Abnormal drooling appears suddenly and can last for hours. A cat who has overheated may begin to hypersalivate. Certain diseases, injuries, and viruses can also cause a cat to drool excessively.

Cats are not big droolers. While a little drool is nothing to worry about, a waterfall can be a sign your kitty is sick. Here are some reasons your cat might drool too much, along with suggested treatments. Mouth disease and tooth decay.

A cat that is suddenly drooling excessively requires emergency veterinary care if it persists for any length of time. It is not a normal behaviour and a cause for concern. Prompt medical attention should be given especially if you suspect the ingestion of a foreign body or toxins.

If your cat's drooling occurs constantly, there may be a health problem going on. This is especially the case if the drooling cannot be associated with contentment or food.

Oral and Dental issues can develop issues when undetected can cause extreme illness or pain.1 This pain often causes the cat to salivate excessively. Mouth ulcers, tooth injuries, gum disease, resorptive lesions, and infections are some well-known causes of drooling in cats, therefore cleaning teeth regularly is recommended. Medications like antibiotics may be necessary to address your cat's dental and mouth issues.

A cat that is nauseous or has been vomiting will often drool a lot. Nausea and vomiting in cats may have many causes, such as internal parasites, kidney disease and gastrointestinal conditions. If your cat seems nauseous, is vomiting, or has a poor appetite, it is best to see advice, worming and treating of fleas often can eliminate this issue.

If your cat has something stuck in his mouth, it is likely to cause drooling. like a string or foreign body other possibilities include toy parts and even grass. If you see a string hanging out of your cat's mouth, DO NOT pull it out. The string may be wrapped around something in the stomach or intestines and pulling can cause major damage. Instead, get to the nearest open vet office.

Cats that have licked, chewed on, or ingested a poisonous substance can develop excess salivation. This includes poisonous plants, caustic chemicals, and toxic foods. Some topical toxins, such as pesticides or flea and tick preventatives not meant for cats, can cause drooling as well. If you suspect your cat has been exposed to something toxic, phone for advice straight away.

If you see something else in your cat's mouth, proceed with caution before trying to remove it. Not only can you cause further injury to your cat, but you might also get bitten! It is always best to get to the vet for an oral foreign body.

Injuries to the mouth can often lead to excessive salivation. Cats that have chewed on electrical cords might suffer oral burns that lead to drooling. A cat that has been hit by a car may have a broken jaw that causes drooling. Cats that have oral injuries from cat fights often drool. You may not be able to see evidence of an injury on the outside, but the drooling is a sign that you should see the vet.

If your cat is drooling and you cannot find an obvious normal reason, please contact for advice. Cats are experts at hiding illness They often do not show there is a problem until they feel very sick. When in doubt, do not wait. Check it out.

On contact us is poison help line and numbers for advice.

 

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Dry Cat Food – What you should Know?

There are a lot of brands and suppliers when it comes to cat food, cats are no different to humans if you eat junk, you will get sick and have very little energy and at risk of being overweight. All the senses suffer, and the vets love it they can charge high bills and provide medication for the immediate symptoms.  Which is a knock-on effect. Cats are primary meat eaters they get their goodness from being carnivores they do require protein and greens therefore when purchasing food, cheap is not always the best.

Cats need lots of protein and fat in their diet provide nutrient rich cat food they have a biological need for meat of course they can digest certain plant products in limited amounts, good food will have limited carbohydrates watch out for cat food with corn, wheat or soy ingredients and artificial additives like colours and flavours and artificial preservatives.

When choosing cat food consider the age of the cat and any conditions so you get the best fit, if the food is full of nutrients that is needed your cat will not be so hungry and always make sure there is plenty of water although cats normally will get water from fresh grass and wet foods.

Healthy animals need variety a mixture of good wet and dry food and plenty of water helps with later years and also helps with prevention and illness when buying good well-known brands that are tested and quality checked.

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Dumping of Animals

From what has been happening in our world, my heart is aching when I do articles and research on animals, I come across a lot of horror stories where animals are dumped left to die, have broken legs, eye infections, worms, shot the list goes on, most I viewed luckily a charity of some kind rescued them.

Animals have memories and feelings they are no different to us, the ads on horses and donkeys being treated appallingly, like slaves in this century, they are suffering hurting, yet this is let to happen for the sad individuals to enjoy.

Socks, a cat of mine was left on the streets treated so badly that when I rescued her, she showed love and affection to myself when I was on my own, and swiped at any other animal, this is because she had to fight to survive for every drop of water and food she struggled to get. The only consolation was that for many years she knew she was loved and had everything she needed and came when I called her, her sad memories never left her. I have many cats because I cannot stand the fact they would suffer and the difference in every cat is amazing, they are so loving and so attached they bring so much beauty in my life and can be challenging they are my children.

These animals put up on You Tube and channels are screaming or shaking because they are in pain some eating sand some in the pouring rain with large vehicles driving past ready to hit them and leave them to suffer more, people walking by and not bothering, it is just an animal.

All creatures large or small are valuable, god’s creation, yet we abuse it, these memories do not leave them the unnecessary vet bills to get them well physically and emotionally the ads hit the channels to ask all the sad people to donate, will they? For they do not care, or have someone take them on to love them, or in some cases the charities that are supposed to save them cannot be bothered and put them down.

Can you imagine being a small cat or dog and the person you love, dumps you, it is cold and dark and possibly raining you do not have food you are hungry and thirsty you are alone, frightened, scared waiting for the physical pain to come you remember nothing but hurt and pain then you are put down because you are just a piece a shit, you realise you are nothing, never loved your body ached your heart broken your head hurts with pain.

I sincerely hope those that have no heart that some justice does happen and when they die, they come back onto this earth and whatever they are they get the same treatment and know what suffering they did to another soul, I believe justice should be the same for human beings as animals they have a right to have a good life.

Getcatcrazy hopes to see an end to this and is working in with charities and organisations to change this and stop it right now at this generation because going forward there is no place for cruelty.

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Ear Mites

Ear mites are not necessarily visible they can be seen through a good magnifying otoscope becoming visible against the ear wax in the cat’s ear they will appear black.

Otodectes cynotis known as ear mites are tiny crab like parasites that live in the ear they feed on the ear’s secretions and tissue debris a good sign of ear mite infestation is the presence of a dark wax in the ear a bit like poured dark coffee this dark discharge is really composed by dead tissue and the waste products produced by mites this occurs in kittens and outdoor cats.

It is important to treat ear mites since they can cause damage to the ear drum or make the cat imbalance a sign of this is when a cat shakes its head or constantly rub its ear, they are contagious and can spread from one cat to another.

How to treat your cat? Garlic products is a very good solution, pull your cats ear flap downwards rubbing it if the cat has mites the mites will begin to move put the substance in the ear and rub gently and clean carefully with cotton wool or bud.

Cats will become irritable when affected once this is cleaned the cat will be much happier since their hearing could have been affected.

 

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Easter Time – Catnip for cats

Nepeta cataria which is commonly known as catnip, catswort, and catmint, is a species of the genus Nepeta native to Southern and Eastern Europe  the Middle East Central Asia and parts of China.

So how does this work on Cats, Lions and Tigers, which are exquisitely susceptible to volatile oil found in the stems and leaves of the catnip plant.

You may notice when a cat smells catnip they exhibit several behaviours like rub their heads and body on the herb, or jump, roll around and become very excited and possessive.

Response to catnip is hereditary about 70 to 80 percent of cats will show this behaviour in the plant’s presence.

Cats love catnip over most of their favourite treats most people associate it with cats and not with the fact that for humans it can make a soothing tea for the nerves, and has antispasmodic, astringent, carminative, diaphoretic, nervine, sedative, stimulant, stomachic and tonic properties.

The nepetalactone vapour that the catnip gives off is what the cat is reacting too. When the cat smells catnip, the scent molecules travel to a receptor above the palate in the roof of the mouth known as the Vomeronasal Organ. This organ helps your cat to analyse smell, the same organ is used to analyse the scent of other cats and its environmental surroundings. Cats collect the aroma from the catnip in their mouth, then use their tongue to flick the scent up to the vomeronasal organ.  

All my cats love Easter time when they get their special Easter eggs the house is full of mad cats that are as crazy as their owner.

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Easy Green Powder

Much research has been put in place to do with toxins that enter the animal’s body through air breathed in, foods and water with certain nutrients such as antioxidants may support the flushing out of these toxins with daily energy boost this promotes energy, stamina, mineral replenishment and provide optimal support for the body’s system.

Metabolism support of vitamins B acts as an energizing complex which can assist with weight loss because of the ability to help the body metabolize proteins, fats and carbohydrates this also works with immunity and aging protection has shown to support antioxidant which accommodates healthy aging and immune functions.

The other benefits are stress reduction supporting hormones and vital organs within the body for maximum efficiency.

 

An animal lacking in these vitamins will be fatigue, lack of energy, weight gain with powdered greens this can have many benefits in keeping healthy as mentioned.

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Elderly Cats and Health Problems

I have many cats seventeen in fact, where I live when a cat gets older people do not want them because of health issues and they are left to die.

They wander the streets with their eyes popping out and heads bigger than their body some will turn savage because of the suffering.

Cats unlike dogs can survive, I have known cats to live off bread and scraps they will go under homes and find food where they can, and some will become good hunters they suffer from the elements, and it is tough.

However, an ageing cat does not mean health problems and be discarded like unwanted waste, I have taken many a cat on, in no time they are healthy and very loving.

A lot of the issues with cats is normally diet and treats, a cat is naturally a carnivore, and they need good food like us, they need to be able to exercise and have toys and areas for them to play and run about.

I have found a lot of the issues I have had with the cats is from previous owners feeding them dog meat and biscuits because they now want dogs and not cats or cannot cope with having a few cats, so they get given to people who do not want them.

Cats are very emotional creatures; I love all of them they want my attention and to be stable they need to belong they have become very attached, and you can see the friendships within the pack.

Vitamins and minerals and special treatment to help with some of the ageing cats’ problems, kidney and diabetes is often the main issue and this is mainly due to diet or just age.

The other issue which is with any aged cat is fleas and worms paying attention to your cats helps a lot with keeping in control.

Cats can often suffer a decline in functioning, including their cognitive functioning, which affects more than 55% of cats aged 11 to 15 years and more than 80% of cats aged 16 to 20 years. Their ability to learn, awareness, and sight and hearing perception can all deteriorate in cats this can affect sleep patterns dealing with these problems as they arise and understanding the behaviour patterns.

Most of my cats are now getting on in years, they are all healthy a couple need attention some of the issues have come from emotional trauma and this has affected them health wise as well as fitting in with the others. I pay attention to them on their terms a cat will soon let you know if they do not want to be fussed or have attention this also helps with keeping them healthy.

Very important that all cat trays are kept clean this is how animals catch from each other as well as bedding and their teeth this also causes illness and affects organs.

At night is when cats are more acceptable to danger, I always make every effort to get all my cats in the other day a cat was hit by a car near where I live, it also impresses on them that you care, and they will get used to coming inside.

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Evening Primrose Oil what is the Benefit for Cats

Evening primrose is great for maintenance of heart health and circulation, it also contributes to the maintenance of normal skin and supports the appearance of a cat's coat; the natural oils that are pressed from the seeds of the Evening Primrose Flower which provide rich source of Omega-6 fatty acid known as Gamma Linolenic Acid has a group of important compounds such as prostaglandins which plays a role in maintaining the structure of cell membranes which in a diet the benefit is maintaining the health of skin and coat.

 So, what is Evening Primrose?

The plant grows wild in North America and blooms bright yellow flowers in the evening, hence its name. The oil pressed from the seeds is one of the richest natural sources of Omega 6 fatty acid called gamma linolenic acid referred to as Kings cure-all due to its many healing properties. The body converts the GLA in evening primrose oil into hormone-like substances called prostaglandins, which offer anti-inflammatory benefits helps regulate hormones in the pituitary glands also essential for cell structure nerve function and the elasticity of the skin.

 What are some of the other benefits?

Brain function: it can help reduce risk of common brain disorders such as hyperacidity, helps regulate nerve impulses and diabetes and is a good supply of Vitamin E, which can help with pain.

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 Farting and Cats

In fact, it is natural for a body to pass gas, especially very smelly gas, some farts do not produce odour at all both are typically considered normal.

So, what does cause smelly flatulence?  this can range from harmless to potentially severe and can be several potential causes.

Can be intolerance to certain foods, high fiber in food or if your animal is on certain medications, constipation, or bacteria or infections, the cat may need further worming. Colon Cancer or other health issues like tumours.

Let’s investigate some of the issues.

Food tolerance is a very common cause of bad odour flatulence this includes lactose and gluten intolerance's the body’s inability to break down lactose and gluten causes smelly gas to build up and eventually release.

Can be celiac disease this is an autoimmune disease that causes injuries to the digestive tract this is found in wheat products. Some of the conditions can be weight loss, bloating, diarrhoea, and fatigue change of diet may help.

Medications: One of the more common culprits is antibiotics they can kill off some of the healthful or good bacteria in the digestive tract while they work to destroy an infection. With the removal of good bacteria this causes an imbalance in the digestive tract which leads to producing bad smelling gas this can also lead to uncomfortable bloating and constipation.

Bacteria and Infections: The digestive tract is responsible for breaking down foods into usable nutrients which are absorbed into the blood stream. This produces waste which is passed through the colon.

Digestive tract will rely on several components to work effectively, including its resident good bacteria when this comes imbalanced this can lead to potentially an infection which will cause smelly excessive gas, and can result in pain in the abdomen, diarrhoea, fever, vomiting, fatigue.

Cancer and Tumours: Cancerous polyps or tumours can form blockages that cause gas to build up in the intestine.

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Feral Cats

Cats are one animal that is being a main discussion around the world especially in Australia were they want to erratic all cats on certain islands because they kill of the wild life from reptiles to small mammals and birds, let’s face it they are great hunters, so how did this get so out of hand and according to the farmers they carry two diseases Toxoplasmosis one of the world’s most common parasites, infection usually occurs by eating undercooked contaminated meat, from cat faeces this can affect small mammals and sheep with them losing their pregnancies.

The other is sarcocystis which form cyst in the sheep, a lot of cats are being destroyed and, in some countries, only two cats per household, the issue a lot of birds and small animals are becoming distinct.

In most countries there is no real control, people can let cats breed dump them and let kittens breed, a feral cat will have no contact with humans and learn at an early age. Cats in this environment are subject to feline aids which can spread quickly through saliva. They are most animals’ enemy where a stray will have had some contact from being lost or dumped left to defend for themselves.

As a pet they are the easiest to care for little attention and give a lot of love they are usually playful and easy going. Cats need plenty of protein and do need worming and flea treatment from time to time as well as brushing and cleaning their teeth and are great company and give comfort to those on their own.

An animal that is not cared for has a very hard existence and often suffers from cold conditions frost bite and struggle in the wild, therefore I believe there should be strict rules on breeding and help for people with pets in today’s world this has become an expensive business and the welfare of cats not necessary considered.

When you consider the problems with diseases from unwanted kittens, killing them for meat and fur trade the health issues to humans and other animals are great.

In human society over the past 10,000 years ancient felines hunted crop destroying rats and mice for early farmers, and in return we provided food and protection now a days they become lap sitters and looked after by few.

An unloved cat has a hard time and unfortunately just like people there is too many and is now a real problem which I believe is because of human intervention which a lot of wildlife is now suffering, and some will be distinct for ever, with the imbalance we could be facing a real crisis disease to man.

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Fish and Cats

A cat benefits from varied diet, the odd treat of steamed or poached fish can benefit your cat, with technology today cat treats are carefully done to help balance your cats diet this is done by extracting the best nutrients from the fish adding them to the cat’s food from all types of fish if you were to isolate just one super nutrient it would be fish oil.

Fish is a great source of protein, which means pound to pound it supplies a good amount of protein, it has the right amino acids the components of protein in the ratio needed.

Negative side is with some kinds of fish it can also destroy certain vitamins, so this can be a bit of science.

Studies that scientist have published is the benefits of fish oils are astounding helps with cats having good eyesight and helps with stiff joints and the brain.

The question of balance in the body with respect to these special kinds of fatty acids there are two broad types called omega 6 and omega 3 which is found in particularly oily fish.

Most commercially available fish oils are derived from cold water fish, primarily menhaden salmon and trout. They are rich in Omega 3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

Be aware that your cat requires a varied diet too much is not good for your cat’s health. 

Some interesting facts about fish oil it has the ability to inhibit tumour growth, DHA shrinks tumours by promoting cell differentiation. And with cancer cells differentiate or age their lifespans become predetermined and limits are placed on how many more times an individual cell can divide also helps with coronary artery disease as shown in many studies.

Another factor is diabetes mellitus responds well prevents the decreases in nerve conduction velocity and nerve blood flow associated with this nerve disease of diabetes.

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Fleas and Scabs how to deal with this?

I have several cats this has happened because of people dumping them in our area with sixteen cats this is a battle Princess my small cat has come out in scabs from being allergic, I have found as good as products are they work then do not work.

Garlic and apple cider can help although with the cycle of fleas even when you get this under control It can flare up again and if not sorted can be detrimental to the cat’s health.

Let’s look at the entire cycle from egg to adult flea which is around 12 -22 days when you have humid weather like we have had they thrive and if your neighbour has long grass this can add to the problem.

Therefore approximately 5% of a flea infestation is made up of adult fleas on your pet, and 95% is in your home as egg larvae and pupae.

What are the four stages?

Egg

Larva

Pupa

Adult

Depending on the humidity level the total life cycle will take from couple of weeks to many months optimal conditions for fleas are between 70-85 F and 70 percent humidity.

Flea Eggs begin their life cycle when an adult flea lays eggs following a blood meal from the animal. Blood is necessary for the adult flea to reproduce these eggs which are small white objects slightly smaller than a grain of sand that are laid in the pet’s fur in bunches of about 20. One single female can lay about 40 eggs per day. The eggs will fall off your pet as they move allowing them to be disbursed throughout the environment where your pet spends his or her time. Eggs represent about one half of the entire flea population in the home These eggs take anywhere from two days to two weeks to develop hatching when the environment conditions are right, they do not like cold weather.

Flea Larvae are blind and avoid being out in the light they develop over several weeks by eating pre-digested blood known as flea dirt passed on by adult fleas along with other organic debris. Flea larvae can be up to ¼ inch long and are white almost see through and legless they make up 35 percent of the flea population in favourable conditions they will spin cocoon in about 5-20 days of hatching from their eggs this leads to pupae stage.

 Flea Pupae this counts to about 10 percent of the flea population in a home this cocoon stage is the last development stage before the adult flea emerge, the cocoon protects the pupae for several days or weeks before the adult flea emerges. These can be protected for months and in some cases years.

Cocoons have a sticky outer coating that allows them to hide deep in the carpeting and not be easily removed with light vacuuming or sweeping, the cocoon also serves to protect the developing adults from chemicals. 

 Adult Flea will not emerge until the presence of a potential host which is by vibration rising levels of carbon dioxide and body heat which is triggered by walking by you or your pet moving in the home alerting the flea to emerge from its cocoon to feed.

What to do? Cover your furniture and cat bedding wash them regularly not only vacuum and empty the contents of the vacuum cleaner do a carpet clean and spray use different products.

Comb your cat and wash and dry before treatment, may need to change the flea treatment or use a dip to get rid of them.

Keep an eye on the condition you may need the strongest one from the vet to resolve issue.

Manuka honey is good for treatment of soars and scabs.

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 Flea Treatment – Danger to Cats

February 07, 2022

 I read an article recently of a cat owner giving her cat flea treatment, which was for a dog, it showed the cat having fits, nerve issues it had permethrin in it.

This is very dangerous; the signs of permethrin toxicity are very unpleasant. The chemical affects the cat's nervous system causing tremors/shaking, twitching, oversensitivity to touch and sound, walking as though drunk and, in severe cases, seizures or fits. Less commonly, cats may have trouble breathing and may even become blind.

Unfortunately, there is no antidote to permethrin poisoning. The only treatment is supportive care, but with intensive treatment most cats will recover.

With having so many cats this can be a challenge, with different types and strengths of flea treatment, the fleas can become immune to the treatment and with the cycle of laying eggs and hatching every 6-8 weeks this can be a battle.

What can kill fleas instantly naturally?

So, you ask yourself how to combat this with pets, luckily there are some good natural products and home remedies which are totally safe you could make up or use.

Let’s look at some recommended home remedies for pets and furnishings.

Salt : Much like baking soda, salt is a great natural flea home remedy when accompanied by vacuuming. Salt acts as a dehydration agent, helping to get rid of adult fleas. To treat fleas with this natural remedy, take some salt (finely ground works best) and sprinkle it all over your carpets in each room.

Lemon Juice: Fleas hate citrus products, and mixing lemon juice and water is an effective repellent, but lemon juice can also be used to help kill a current flea infestation. ... Mix 1/4 cup of lemon juice into 2 to 3 cups of shampoo. The lemon juice repels and kills fleas, and the shampoo smothers them.

Vinegar mixed with Water: Creating your flea spray by diluting the vinegar with water, recommend mixing equal parts of vinegar and water, some will recommend mix one part to three parts of water, see what works best for you.

Coconut Oil: 100% natural, human-grade coconut oil acts as an effective flea and tick repellent it repels and kills fleas and ticks on contact eliminating harmful side effects. Since therapeutic coconut oil is non-toxic, free of chemicals and soothing to your pet’s skin.

Citronella, tea tree, peppermint, eucalyptus, rosemary, lemongrass, peppermint, cedarwood and neem are all great essential oils for getting rid of fleas. Add 10 to 20 drops to a spray bottle filled with water and spray on your pet's coat, taking care to avoid their eyes. Also, lavender will help repel or kill fleas naturally.

 

 Summary of Essential Oils that Kill Fleas?

  • Basil Essential Oil.
  • Cedarwood Essential Oil.
  • Clove Essential Oil.
  • Lavender Essential Oil.
  • Lemongrass Essential Oil.
  • Peppermint Essential Oil.
  • Rosemary Essential Oil.
  • Rose Geranium Essential Oil.

 

Natural oil like Tea tree can really help, as well as a good shampoo, from time to time you can assist with supplementing their meals with digestive tablets.

 Click on the links where the word is underlined for the products.

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Good Wholesome Food Cats Love

I found from cooking bolognaise which is enjoyable for myself cats really love, vegetables and a few herbs and sometimes tin of tomatoes or soup cooked then put in a kitchen food processor so it is smooth in texture and a soup then adding mince giving the dish 80% real mince makes a tasty dish and is inexpensive.

The cats eat dishes of it, cats are predators by nature in the wild they eat their prey which the animals have vegetable content in their stomach, and they get the goodness from the kill.

Domestic home cats can suffer from too much yeast and not enough protein if they have some of the cheaper brands which can cause health issues like the saying your cat is as good as what she or he eats.

The only issue if there is always a lot of food about, they can develop hepatic lipidosis which is known as fatty liver, is one of the most common severe feline liver diseases in cats. The liver’s main functions include protein synthesis, this is the production of chemicals necessary for digestion and detoxification of the body. Liver plays and important role in metabolism the emulsification of fats, this stops blood clotting and decomposition of red blood cells.

Therefore, it is important to not to overfeed your cat and give good quality food and make sure there is plenty of water to help the kidneys and avoid dehydration.

Herbs can boost the immune system and enhance the health of skin and eliminate fleas and help their digestion and get rid of worm’s cats will eat grasses it contain nutritional components that are beneficial to their digestive system, outside in the garden some plants eaten can cause cramping, vomiting diarrhea when a small amount of herbs are put in the dish then the cat is getting an required amount and is cooked in with the vegetables.

There are a lot of great herbs like parsley, hydrocotyle, ulgaris borage or yarrow that will boost your cat’s immune system and are very safe helps with digestion and anxiety.

Herbs like dill, peppermint are great for digestion, they are also good for anxiety, and they help with calming also for arthritis and joint problems especially in older animals.

To help with worming fresh thyme, yarrow mix with their food a couple of times a week

Herbs are also great for cats’ skin and fur like thyme, English marigold, chamomile and Gotu Kola if you want to spray onto cat mix in water transfer to a liquid spray bottle and apply to affected area of skin.

Any excessive use of plants will lead to complications when mixed in moderation has many health benefits so enrich your cats live and enhance them with vegetables and herbs and good quality mince.

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Gum Disease in Cat’s

There are several reasons why cat’s gums bleed the most common cause is periodontal disease. Bleeding can also result from a small cut or scratch on the gum. Small objects that become lodged between gum line and a tooth. Growths, such as polyps or tumours and certain illnesses such as liver failure.

Observe if your cat has signs including reddened gums, unpleasant odour to the breath, loose teeth, or the colour like caked in yellowish brown tartar, lumps or bumps on the gums.

Periodontal disease is likely to be the problem which is bacteria build up on the gums and teeth causing dental plaque which is a sticky substance.

Once tartar forms on your pet’s teeth, the bacteria infiltrate the gum and cause inflammation and bleeding. Left untreated, tooth loss and bone deterioration will occur, and the bacteria can enter the bloodstream to adversely affect renal and cardiac health, cancers etc.

The first stage of gum disease gingivitis which is reversible providing the teeth are maintained and cleaned observe if the cat is having difficulty eating this could be a sign of cracked or damaged teeth, is advisable to check your cats’ teeth often.

If your cat is elderly a cat toothbrush could be harsh, and you may have to clean with your fingernails and cat tooth paste if you notice a bluish tinge then it can be a sign of liver problems. Feline Stomatitis is painful and debilitating disease is caused by severe oral inflammation or ulceration. Bad Breath, swollen gums, excessive salivation or drooling problems with eating and possible weight loss as a result. In most cases vets will recommend extraction of most or all the teeth.

Clean your cat’s teeth at least once a month with cat toothpaste since human toothpaste is no good for your cat’s teeth.

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Herbs and Pets

Herbs have been around for thousands of years it is said one of the earliest records of animals being treated with herbs was in the Ayurvedic Nakul Samhita a treatise written between 4500 and 1600 BCE.

With many years of development natural medicine is being used for asthma, arthritis, eczema, constipation, gingivitis etc can help with several conditions in cats and help with well-being.

Cats have been known to retain their natural instincts to self-medicate when they are feeling unwell like eating grass to bring up hair balls.

 Cats can be tricky to medicate they are very sensitive to smell and taste normally glycerine-based tinctures will be more palatable in herbal tablets or capsules containing dried powdered herbs or freeze-dried extracts always follow dosage recommended.

For instance, when a cat has a poor appetite and is suffering from digestive ailments caraway, nettle and dill are effective in treating stomach disorders. Especially good for colic, gas and cramps, and burdock can be used as a laxative.

 Goldenseal has many uses in both topical and oral forms good for treating viruses and immunity issues ease diarrhoea and improve the immune system, when used externally is effective for minor lesions and has been used to treat eye conditions.

Cranberry is a well-known natural treatment for urinary tract conditions.

Parsley and red clover are both good for discouraging tumour growth also useful for cancer treatment, parsley is also effective for swollen glands, indigestion, asthma and coughs as well as lung, stomach, bladder and kidney conditions.

Sage and various herbs if a cat nibbles on them they will usually be fine and can help although if they eat a lot then they can suffer with stomach problems and diarrhoea there has been intensive research  done on herbs and the safest way for use a well-known brand and recommended source for animals is the best way to be sure,  since the dosage is correct and is labelled for the cause it is meant for to keep a happy healthy cat.

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Hernia in Cats 

What causes Hernia in cats? It is more common in females particularly pregnant females this is a condition in which the abdominal contents protrude through the inguinal canal or inguinal ring, an opening occurs in the muscle wall in the groin area.

Females are more likely to suffer this than male cats.

How does this happen? A hernia occurs when one part of the body protrudes through a gap or opening into another part of the body, a hiatal hernia takes place at the opening of the diaphragm where the food pipe joins the stomach.

Part of the stomach pushes through the opening this is when a hernia is formed this can occur at any age can be inherited or through trauma.

What are the Symptoms? Your cat could become anorexia, regurgitation of food, coughing, vomiting, even weight loss, excessive salivation and shortness of breath.

What causes this? Can be inherited or acquired by secondary to trauma or an increased effort to inhale. The lower esophageal sphincter slides into the thoracic cavity allows gastric reflux into the esophagus which is commonly known as the food pipe or gullet which is an organ that vertebrates through which food passes, aided by wave like movements pushing the food from the pharynx to the stomach.

If a vet diagnosis hiatal hernia it will be based on examination and may be from the following

Foreign body in the esophagus, abnormal tissue growth, enlargement of the lower esophagus, inflammation of the stomach, abnormal tissue growth in the stomach, foreign body in the digestive tract or protrusion of the stomach.

There are different types of hernia and like us it can be very painful and life threatening, a hernia is described as a bulge or protrusion of an organ in your cat through the structure or muscle that contains it.

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Horror Stories – Cats

I felt I should write about this, since into day society this is one area that is sometimes overlooked, we see the murder series and how a person suffers at the hands of a killer the fear, the anxiety, and in most cases death.

This relates very much to the animal kingdom they have no right to live, I did not set out to have animals it happened by chance a cat not wanted by the person renting a room from me, then animals being dumped and suffering they were skinny, some had green ears from infection, could not walk and heads bigger than their body. Flea ridden past from home to home and would have been put down.

I could not see this happen, I knew that with cat organisations they are over run and at the time some were putting animals down because of the overcrowding and not being able to cope, these animals deserved to live and have a good life, they have feelings, emotions, and memories.

I researched with every cat to work out how to bring them back to good health and in my amazement most did well they have lived good happy lives, what I did notice every one of my cats have made close friends within the group and they look after each other they are very connected and close to myself. They show their love in different ways and I never have time to feel lonely I have a lot of pleasure and at times they show they remember. A small ginger cat hid when the previous owner came around, she was attacked by a dog and this pain and memory stayed with her.

Another cat no one wanted had kittens in the roof of the shop all neighbours got involved the kittens were re homed except for Socks she went from home to home no food or water at times and got whatever she could where she could, a kitten of hers was fed to a dog live and her memory stayed strong she would give me a lot of affection, although hated other cats and would swipe at them eventually she got cancer in one of her eyes and died recently from being knocked over even though we managed to keep it under control, in her life she showed me  the memories and feelings were strong about what happened to her.

I realized how close they are to us in needing love, affection, and reassuring, I feel very lucky to have such love they are truly amazing creatures which I can understand why the Greeks used to worship them.

Sadly, from hours of research I come across a lot of suffering, animals thrown out of tall buildings like garbage or moving vehicles.

Being feed alive to sharks and in cruel animal games, owners never bother to get their animal neutered which is so cruel, by neutering them it is a lot cheaper and less stress, leaving them to breed and breed until they die, and the kittens dumped.

Animals not getting the help they need because of expensive vet bills left to die slowly.

People poisoning them and a slow painful death dying on their own.

Left out in the cold until they get frost bite or frozen to death. This is a living soul with feelings, cruelty should be stamped out and not tolerated in any way across the world and hopefully some species will survive and give pleasure to future generations.

I am so grateful for those organisations that invest the time and effort to give animals a chance, feed them, show them they care, give them a roof over their head, these people are living truly lovely lives of love because the emotional and spiritual wellbeing that comes from loving a pet.

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How do Cats Communicate and Think?

 

Must say cats are smarter than the average bear, cats are very close to humans in many ways when you live with cats you soon realise, they are as unique and have personalities that reflect this.

If you know a little bit about a cat’s history you will soon find that they remember a lot of the past and pick up emotions very quickly, cats’ behaviour is normally because of the environment they live in unlike a dog a cat will roam and go to where they feel happy sometimes, they will disappear and explore after all they are from wild consent.

Cats have feelings and anxieties just like us humans and feel fear in the same way, they may not communicate to us the way we do they often communicate by touch and rubbing against the person or another animal.

Cats will show disapproval with the odd swipe and small growl to get their point across, they are very intelligent and observation skills are very apparent.

Cats communicate with murmurs, high pitch meowing, meow, or through touch.

They understand our communication very well and can carry out an instruction, depending on the breed, colour etc they can be very mischievous and can work out how to open packages and get what they want, for example I had a Christmas present they opened the box, wrapping and contents and ate part of it by the time I got home.

They are clever they can open doors and windows the pure breeds show higher intelligence, they are opportunist with excellent smell and hearing they can pounce on their prey quickly or pinch that packet of meat without you knowing.

They can sum up a person in no time and know who to go to and who to annoy.

They can take in images and remember things; never underestimate a cat you can be easily fooled.

Cats mainly want to belong and know they are loved this is very important to them.

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How do cats cry?

I noticed people asking do their cats cry and how they can tell if they are in pain, cats will hide their distress and signs of pain if they can, cats in the wild are at high risk of further injury therefore instinct kicks in.

Cats do not show tears as such, they will make a small whine or whimper and sometimes you must really listen. This is a cat crying in pain or experiencing strong emotions they will hide in closets or hide away, a cat will know if they are dying and will often not want their owner to know and will often stray and chose to die elsewhere.

Cats will try and heal themselves with the vibration on purring this is a way of self-soothing in cats if your cat is showing other signs or symptoms of being unwell and is purring unprovoked it may be that they are in pain.

If their tummy hurts or they have arthritic joints or are injured, they vocalize, cat with systemic medical problems like thyroid disease or kidney malfunction often associated with high blood pressure may howl.

When a cat is unwell you will notice their appetite reduced, lethargy, decreased interest in positive things like playing, social interaction and exploring. Withdrawn and hiding away, appearing lame, and experiencing increased sensitivity to touch in specific areas of their body. Reduction in movement and activity, major loss in weight.

Main Symptoms to look out for if you suspect your cat is hurt internally?

  1. Distended abdomen.
  2. Bruising of the ventral abdomen.
  3. Inability to get up.
  4. Visible wounds.
  5. Broken bones.
  6. Limping.
  7. Weakness.
  8. Difficulty breathing.

Cats when they are not feeling well will sometimes be very vocal and meow a lot at you it is their way of telling you something is wrong or become very timid.

Changes in the way they behave can be early signs there is something wrong especially if bleeding continues after worming and flea treatment, in some treatments they can have side affects depending on what is in the medication.

Cats do tend to lick themselves in all areas also look out for thin patches of fur this can be another sign.

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How Do Cats Show Affection?

Having so many cats, they show affection in different ways they get jealous and do want attention when they want it, they are very affectionate and loving.

My friend's cat show affection by biting her hair and nudging her, at times for appreciation they will bring home birds and mice, unfortunately if a cat has had a small animal and it is still alive the cat’s saliva from the cat is fatal and they will pick up temporarily with no antidote the outcome is fatal.

A headbutt from a cat is an indication of their affection towards you; it is like giving you a hug I love you.

Playful, nibbling and foot pushing in a playful mood show trust. Sandy loves to roll around and kick her feet when changing of a bed or table and show her affection with helping with the housework.

Kneading you shows the comfort of being with mother and is a way of showing their love and affection; also, they are showing you they are secure.

Flipping of the tail shows their happiness and love.

Making eye contact shows being close.

My cat Pepsi she loves to roll around on her back showing her tummy with her paws in the air wanting affection and only enough otherwise you will be greeted with a bite. Eventually by rolling around on her tummy she is showing she is defensive in case of attack a sign of trust not a care in the world.

Following you where you go; Molly has followed myself to the shops this is because they trust you and love you and want to know where you are or walking in between your feet tripping you up because they want to be close.

Choosing to sleep with you; they love to sleep above the head or under the arm or cuddled up, the closeness to you showing their love or licking your ears and hands.

Little meows: talking to you, cats have different tones in their meows to communicate with you.

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How do Cat’s get Conjunctivitis?

Conjunctivitis is easily passed from cat to cat so it is possible that cats coming in touch with an affected cat will also get the condition, especially in a multi cat household.

Conjunctivitis is generally viral in origin and can be caused by the presence of feline herpes virus in the affected cat or other viral infections. If a cat has a compromised immune system or regular contact with other cats that are prone to viral infections can lead to developing this condition which is referred to as “pink eye”, due to the sore and irritated appearance simply it is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, or the outer layer of the eye.

In some cases, conjunctivitis is bacterial rather than viral which can be caused by irritation such as a foreign body within the eye, or by external allergen or allergic reaction or respiratory tract infection such as coughs and colds, can also be from allergies like grass and pollen, smoke, or chemicals.

Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the moist tissues in a cat’s eye which are the portions of the eye located near the globe and up to the edge of the cornea the front part of the eye which can discharge fluid and other uncomfortable symptoms such as persistent squinting, regular and excessive blinking, eye discharge, redness of the eye tissue, fluid build-up in the eye or upper respiratory infection.

Treatment for Conjunctivitis salty warm water can help with bathing the eye a few times a day and eye lotion for cats to kill off the bacteria.

How to Reduce the Risks? You can make sure your cat is vaccinated against the main transmissible feline conditions such as feline influenza, if a cat is affected isolate from the rest of the cats. If you discover a cat is sensitive to certain food ingredients limit and change diet. Cat antibiotics may need to be considered if all else fails usually the eye will clear up within a week.

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 How Far do Cats Roam?

Studies taken out on cats they found they had wandered approximately 100 meters from their home with a tracker fitted on one cat he travelled eight acres in a twenty-four hour period.

Cats have been known to travel around the neighbourhood to as far as three to four blocks away from their home.

National Geographic and other organisations have put trackers on and found that cats do like to roam and will travel distances these are well looked after pets.

I have found when cats are unwanted and dumped to survive the feral cats will travel much greater distances, a tom cat was seen in many streets did many blocks looking for food where he could get a meal or two, he constantly did his rounds.

I have many cats from being dumped after having them neutered and providing them with food and care they have not ventured as far as they used to, they stay close to the garden and only travel to one or two homes.

Cats can get into or under cars and end up travelling miles we have had a few cats returned to their rightful owners that live ten or more miles away which was located through Facebook.

Cats have been known to travel for hundreds of miles to get back to their original home they have a great sense of direction.

Cats like to roam and jump over fences it is important on the darker evenings for this reason to try and get cats in at night for their safety.

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How Important is Love to Your Cat?

I always see this as one of the most important conditions in life, think of a small kitten scared in the big world hungry scared and frightened to death, feeling worthless and in some countries and towns just garbage, to be poisoned, hissed away, hosed, soaked in oil and frozen in winter and left to turn savage and do you blame them, because of appearance if they dare try to survive they are treated so badly.

Do cats really feel this? I saved Ginger Megs his fur was matted and knotted to his skin, he had fleas and worms also mites in his ears, no one wanted him, and all looked at him as a nasty cat, it took almost six months to gain his trust, I washed himbrushed him, flea and wormed him took the mites out of his ears got him neutered and chipped.  My neighbour did not recognise him and could not believe this was the same cat, unfortunately he lived through the colder months and I only had six months with him, he died of a heart attack, he was so affectionate and wanted to be close to me, he purred a lot and was a wonderful and beautiful cat, he gave me a lot of pleasure, because he feel ill on the Sunday the vets insisted if I did not have the money they would not do anything for him, I had to pay three times the price and they put him down because they said it would cost thousands with test and they could not guarantee he would get through the night, the only grace, Ginger Megs did not die alone and knew he was treasured.

What a lot of people do not know is cats are good for health its scientific evidence that a cat’s purr can calm people’s nervous system and lower blood pressure. Improve cardiovascular health and has been reported that cat owners have a lower risk for heart disease and stroke and prevents allergies.

Cats really need love and feel love quite strongly for their owners and companions, I have saved many cats over the years they become friends and connected to each other and are very connected to myself and demand my attention in different ways, every cat I save changes dramatically they are fun, naughty and very loving, I can understand why people prefer animals to people they are faithful, passionate loving and give deep full admiration and want to be with you a loyal companion in many ways.

Cats will choose someone as their favourite they are drawn to one person they give unconditional love they want to play, stroking and chat in their own way.

 

Can you ever imagine never being thought of and dying without being cared for and loved and having no quality of life, this is the reason I set up Getcatcrazy, because I believe all lives matter.

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How to Care for Senior Cats?

In the Guinness World Records it is reported a cat has lived to the ripe age of 38 years and 3 days, born 3rd August 1967, died 6th August 2005.

Once a cat gets to 7-10 years of age, they are considered seniors; with increasing age it is important to consider their diet, so they stay healthy and the need to visit the vet for poor health is limited.

It has been reported that around 90% of cats over the age of 12 can suffer from arthritis; cod liver oil in their diet can help with keeping them subtle.

The other area is of course teeth with tartar build up this can cause gum disease and tooth decay so clean their teeth regularly, I have sixteen cats, from one year to 18 years old; every two to three weeks I clean their teeth with animal toothpaste and animal tooth brush the human version of dental care is not suitable for cats and dogs. I find my cats do not grind their teeth and they all have good teeth and gums; this certainly helps with eliminating tooth decay, with dental problems this can result in weight loss, kidney, thyroid, liver, and heart disease.

Some cats can become inactive and put on weight which could lead to sugar diabetes especially if you are feeding them cheap brands of food which are not full of protein and mainly meat products, since they are carnivores.

Always prevention better than cure since vet bills can add up very quickly.

Since cats require protein avoid mainly vegetarian food and feed them fresh fish and meat as well as good quality biscuits and tin food. They require nutrients such as taurine and arachidonic acid that are only found in animal sources.

Supplements such as glucosamine and chondroitin are beneficial for senior cats; consider diets lower in sodium. Feeding your cat with the nutrients needed can help with eliminating diseases in your cat.

Of course, allowing cats to be able to run up and down stairs and run around to keep their joints and muscles in good condition and play is also an important part.

Have clean litter boxes and food and drink accessible for them, that is easy for them to get to on the ground floor.  

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 How to Choose the Correct Carrier?

A carrier should be strong and sturdy and easy for you to get your cat in and out when you put bedding in, they should be able to stand up and turn around and have enough room to spread out, this is important not only for comfort but also to avoid any stress or cramp their body.

Should be easy to clean and the cat should be able to see out with ease, also consider weight since when the cat is inside this will add to carrying the cat.

Should be secure and have strong clips to fasten this is important especially when travelling or taking a cat from A to B.

Easy access from the front of the carrier and be able to put cat in and out from the top of the carrier, consider your cats feelings put familiar bedding treats and toys and get her used to the carrier before she must travel.

It is important that your cat is at ease since cats can feel threatened when this happens, they will wet themselves through fear.

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 How to Deal with Cat Allergies

People that suffer certain allergies like Asthma and hay fever, immunology fear allergic reactions, one of the hard issues is being able to deal with allergies and owning a cat when you are sneezing and having watery eyes.

So, what causes the Allergies? People with cat allergies have oversensitive immune systems their bodies mistake harmless things like cat dander for dangerous invaders and attack them as if they are bacteria or viruses which is a side effect symptom of the allergy or trigger.

What causes the allergy is the cat protein called Fel d emanating from sebum found in the sebaceous glands of cats the protein attaches itself to dried skin, called dander, that flakes of and floats through the air when cats wash themselves.

You can purchase special covers that are designed to prevent allergies from penetrating onto your mattress and pillows, this can take time though and may not work immediately.

Brush your cat outside to prevent loose allergen carrying hair from dispersing into the home wear gloves if need be.

Do not touch your eyes unless you have washed your hands

Steam clean carpets

Use Petal Cleanse a special product with a lotion composed of cleansers and moisturisers which removes dander saliva and urine form the coat of your cat and wash your cat.

Have a vacuum cleaner which is especially designed for pets since vacuuming can throw as many allergens in the air as it removes.

Air your home so you get fresh air through the home

Keep litter boxes clean

Wash your bedding regularly

If you build up a resistance and take any medication needed you will find you will more than likely be able to enjoy your furry friend and have a great bonding and friendship.

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How to Keep your Pet Fit and Virus Free!!

The immune system in all organisms aims to protect the body from different threats such as diseases and infections which keeps them alive a system that works all the time and is responsible for preventing aggressors from entering the body and establishing the barriers, this is a complex network of highly specialized tissues, organs, cells, chemical messengers, and hormones.

The lymph system and lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, and thymus gland all play a role, as do white blood cells, antibodies, and complement proteins.

There are several natural based complementary products that contribute to the reinforcement of the pet’s immune system. 

When you see a happy, strong, with good muscle composition, with excellent growth performance, excellent reproductive performance and good mood and exercise is a sign the animal has a good immune system.

High percentage of the organs are associated with the immune system of animals which are associated with the digestive system or the digestive tract.

When you discover an animal displays unusual behaviour becomes low in height or low weight this is a sign the health is deteriorating, with diseases or severe conditions, problems occur through exposure, illness, or vaccination. The immune system develops a memory of each disease it fights and can quickly recognize and defend against an organism causing disease to its host.

Symptoms of a weakened immune system include skin infections, recurring parasitic infections, and initially mild infections or illnesses that progress into serious health issues because the body cannot sufficiently defend itself. For cats, frequent eye or upper respiratory infections are also indicative of a weak immune system.

Having a good diet is important to help with fighting bacteria, a virus or a parasite pet’s immune system is the host’s way of defence and prevention against such invasion, many people wait until their animal has a serious or chronic illness such as cancer, kidney disease or allergies to finally change the diet. Of course, prevention is much kinder and immeasurably more effective.

Pets need a varied diet that includes as much fresh food as possible as well as dry and good quality tin food, an initial investment in good quality food will end up saving a bundle in vet bills for preventable, nutrition related diseases down the road.

One of the benefits of a healthy diet is a healthy gastrointestinal tract. If the digestive tract is stressed by inflammation from allergies or inflammatory bowel disease or other digestive disorders, the nutrients in even a healthy diet are harder to process and absorb.

Healing and maintaining the digestive tract are vital to overall health.

Exercise and stress-free environments are important to maintaining a strong body and immune system. Moderate exercise will help weight control.

Daily vitamins and supplements can help greatly with keeping your pet healthy.

Areas to consider: Feed a minimally processed diet, consider adding supplements, minimize vaccinations, avoid chemical flea treatments, limit exposure to toxic chemicals in your animal’s environment, avoid overuse of steroids and antibiotics. Vitamin C supplementation in dogs and cats is also relatively safe.

Click on links to take to products

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How to Give Your Cat Medication

Cats are intelligent creatures if you think you can get one over them and put in their food think again often enough, they can tell their sense of smell is much better than ours and they can usually detect something is different.

I feel after being a proud mother of seventeen cats and getting around every one of them I have learnt some techniques.

A mother cat will carry her kitten by the scruff of the neck, since this is the best way of controlling her baby, just the same with older cats if you can control a cat easily by the neck hold the skin firmly so the head is back you can use a spoon or syringe and put the liquid against the teeth when the mouth opens tip the solution in.

Some cats are easy than others if you have some disposable gloves put the tablet in between two fingers and put down the very back of the throat and rub the neck so the tablet goes down.

A tablet holder can also be used which you put in the mouth and push the tablet in before the cat knows it the tablets are down the throat.

With very difficult cats you may need to wrap the cat around with a towel to hold it still like a straight jacket again hold the scruff of the neck and put the substance against the teeth to get into the mouth.

Remember not to tilt the head right back keep the cat in normal position so they can swallow naturally you do not want to choke the cat.

Always follow instructions if you must give medication a couple of times in the day then best to keep cat inside over this period and change the time slightly cats will be aware of when you are going to give medication and will hide and make themselves scarce.

Cats can become agitated and difficult stop and stroke the cat calm them then give it another go once you have medicated the cat then let the cat go, if you leave the cat and try and go back this will be more difficult sometimes you have to patience of a saint.

Cats are easier than most animals because you can control them by the scruff of the neck and do not forget to give them some reassurance and love, so they know you are really taking care of them.

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How to Keep Cats Away from Your Garden

With animals being dumped regularly this is a problem to bird owners and people who do not want cats in their garden who wants their children playing in a litter tray or loved new plants dug up.

Under the Animal Welfare Act 2006 and the Scottish and Northern Irish equivalents all cats are protected from harm therefore harming an animal is an offence under the animal welfare legislation so care needs to be taken.

There are few things you can consider cat’s do not like water if you hose them a few times they will get the message and keep away do not aim at eyes and defiantly no high pressure this can injure a cat and is gruel.

You can implement an automatic garden spray, triggered by an infrared movement detector.

Cats do not like citrus or pepper when digging so this can be a deterrent.

Make sure all lids on bins are secure cats are scavengers they will go through any food scraps any chicken bones etc will splinter and injure a cat.

If you feed a cat, then it will welcome itself around your home as an invitation and will probably thank you with its deposits.

When cultivating shrubs closely to reduce places for cats to dig and consider what ground cover like small stones chipping and small rocks which is difficult for them to dig.

You can spread chicken manure around beds and borders, using Soil Association approved pellets rather than fresh manure

Lion dung infused pellets, coleus canina and crushed egg shells are sometimes successful at deterring cats from flower beds and pots.

Cats do not like strong smelling plants with aviaries and birds make sure all cages are secure a cat can hear for many miles and have a great sense of smell.

Decking and fencing should be treated so cats do not scratch the fencing and decking.

Block any access points to shelter this makes it less attractive to any stray cats that might be passing by fence off any areas below porch or decking area, make sure any holes or narrow gaps in your house or garage are sealed up.

On the market there are cat repellents that can be useful or scare cat products that can be effective.

 A few tips on a cat free zone enjoy your garden.

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How to Solve Biting in Cats

Cats bite for a reason they are like children, they have their limits and if you push them too far or go beyond the attention, they need they will bite.

Cats become stimulated with five minutes of petting and stroking, then stop, if a cat feels threatened, they will naturally try to defend themselves, if you push them over the edge, they will bite you. Watch your cat and notice their body language for irritation. Usually, their ears will flatten they will stair and their tail will start to flick.

When a cat has had enough, they will use their claws or teeth this is a way to tell you to stop.

Training a cat is best from kittenhood, with older cats it takes patience enticing a cat to play gentle game of play fighting, praise your cat, tone down the play if the cat gets rough and play dead. This usually causes a cat to calm down and retract its claws.

 Cats need to play and be able to pounce a squeaky mouse I find is a good way to excite them and gives them plenty of pleasure and a way to get their teeth and claws into the toy.

 Cats are predators’ cats will always have the instinct to hunt there are inexpensive toys to excite them. If cats can play their aggression usually goes, they tend to sleep a lot which helps a lot with their behaviour sometimes biting and playful clawing shows their affection towards you.

Kittens’ teeth between three to eight months this is when they have the strongest urge to bite, so give them chewable toys they are just like babies.

Getting cats neutered when they are old enough helps with aggressive behaviour which calms them down. Hormones can be raging especially males they are highly territorial.  Loneliness can also be a reason or boredom if they are left on their own a lot, they need attention, friendship and sometimes a buddy.

Sometimes they can be aggressive because they have been betrayed and feel insecure or had bad memories from their past this means you need to give just the right attention and not force yourself onto the cat, you earn a cat’s respect and love this is through taking good care of them, cats know when they are loved and show their affection in return, so be patient.

They will let you know if they need a clean litter tray and will often snuggle up against you.

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How to Treat Pain in Animals

Animals feel pain the same as we do; they have the same aches and pains, they share the same physiological structures, treating pain helps with the healing process, and pain interferes with sleep and depresses the immune system.

Pain control is never a one size fits all and can be used along with other medication to relieve extreme pain in animals seek advice.

Green relief from green plants and their seeds helps with natural anti-inflammatories which have pain relieving properties.

Vet Street has noted in their documentation: Because of this, many nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be dangerous to cats even at low doses. Many of these drugs cause ulceration of the gastrointestinal tract, kidney damage or liver damage in cats. Signs of toxicity may include abdominal pain, white gums, blood or digested blood (which looks black and tarry) in the stools, vomiting, lethargy, poor coordination and stupor. If you notice any of these symptoms, your cat should be rushed to the veterinarian, who can provide more advanced treatment.   

SIGNS YOUR CAT IS IN PAIN

Cats in pain may:

  • Hide
  • Sit hunched up without moving
  • Have little interest in people, other cats, activities or eating
  • Groom less often or concentrate their grooming in one painful area
  • Purr
  • Vocalize
  • Become restless
  • Become aggressive
  • Soil in the house

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Hyperthyroidism What are the signs?

Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid glands in the neck develop abnormal tissue and produce too much thyroid hormone, causing bodily functions to speed up. The underlying cause is unknown but in rare cases cancer can cause the condition.

Therefore, most common glandular disorder in cats is the cause of excessive concentration of circulating thyroxine -a thyroid hormone better known as T4 in the bloodstream.   

When the thyroid glands don’t produce enough hormone or known as an underactive thyroid.  As a naturally occurring condition, this is very uncommon in cats.

The signs are Weight loss and increased appetite, excessive thirst, increased urination, high blood pressure, rapid heart rate, not using litter trays, hyperactivity, unkempt appearance, panting, diarrhoea, vomiting and increased shedding. About 50% of cats with this condition will be affected with vomiting this is as a result on the effect of increased T4 levels on various organ systems. This is when there is more T4 in the body than T3 that is the active hormone, a thyroid hormone has four iodine units which is used by the thyroid in production of thyroid hormone and is ingested through the foods eaten.

Any breed of cat can be affected usually cats 10 years or older around 12 and 13 years less than 6% will be younger cats.

Since there can be several common diseases in older cats like diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, intestinal cancer, and chronic kidney failure share some of the clinical signs of hyperthyroidism.

So, what does this mean? Hyperthyroidism is when too much hormone is being produced by your cat’s thyroid glands

Why is it so important to treat hyperthyroidism? Cats with this condition have a reduced quality of life if left untreated the condition can result in heart failure, blindness, or death.

Some suggestions are stinging and dwarf nettle, bugleweed, kelp avoid salmon, seafood, and tinned packed cat food. Provide raw Beef and poultry diet.

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Importance of Minerals

Often enough in today’s food supplies animals can lack the goodness needed, minerals play an important part mineral deficiency can result from poor weight grain, poor feed efficiency and poor reproductive traits which can lead to a range of health problems and fatality.

Cats can suffer from allergies, have dull and unhealthy-looking coat, lose or gain weight abnormally, have low energy is tired all the time, suffer from gastrointestinal disturbance, irritable and stressed.

 Animals are instinctively selective about the types of minerals they elect to eat; cats will eat grass if they have too much acid.

There are six classes of essential nutrients, water, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, and vitamins. An animal needs protein to grow new tissue and repair old tissue.

Protein deficiency is the most common nutrient deficiency therefore at times it is advisable to top up on minerals and vitamins, mineral is an inorganic element found in small parts of the body. Vitamins are organic nutrients needed in small quantities to perform specific functions.

Scientists theorize that mineral deficiency subjects our animals, to more diseases, aging, sickness, and destruction of our physical well-being than any other factor in cat health.

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Intestine Problems in Cats – What are the Causes?

What is folding of the intestines or turned intestines?

A fold in the intestine can damage the protective mucus membrane of the G.I. tract, allowing bacteria and toxins to enter the system. In extreme cases the swelling in the affected area may result in necrosis which is tissue death.

A change in the shape of the intestine can cause the affected portion of the intestine to slip out of its normal place (prolapse) into an adjoining cavity or duct in the body. Intussusception the medical term, which is used to describe this condition, also in relation to a folded portion of the intestine (invagination) causing that section of the intestinal tract to be blocked either of these conditions can result in inflammation of the intestines.

This can happen in all ages of cats, especially with kittens since they are exploring and not so fussy with what they eat, the obstruction can be partial or complete which the occurrence of an intussusception eventually leads to an obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract.

There are various things that can cause gastrointestinal obstruction, gastric outflow obstruction, in which the path of the stomach contents is obstructed, foreign bodies that have been ingested, a tumour, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, pyloric stenosis which is a condition that causes severe vomiting. Small intestinal obstruction, where the path of the small intestines is in some way obstructed, hernias, intussusception where the small intestine slides into the next, causing blockage, or mes enteric torsion, which is a twisting of the intestines around its mes enteric axis, that is the connective membrane between the intestines and the abdominal wall.

Some common causes are intestinal parasites like roundworms, hookworms, whip worms, viral or bacterial.

What are the symptoms? Difficulty in breathing, Bloody vomit, vomiting, inability to swallow food, Abdominal pain, Abdominal distention which occurs when substances such as air gas or fluid accumulate in the abdomen causing its outward expansion beyond the normal girth of the stomach. It is a symptom of an underlying disease or dysfunction in the body rather than an illness.

Symptoms of Intussusception low in the intestinal tract? Bloody diarrhoea known as melena, occasional vomiting, Loss of appetite, weight loss, straining to defecate.

A vet will x-ray or put a camera down to see what is happening and if surgery is needed will often provide antibiotics in severe cases this can be fatal.

Cats need a balance diet to recover.

 Suggested Solutions: Treat for worms and parasites, thyme and garlic can also help and digestive enzymes, if the intestine has moved or no improvement them seek medical advice

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It’s a Cat’s Life?

You know the saying you are what you eat, the same is for your cat, what a lot of people do not realise is the knock-on effect with health issues with cats when it comes to vet bills.

If we consider dry food usually, they will compose of different supplements like meat, grains, sugar and additives while all cat foods have this type of composition, the better brands with have a higher percentage of good ingredients.

What you may not know: Cats are carnivores meat eaters their bodies are not designed for process of grains and vegetables what cat food companies do with the cheaper products is use more grain. This is where health issues can come apparent like diabetes, allergies etc from eating too much grain.

In a cheaper product their will, be less meat fish salmon chicken and more grains with cats they have a high-water percentage in their bodies if you take a wild cat they will eat mice for example which has 75/80% water therefore not only will they get the quality of meat they will not need to drink as much water.

If you look at the canned foods, they contain far more water than dry food the ingredients conclude grains, vegetables, and flower in some can products the actual percentage of meat can be as low as 1% which leaves % made up of other ingredients. With cheaper brands they contain a lot of added flavours and supplements to make it taste better.

So, what are the problems with low quality foods, too much grain can cause obesity and urinary infections and low-quality canned food can cause severe diarrhoea and diabetes, meaning your cat is not necessary getting all the nutrients they need. With quality brands they have more meat and a higher percentage of proteins than sugars.

Check the percentage of meat since cats are carnivores, they rely on protein in their diet compared to a product that has grain listed in their product.

What to look out for: Foods that have a lot of dyes in or a lot of preservatives such as sodium nitrate or BHA and BHT these can sometimes cause illnesses in the cat and the preservatives can alter the blood pressure and other blood levels in the animal some preservatives can damage the kidneys and liver foods that have rendered fat, garlic and meat by products should be excluded from your selection because you do not know what meat is actually used.

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 Joint Care

Being able to recognise the signs is the first step with pets after all they cannot tell us when they are uncomfortable, if your pet does not have the spring in their step, or the energy to do what they used to, if your cat is stiff and not as energetic.

They may stop eating and drinking and hide away, have difficulty in finding a comfortable way to rest.

This could be signs of osteoarthritis when there is degenerative joint disease this is when the cartilage between bones breaks down and no longer cushions the joints, allowing friction to occur resulting in inflammation of the joints which is called arthritis.

Some conditions are hereditary with displacement of joints and other abnormalities of the cat’s hind leg, such as the hip joint, femur, or tibia. Kittens can also suffer this with kneecap displacement or hip dysplasia, they can experience joint trauma if one of their limbs become twisted, they may have a limp.

Extra weight can also place pressure on joints causing additional pressure. Some of the signs are licking or chewing on the hip, leg joint, or ankle this is where your cat could be having pain in this area. With senior cats may have swellings and discomfort stopping them from being as active.

 If your cat is struggling provide all the necessities for them at easy reach, make them comfortable without having to climb up things. Cats are generally very athletic first check for injury or a fracture this can heal and be helped with joint supplements.

Provide comfortable sleeping and keep them warm, certain food supplements may help to control arthritis, Cod liver oil, supplements containing glucosamine and chontroitin, helps with healing the cartilage lining bones inside joints, Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids.

 

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Joint Disease in Cats

 

Not until recently has it been known about arthritis in cats; this was not commonly diagnosed or treated, the main reason being cats are good at hiding signs of pain, which comes from their survival in the wild.

Cats that are 12 years or older will normally have some evidence of degenerative joint disease with some studies that have been carried out showing between 60% to 90% of cats were affected, with the shoulders, hips, elbows, knees stifles and ankles being the most commonly affected joint areas.

So what causes Arthritis in Cats? The normal cartilage that cushions the joint degenerates and is worn away, resulting in inflammation, discomfort, ongoing damage and secondary changes in or around the joint. Where the disease is likely to arise is due to mechanical wear and tear in the joints or an injury.

According to the Cat’s Association the major signs of arthritis are as follows:

Jumping up to lower surfaces than previously

Resistance in jumping up or down

Stiffness in the leg’s

Obvious lameness

Difficulty in using the litter tray

Difficulty in movement

Sleeping in different, easier to access spots

Reduce frequency of time spent grooming – matted or scruffy coat

Overgrown claws due to lack of activity

Irritable or grumpy

Hiding away and avoiding contact

Joint pain could be causing these changes.

How to deal with their Environment?

Changing their environment in many ways can help greatly improve with the quality of life for an arthritic cat, soft comfortable accessible bedding draught free locations igloo beds could be considered for warmth and security, Easier access for cats with litter trays, getting in and out, keep them well groomed.

Controlling their diet, obesity will only put pressure on the limbs supplements and special foods can help some medical treatment can help with controlling the pain and inflammation although need to consider any side effects. The most common ones are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Omega -3 from fish oils, reduces the activity of cartilage degrading enzymes

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Kelp Seaweed, So What are the Benefits?

Benefiting health and possible even prevent disease, Kelp is full of nutrients, it absorbs the nutrients from its surrounding marine environment and is rich in vitamins, minerals, trace elements and enzymes.

Recent studies have found that sea vegetables in oestrogen-related helps with certain cancers, osteoarthritis, cardiovascular health, and other conditions preventing disease. Weight loss: Kelp has more calcium than many vegetables including kale and collard greens which maintain strong bones and optimal muscle function, which support a calorie-controlled diet in overweight cats and dogs.

Where does Kelp come from?  

Kelp is a marine plant is a type of large brown seaweed that grows in shallow, nutrient-rich saltwater near coastal fronts around the world and differs in colour and flavour; in fact, in many Asian cuisines this type of sea algae is a natural source of essential vitamins, minerals and antioxidants for humans.

Kelp contains notable amounts of iron, manganese, calcium, magnesium, copper, zinc, riboflavin, niacin thiamine, vitamins A, B12, B6 and C. This is good for cellular metabolism and providing energy.

Be aware too much of the Good Stuff?

Too much can introduce excessive amounts of iodine to the body this can overstimulate the thyroid and cause harm this should be used in moderation.

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Kidney Failure in Cats

This occurs in older cats. So, what contributes to kidneys failing? The kidney regulates blood pressure, so it is common for cats with kidney failure to also suffer from hypertension which is known as high blood pressure in the arteries, persistently elevated. In the long term this can cause coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation.

Reasons the kidneys could start to fail include poisoning, ingestion of a toxic substance such as anti-freeze or poisonous plants, heatstroke, trauma, blockage, arterial thromboembolism, pancreas failure, and infection.

If acute kidney failure is not recognised and treated, cats will suffer permanent kidney damage and even death; chronic kidney failure causes many secondary problems over time, including a decrease in calcium levels that can lead to bone demoralisation.

What are the symptoms? These include decrease in appetite, weight loss, vomiting or diarrhea, lethargy or depression, dehydration, ulcers in the mouth or bad breath. A cat may be experiencing kidney problems if it has pain in the kidney area or unusual urination or constipation.

If your cat is in final stages this means 90 percent or more damage: symptoms include seizures, loss of consciousness, tremors, uncontrollable vomiting and going into a coma.

The kidneys help regulate blood pressure. With aggressive therapy acute renal failure can be corrected in some cases.

In severe cases, treatment will be hospitalisation, administration of intravenous fluids, diuretic therapy or medications, close monitoring of important electrolytes such as potassium, sodium, and calcium medications to control blood pressure.

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Kidney Problems in Cats: How to Look for the Signs?

Function of the Kidney: Kidneys key function is to get rid of waste products from the body. If they stop working properly then waste will build up which is known as kidney failure or renal failure.

If this happens quickly over a short period of time like weeks or months, then it is renal failure if this happens slowly over a long period time then it is chronic renal failure.

So, what are the Signs to look for? If your cat is urinating frequently or drinking a lot of water, has mouth ulcers, especially on the gums and tongue, bad breath with an ammonia like odour. Weight loss and decreased appetite. Vomiting, diarrhoea and bloody or cloudy urine. Prolonged bleeding, Drowsiness, lethargy. Weakness, general itching, swelling, Breathlessness, muscle twitching.

What causes the problem? Bacterial infections of the bladder and kidney.

Triggered by serious illness or an operation, blood loss, a fall in blood pressure or severe dehydration, if the problem last long enough then this can lead to permanently damaged kidneys. Also, toxins, poisons, and traumas.

Chronic renal failure can result from any disease that causes a gradual loss of kidney function like diabetes and hypertension high blood pressure are the most common causes. Other causes include glomerulonephritis or any type of polycystic kidney disease or ongoing blockage of the ureter, infection, and kidney damage from long term painkiller use. Thyroid problems and cancer. Symptoms vary depending on the type of kidney failure.

Diet is Very important the cat needs to have small amounts daily give good quality food in some cases special formula foods are best. Dry food can be heated in the microwave until lukewarm never hot to soften the texture and release aroma.

Products like Chemeyes-k Potassium can help maintain a healthy kidney by controlling potassium levels.

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Latest News on Cats

I read an article the price of cuteness and the latest victims, cat people buying specially breed cats like flat faces and folded ears the only problem is because of the genes and breeding there are complications and extra cost in veterinary bills these may make great and unusual photos on social media, the only problem is the welfare issues that goes with owning such a cat which becomes a novelty leaving homeless suffering cats.

From the article they state that BVA Voice of the Veterinary Professing latest survey that brachycephalic cats, such as Persians and Exotic Shorthairs have the most common conformation related treatments with other associated cost.

Eye problems (69%)

Breathing/respiratory problems (60%)

Dental issues (45%) and 

Skin problems (32%).

Some breeds like Scottish Fold even though they are cute suffer from arthritis and joint pain because of the gene which affects the cartilage to allow the ears to fold forward, they suffer from arthritis in early stages of their life,

Social Media is high on photos of cuteness and all types of interesting cats so when choosing a breed take into consideration of the extra expense and needs for your animal.

As an owner I have animals that people do not want the eighteen cats which some of them had personality and real behaviour issues initially, with love and attention and giving them what they need they have changed rapidly and are all loving in their own way they show appreciation and have feelings and needs like any child it is very awarding, to see how these animals develop and how their behaviour changes.

All so sadly, the cost of vets and time needed to make sure cats are happy and well looked after is not considered the main problem is letting cats just breed and not getting them neutered and letting these little souls suffer a slow and miserable end.

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Lavender and Your Cat

Lavender is welcomed in many homes around Britain and in gardens cats have a fondness for aromatic plants that are tasty and are drawn to fragrant herb such as lavender, which are potentially not poisonous to cats.

As a sedative lavender has been used with cats and dogs as well as humans as a calming agent which helps with relaxation although with some cats can do the opposite, follow instructions and only use products designed for pets.

There are some collars infused with lavender and advertise as being good for calming cats.

 Lavender is also good for fleas and parasites and is calming to the skin when purchased as a shampoo the benefits include being antiseptic and anti-fungal which helps to reduce scarring and speeds healing helps with healthier cells and benefits frequent cell turnover soothing the skin.

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Let’s Look at the Importance of Proteins

What are Proteins? They are organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen and sometimes phosphorus, iron and sulfur.

So why are they Needed? To grow new tissues and to repair old tissues rebuild muscle and maintain cellular structure in an animal, every day 3 to 5% of the body’s proteins are rebuilt which the highest amounts are found in the muscles of animals.

It is no wander that the most common nutrient deficiency is that of proteins since a lot of meals do not have the nutrient deficiency needed. Sources of protein come from fish, red meats, chicken, turkey soybean cottonseed legume hay.

If proteins are starved from the body then this can result in slow growth rate, low birth weight and lower milk production, young animals are in more need than older animals, animals in gestation or lactation stages also need higher levels of proteins.

Combinations of proteins are amino acids which are classified as either essential or non-essential therefore the essential amino acids must be supplied which the ten essential amino acids are arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan and valine.

So, what happens with insufficient proteins? Is a reduction in protein synthesis within the cells. Each cell contains millions of protein molecules and continually produces new protein to replace older protein molecules. If not enough essential amino acids in the body, it cannot access the compounds needed to make up new protein which will ultimately slow new protein production.  This means tissue will break down since the cells cannot rely on the diet to supply the amino acids needed for protein synthesis the body begins to break down existing proteins as a source of amino acids.

 The result is prolonged protein deficiency leads to tissue loss, especially a loss of protein rich muscle tissue because it breaks down muscle tissue as a resource of energy.

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Leukaemia in Cats

I have many strays one of my cats got very sick through Feline Leukaemia mainly because he would fight with other cats even after he was neutered, a cat bite my cat and through the saliva this was transmitted, more than 50% of infected cats die within 2-3 years after being infected. In some cases, once diagnose deaths occur in the first year this is highly contagious, cat can pick up form saliva, urine, feces, nasal secretions and milk of an infected cat, sadly kittens can also contract it in the womb from their infected mother, most kittens will die before birth some will die shortly after or remain infected.

Social behaviours such as grooming, biting or sharing food areas can also cause transmission of the virus.

FeLV-A is contagious and can spread from animal to animal some cats can fight and overcome the virus without any help.

This is not a form of cancer, but it can cause cancer, it is a virus and can be a real threat to other cats FeLV-A is the one transmitted from cat to cat, some cats can carry other combinations.

FeLV -B is associated with development of abnormal tissue or tumours.

FeLV-C causes severe anemia FeLV -T causes a suppressed or weakened immune system in cats.

Not only are their different subgroups the virus also proceeds through stages which there are six in total. The virus enters the cat and spreads through the body, traveling up the bloodstream and replicating.

Some cats in early stages can fight off the virus. In the case the virus is not stopped the bone marrow becomes infected once this is established in the marrow infected cells can be released this is when this can infect other cats.

Signs and Symptoms of Feline Leukaemia

  • Loss of appetite
  • Slow weight loss over time
  • Severe wasting late in the disease
  • Pale gums
  • Persistent diarrhea
  • Seizures
  • Behaviour changes
  • Infections
  • Eye conditions
  • Fever
  • Poor coat conditions

 

What are some of the herbal treatments that can help?

  • Astragalus is an herb with major immune boosting properties.
  • Acedmannan which is found in aloe vera juice is a very powerful immono-stimulant in animals, especially cats. Acemannan triggers an autoimmune attack on the virus.
  • Aloe Vera - Contains Acemannan, which has been proposed as an adjunctive therapy for cats with FIV.
  • John’s Wort - A powerful herb that helps control viral infections and reinforces your cat’s immune system
  • Turmeric - A potent antioxidant that strengthens the liver and fights off the damaging effects of free radicals
  • Dandelion - Stimulates the appetite, enhances digestion, and has anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Cat’s Claw - An effective anti-inflammatory and antioxidant that enhances your cat’s immune system and helps fortify their defences against viruses like feline leukaemia and FIV.

 You can get your cat immune against it and if you suspect your cat does have leukaemia there are two types of blood test that can be done, do be aware that some pet insurance may not cover this.

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Litter Trays

One of the most important items with owning a cat is how do you choose your litter tray, depending on how much you want to spend, I have sixteen cats the trick is to keep the trays clean in summer not such a problem the cats are out and about.

Plastic trays can smell after a while even with protectors since the substance is pee the best way I found to clean them is with toilet cleaner after a while I change the trays with having so many cats.

The covered litter trays with doors the cats do not like going through the doors and I have had to move them, so the cats use them, the next challenge is to get the cat litter they like with the cheaper brands this can be hard on their pads and your cat may not want to use the tray for this reason, also they are not treated and can smell.

Cats are very clean animals they will not use a dirty tray, so this is very important that they are changed regularly, the better made trays helps your cat keep clean and are unlikely to crack and break like the cheaper versions.

Litter liners are good when you have only a few cats although they can break and tear with the claws.

It is always wise to have a few trays around for cats, so you have time to clean them and keep your cat happy.

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Living with Cats

Most cat people probably did not start off living with cats, they found themselves taking on a pet or felt they were missing something in their life.

My intentions were not to have any animals it just happened, however I must say the love and joy they bring, they do fill your heart with joy.

I realised very quickly that I did not own a cat, I was owned by them and without me knowing it they controlled me and ruled the house, the car, the garden, I paid the bills and provided the necessaries.

They want to be close to me and want my attention with sixteen cats this can be challenging although you get to know when attention is needed and those that want my company every now and then.

Keeping trays clean and around the home keeping them separate has been key, also with the aggressive cats that do not like other cats keeping them separate most of the time has kept harmony in the home and stopped the stress levels.

I made the big mistake of giving them tap water, this has chlorine, metals and impurities in that not only kill wild birds, it also upsets their stomachs which lead to diarrhoea and vomiting, bottle water is the best and from introducing this has resulted in less health problems.

Knowing what to do and understand my animals has led to a new learning curve which I have enjoyed passing this on since this has improved other cat’s lives.

Also, with so many, their food has to be varied this has resulted in a mix of dry food and fresh meats and cat food all gets eaten and having several bowls spread out this helps with any aggressive cats, I have found cats are very much like us, some want to eat at different times and are not always ready when others are so keeping the supply for them, so no one misses out.

This stops aggression and fights at mealtimes and at night of course I get plenty of affection and thank you, one thing I have learnt is you get make much more in appreciation with animals they know who looks after them and love you for it.

Please leave comments below if found this useful.

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Lupus in Cats

 I was speaking with a close friend who has been able to manage her lupus when I came across cats with lupus, and I had to research on this.  Cats do get systemic lupus which is a rare feline autoimmune disease caused by abnormal regulation of the immune system.

Just like humans the cat’s body recognizes the body’s own cell as foreign this means the system attacks itself by mistake, normally the bodies have an immune system that protects from foreign invaders which causes disease and infection so when antibodies bind to persistent antigens can create immune complexes.

 The immune cells fail to recognise the body’s normal healthy cells from foreign cells which means they destroy the normal tissues. An autoimmune disease can affect a single system or multiple body systems and can affect skin connective tissue, muscles and nerves the system that controls hormones and other chemicals like red blood cells and the digestive system.

Systemic lupus is an autoimmune disease it is rare in cats, it can be life threatening multiple organs are usually affected and has widespread abnormalities of the skin, mouth, muscles, blood vessels lungs kidneys joints and nervous system.

Unless cats are diagnosed, they should not be vaccinated except under certain circumstances.

 The cause in not really understood, early diagnosis is recommended since left untreated the complications of autoimmune disease are serious, challenging, and complicated.

Fortunately, autoimmune skin diseases are rare in cats, pemphigus is a group of five autoimmune skin diseases which are large and small blisters in the mouth other areas affected are eyelids, lips, nostrils, and anus.

Pemphigus Foliaceus is leaf like it is the most common autoimmune skin disease in cats the cat can develop crusts and ulcers around the eye’s ears footpads’ groin and bridge of the nose. In cats, lesions also develop at the toenail beds creating crusty sore feet, sometimes drugs and pollen can cause this.

Pemphigus Vulgaris is where fluid filled blisters called vesicles form in and around the mouth, eyelids, lips, nostrils, anus prepuce or vulva.  These vesicles rupture easily creating painful ulcers.

Pemphigus Erythematosus its most common symptom is redness, crusting, scales, and hair loss on the nose when the cat is exposed to ultraviolet light worsens a form of pemphigus.

The less severe pemphigus causes serious tumours.

Cats can be hospitalized and examined every two hours until adequate biopsies are obtained.  If a cat gets bullous pemphigoid which is a different type of autoimmune skin disease this is a large thin-walled sac filled with clear fluid, the skin is very itchy and large red welts and hives which often appear before or during the formation of blisters. Vesicles and ulcers may be found in the mouth and in the armpits and groin.

 The vet will be more likely to give drugs to reduce the reaction of the immune system that is causing the disease, but some cats will require stronger immunosuppressant medications such as chlorambucil or oral cyclosporine. This can be controllable with the appropriate medication.

Some of the herbs that can help with lupus are

  1. TurmericCurcumin is an active ingredient in turmeric which can prove effective in the treatment of autoimmune diseases like lupus. ...
  2. Ginger. ...
  3. Apple cider vinegar. ...
  4. Coconut oil. ...
  5. Epsom salt. ...
  6. Tulsi or Holy basil. ...
  7. Flaxseeds...
  8. Green tea.

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 Make that all-Important Decision Cat Bowl

When choosing a cat bowl this can in fact be a health issue for your cat, ceramic, glass and stainless steel are the better choice of materials. If you consider glass the ingredients in glass are silica, calcium oxide, and sodium carbonate all of which are non-toxic it will not react with acids or other liquids it is also dishwasher safe and can be sterilised and is very stable.

Stainless Steel is generally safe which does not hold germs and does not react with liquids or foods and can be sterilized and is very strong, it is made from iron, nickel, chromium and molybdenum which could leach into foods it the dishware is scratched or in bad shape.

Good Ceramic bowls do not hold germs and if they are manufactured for cats and are food safe then these are fine.

Plastic Bowls are best to avoid they harvest germs and bacteria and cleaning the bowls can still leave them contaminated depending on the manufacturer to how much BPA is a synthetic hormone that is proven to be an endocrine disrupter and can cause chromosomal and reproductive system disorders and cancer. BPA impairs brain and neurological function causes diabetes and obesity and causes cardiovascular system damage also with the bacteria can cause Feline Acne which will show as small black dots and can spread quickly especially if you have a few cats.

If a bowl is close to empty and topped up this can also leave hosts of dangerous bacteria and fungus they can begin to grow, also leave fresh filtered water, not tap water since this has chemicals and mercury in the water and wash bowls not just top them up.

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Many Benefits with Combing Your Cat

Cats do need the occasional comb if you are the proud owner of a long-haired cat then this is a must, fur tangles which can hurt the cat and stop them walking, also the knots will pull on the skin causing great discomfort and tearing. Can cause wounds mats on the backside can become encrusted with poo as well as urine causing skin problems this can cause a cat to pull and tear ripping the skin causing pain.

Health reasons a cat will benefit greatly it maintains their fur and helps you check on soars, fleas and parasites it also soothes them, especially in summertime they will lose a lot of loose fur and will often be sick or get the fur caught in their throats.

Combing helps with the natural oil which helps maintain skin and coat also this will help with deepening the friendship, cats that are handled and loved respond well and are less likely to need visits to the vet and are very contented.

The amount of fur you get from combing will show you how much could be swallowed, and this helps them with their personal grooming allowing you to check their ears and health of the cat, frequent grooming helps desensitize the cat to being handled.

Grooming does not take long a few minutes to comb through and enjoy togetherness with your cat after a while the cat will look forward to these special moments.

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Mental Well Being in Cats

 Cats are very sensitive creatures just like humans they pick up on tension and stress in the household and will act a cat that feels tension will often become naughty will scratch your priced belongings or not use the tray.

If there is a change in the household, they may become stress and lose their fur or even stop eating and shy away cats show their emotions in different ways they may become very distant a cat will only accept attention on their terms.

Sometimes when food is changed a cat may not like what they are given which can cause unhappiness and will starve and have skin conditions, to keep a cat happy you have to take into consideration they are part of the family as a living breathing soul, they want to be loved and have attention, their needs are like ours, good food and a variety, cats can get bored it is important  fresh water is available and not tap water unless boiled this can cause health issues.

Cats need stimulation they want attention and will play happily, cats can get lonely, and this will cause unfavourable behaviour, cats need their own space, if your cat is losing fur this can also be caused from fleas, worms and parasite’s so dress this issue straight away.

When cats are stressed, this can cause health issues so it is important to try and eliminate any issues or changes to help have a stable and happy life from time-to-time cats may need some oils, vitamins, and herbs to help keep them happy and healthy.

Cats can suffer from anxiety and depression like ourselves this can be from feeling ill, or a change in the household, or pressures within the home, unlike a dog if a cat is very unhappy, they may seek somewhere else to live they could put their own life at risk by running out in front of oncoming traffic.

A cat wants to belong and feel needed they need harmony in their life so relaxing music and a settled lifestyle can help in a big way.

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Milk Thistle – Liver Problems

What are the symptoms of Liver Issues?  Cats with liver disease will urinate more than usual they also tend to drink more they tend to lose their appetite and over time lose weight and muscle mass as well. They may have signs of depression, lethargy, weakness, bad breath, their coat will look poor they may have nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea and dehydrated.

What causes the Problems? Blood bone infection can be caused by long term progressive disease of liver and gallbladder infection of bile will have a yellow colouring in the skin and eyes.

Where does Milk Thistle come from? It is a ragweed family native to Mediterranean countries, some people call it Mary Thistle and Holy Thistle, which has been used for over 2000 years, it is known as a natural treatment for liver problems and provides benefits to the heart and can help with diabetes. Also helps with healthy digestive function by promoting enzyme formation, increasing bile production decreasing inflammation and soothing the mucous membranes throughout the body.

Milk Thistle is a natural herb that has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, is used to detoxify the body especially the liver as well as help with liver diseases and gallbladder problems. The scientific name is Silybum Marianum grows mostly in California.

The liver is an internal organ and is responsible for performing several essential detoxifying functions, condition of blood throughout the whole body, purify the blood, it needs to actively clean the blood each day to support nearly every system in the body.

Milk thistle seeds are a high source of the antioxidant flavonoid called silymarin it is composed of several active compounds known as Flavolignans, Silymarin which is decreasing the risk of cancer boosting the immune system, fighting DNA damage, and reversing cancerous tumour growth.

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Missing Cats

 A well loved cat is part of the family and from time to time a cat will go missing, first of all when you have a cat or kitten you should keep them in for approximately a month old wife’s tail butter on paws this some how works, they lick the butter off and walk around their home to realise this is where they belong, although cats choose their owners.

Some of the reasons cats go missing, new born, change in the house or new pet, cats generally do not like change and they certainly do not like unease in the house hold they are very perceptive and can read emotions very well.

If a cat feels very much at unease they will try and find another home that suits them and sometimes a cat will move in with a neighbour a few houses away and not come back.

Cats should always be chipped and neutered this is for the health and the environment and in the case that a disaster happens you at least know, also it has been known for cats to get under a car and travel distances and be found many miles away so chipping an animal can result in your loving friend returning safe.

It has been known for cats to travel miles and miles to get back to their owner and turn up years later, also getting a cat used to coming in the house in winter months and cooler nights of the year is very beneficial.

Black cats are unlucky since they are more likely not to be seen my motorist also those people who do not like cats will not consider the well fare of the animal.

It has been known at dusk for animals to go missing years ago an oriental take away in the Tamworth area was closed because of cats hanging on hooks and skins left to dry.

There are also barbaric sports where cats are put to suffer so aiming at getting your cat in at night has many benefits.

People who have birds and do not like cats can have sprinkler systems or put ginger, lemon pepper about cats do not like scratching near strong citrus peel or pepper.

Cats that are sprayed with the hose or water know they are not welcome and will soon get the message.  Do understand all animals have feelings like ourselves and will go to where they are welcome.

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Molly Dreaming my Little Black Cat

I managed to catch Molly, she always shy’s away and is normally picked on by other cats, she never comes in and over winter I get them all in and it challenging to manage with all of them.

I had Molly in my arm cradled while she slept, she seemed to have nightmares, she twitched heavily, and her legs went and her body, then suddenly she would wake and purr and go back to sleep with the same vigorous movements.

To get her trust is challenging and I know from having animals that are dumped they are longed to belong and have the attention, with Molly being out side I fear this has affected her.

Scientist have done several studies on animals especially rats and have found from their day activities they dream when asleep their brain switches off and the sleep is needed for all mammals to have good health.

Sleep is a natural state characterised by reduced consciousness and the reduction or cessation of sensory and voluntary muscular activity, which means there is no eating, or walking during sleep. Sleep aids in growth and repair of the body system, during sleep the brain also appears to process information gained and experiences that have occurred during the day.

There are two main types of sleep rapid eye movement Rem and non-rapid eye movement Non-Rem sleep. During Rem sleep as the suggested the dreamer’s eye move rapidly and randomly and their brain activity mirrors that of the animal when awake. While the dreamer may appear quite active during this stage of sleep, they are very difficult to waken, younger animals spend more time in dream sleep than older ones probably due to processing new information.

When a cat dreams the paws and whiskers will twitch including the body depending on the dream.

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Muscle Issues in Cats

Cats are flexible although with normal activity disruption in a muscle can happen a normal muscle can be stretched, pinched when injury occurs they can result in fibre disruption weakening and immediate or delayed separation of the uninjured portions.

Alternatively, the muscle structure may be comprised by systemic or iatrogenic an injury caused by medical care the rupture may be either complete or incomplete which could be in the middle of the muscle or at the muscle tendon junction. The condition may respond well to rest with chronic effects are often progressive and unresponsive to support therapies.

So, what is acute injury? Localised swelling heat and pain which shows normally in a few days to a week, immediate lameness that is characterised by the specific muscle affected. If this develops it can be come chronic. When muscle pain originates in any of the muscles in the body the medical term for muscle pain is myalgia. Muscle pain arises due to injury or overexertion infection of the soft tissues or inflammatory conditions.

Your cat may limp or meow with a short high pitch meow to let you know something is wrong or become restless and inactive.

Check for anything in the paw if this continues your vet may want to x-ray and see what is happening for a suitable treatment.

Suggestions for minor injury: Chamomile tea can be safe for cats in small amounts, this can be given by mouth; give ½ teaspoon to an average size cat. Chamomile tea can be used to soothe the area by dabbing on with a cotton ball or put in a spray to spritz onto the skin. It is also good for cleaning cats’ ears mix with a little bit of white vinegar.

Turmeric tablets with magnesium, phosphate can help to support the body’s natural anti-inflammatory processes.

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My First Cat – What should I Ask?

When you are ready to have your first pet, make sure you really do want them and have some time for them, they are with you for a long time, in 1967 a cat was recorded to live for 38 years and three days, so this is a lifetime commitment, they have feelings and needs. 

Often enough you get a feeling for the right one, the more you know about the pet, the more it can help you, do they have any special needs, are they fussy eaters? Do they have any allergies or been ill-treated in any way? Have they been chipped and neutered and had their vaccinations?  

Over a very short period, you will get to know your pet and what they like, they can be challenging to avoid mishaps, cats of certain breeds can be temperamental and very clever, the cat owns you.  Making sure they have their bedding, toys and scratch posts are important especially if you are house proud. 

Cats need brushing and to maintain their teeth, the better looked after your furry friend is the less the cat should cost you in vet bills, also knowing what to do can help after all they are your children and will from time to time need your attention. 

The main health issues with pets are normally flea and worms so this is important to try and keep on top of this, often loss of fur will be a flea allergy, only visiting the vet when you really need to, otherwise you will find this very expensive. 

I have fourteen cats because people did not want them or dumped them they suffered until they were given a chance, this just happened I never planned it, this is the reason I set up getcatcrazy.shop because I realised pet owners needed to know what to do. 

When you have your pet enjoy them, they will give you a lot of pleasure and you will learn a lot, they are very similar to us humans most herbs and remedies that are good for your cat is also good for you. 

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Obesity – Overweight cats what to do?

We do not think of cats as being like us, in fact they are very similar and suffer like us humans, if we allow a cat to become fat. The cat is in fact at risk of getting diabetes, hepatic lipidosis and even arthritis.

 It is very difficult if you have a cat that roams and gets food else where so taking control can be difficult ask people not to feed your cat.

There is a simple rule of thumb, if any animal or person eats more calories than they burn off then this is added to body gain.

So, quantity and quality are important, today with so much food to choose from and efficient livestock management and food processing and preservatives can add to the calorie problem. Especially with being able to restore food in fridges and freezers to keep fresh.

 A lot of people will claim their pet is overweight and it is not the food, she or he hardly eats a thing.

What is important that cats can get exercise, I have a lot of cats and with so many and over winter for their safety I keep them inside, so it is important they have enough room to roam and toys, scratch posts available for them.

Tests can be performed to measure the blood and urine it is vital that normal thyroid hormone levels are present, and the cat has no physical or metabolic dysfunction. You may need to follow a careful weight loss program.

So, what can cause the problem? Free choice feeding. Feeding too much food every time the cat squeals, cats can eat all the time with so much food available giving heaps of treats. A cat should have 0.6 and 1.0 ounce of food per meal for a seven-pound cat about the same weight as a mouse.

 Cats unlike dogs have no carbohydrate digesting enzyme called Amylase in their saliva they digest their food in the intestine amylase secreted from the pancreas breaks down large carbohydrate molecules into absorbable smaller units of glucose also cats can be less active than dogs.

Dry food has higher levels of flour and sugar than canned foods normally so fresh food and non-processed food supplied as well to give a balanced diet.

Cats are carnivores, so they need fresh meat with a lot of foods that are processed can cause health issues with obesity, so quality is important.

 Cats cannot handle large carbohydrate loads efficiently the blood level of glucose tends to stay higher than normal for long periods of time they become persistently hyperglycemic and this long-term stimulus on the beta cells in the pancreas the cells that produce insulin therefore being at risk of diabetes.

Cats should be feed high in protein and a lower percentage in carbohydrates which is grains. Cat treats should be sparingly and not to replace a meal.

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Pancreatic Enzyme comes in Tablet or Powder Form for Cats and Dogs

Let’s take into consideration first the pancreas this is a glandular organ that is tucked under the stomach and duodenum, which is the first part of the small intestine this has two main functions which are exocrine to produce the enzymes needed to digest food.

The second part is the endocrine to produce hormones including the hormone insulin, which facilitates the uptake and storage of glucose which is sugar and amino acids which is proteins.

Let’s look at what happens when a bout of Pancreatitis Occurs:

In cats this is usually the chronic form and can be more difficult to diagnose when the pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas, causing leakage of the digestive enzymes whereby the pancreas literally starts to digest itself this can be acute or chronic.

What causes Pancreatitis?  High fat meal can trigger for hyperlipidaemia with is high fat content in blood, obesity, contaminated food or water, certain drugs and toxins like antibiotics and organophosphate, insecticide, bacterial or viral infection.

The signs can vary from mild gastrointestinal upset to collapse and death, most animals present common gastrointestinal signs of upset such as vomiting, not eating, painful abdomen, fever or temperature, diarrhoea, depression, dehydration, sunken eyes, dry mouth, increased skin turgor which is the change in elasticity of skin. These signs are not specific all or some may be noted in the animal.

In these cases, a low-fat fibre diet is usually recommended Pancreatic enzyme supplements can make significant difference all pancreatic enzyme supplements are made from pork products, is and established feed supplement with highly concentrated pancreatic enzymes for cats with poor absorption of nutrients from the food. Is specially developed process for the intestinal condition in cats protective coating aids optimal absorption.

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Pancreatitis in Cats

So, let us understand what is Pancreatitis?  The pancreas is part of the endocrine and digestive system which main part producing enzymes to digest foods and produce insulin. When the pancreas becomes inflamed, the flow of enzymes into the digestive tract can become disrupted, forcing enzymes out of the pancreas and into the abdominal area.

When this occurs, the digestive enzymes will break down fat and proteins in other organs, as well as in the pancreas; in effect, the body begins to digest itself.  With their proximity to the pancreas the kidneys and liver can also be affected. If bleeding occurs this can cause severe permanent damage to organs and brain damage shock and death can follow.

Symptoms like vomiting, sluggishness, loss of appetite or fever can be stabilised with digestive enzymes.

Animals need some raw food and a variety therefore pets can have enzyme deficient sometimes food needs to be supplemented can reduce episodes of pancreatitis.

The actual job of the pancreas is to produce digestive enzymes and secrete hormones used in a metabolic process such as insulin and glucagon, when damaged digestive enzymes escape causing damage to pancreas and liver which is nearby. It is estimated that between 40 to 70 percent of cats show signs of pancreatitis at autopsy. Not all cats die of a problem with the pancreas.  

What are the symptoms to look for? Fever, Loss of appetite becoming anorexia, Weight loss, Dehydration, Fatigue and sluggishness, Increased heart rate, and Breathing Difficulties

So, what are the causes? Bowel or liver disease, Traiditis, Diabetes mellitus, certain types of infections, abdominal trauma, exposure to insecticides, and some stings, this is more common in female than male and older cats.

In some cases, tissue growth cysts or abscesses in the body can occur.

Good food and diet and being careful with what is used in the garden prevention is better than cure and having to seek medical attention.

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Parasites in Cats – What are they?

Pet owners have many concerns about their animals’ health, being able to  keep on top of the parasites keeping your animal free from infection is a challenge.

Cats are prone to several parasitic infections that can cause serious health issues and even death, if left unchecked it is also possible for our feline companions to transfer those parasites to their owners.

So, how do we understand the warning signs and symptoms?

Many of these parasites are not a visible infection, they cannot necessary be seen in your cat’s behaviour, paying attention to your cats normal and non-normal behaviour.  

Cats can become lazy or lethargic, being sluggish, slow, under-active, inactive or show body weakness signs of out of character or weight changes which can tell a lot about the health of a cat. Dull fur, appearing less shiny and healthy than usual.

Excessive hair loss, more than associated with shedding, thinning sections of hair, possible bald patches.

Bowel Movement issues intermittent diarrhoea, blood in stool, difficulty urinating, constipation if your cat stays in the litter box longer than normal and no urine it is a concern.

With many cats they can pass from one cat to another, so all cats need to be treated.

Food and water are the most common sources of parasite and invading organism exposure to this is high since most tape water has been found to be contaminated with harmful organisms.

Plant and animal foods carry parasites, cleaning and cooking methods often do not destroy them before ingestion. Cleaning of hands and utensils and food preparation can add to the problem and how food is stored.

More than likely half the animals can be affected in some way,

Some of the microscopic organisms are free living or parasitic are roundworms, pin-worms’ whipworms and hookworms and tapeworms and flukes these make up around 70 percent of all invading organisms, certain protons through their intensely rapid reproductive ability and can take over the intestinal tract of their host and from there they go onto other organs and tissues.

Some feed on red blood cells and some produce cysts some of these can destroy tissues.

Adult worms multiply by producing eggs called ova or larvae, these eggs usually become infectious in soil or in a host before humans are infected, which many individuals will not show signs of infestation.

One of the oldest known parasites is tapeworm are the largest intestinal inhabitant which a new worm can grow from it. Tapeworms do not contain digestive tracts they get their nourishment by absorbing partially digested substances from their host.

Flukes are parasitic during nearly all their life cycle forms they begin when larvae are released in freshwater by infected snails, and can be on vegetation, fish, or crustaceans.

With parasites this can affect the breathing and wellbeing of your animal so worming your cat regularly is recommended.

Garlic, chamomile and oregan grape is good for getting rid of parasites.

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Positioning of Litter Trays

A cat is part of the family and it is difficult in winter when it is cold and your cat is inside most of the time, a cat will want to be close to their owner there was mention of putting a tray in the basement, now think about this, would you want to go out in the cold to the toilet probably not, the likely hood of the cat using the tray is very slim.

Place trays in hallway or far end of the room if you are like me and have several cats you will need a few, the most important thing is to keep them clean and change regularly a cat will not want to use a dirty tray and will go on the floor near by or somewhere in the room.

Wherever there is poo or cat pee you will smell it, what is important is to clean it up as soon as, the good thing is, you know you must find it and dispose of it, if you use cat litter that is too hard on the paws this will also smell much more and cause clumping and will discourage your cat to go.

Toilet cleaner is good to clean trays and will dispose odour and help to keep them clean if you do this once a week, I use antiseptic soap as well which kills bacteria and cleans them as you go, this way you are not jeopardising your health or your cat’s health.

In my case, I have one far end of the bedroom, loungeroom and hallway I also have air fresheners around the house, once the trays are cleaned the house is fresh and the cats are happy.

 

Have lemongrass, lemon juice in house this will kill smells germs and get rid of odour, also to vacuum and clean carpets regularly the pink stain remover also works, there are pet odour solutions on the market you can use.

Positioning of trays and left in the same spot is important so you keep a fresh home, keeping you and your pet healthy and a fresh home, if you are able have a cat flap then the cat will go outside and come in.

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Princess and Toilet Issues

 

I have just read an article about cats peeing and messing in the house, kill your cat is what experts said.

I have several cats not necessary by choice, these animals were not wanted and were dumped and for a cat that is not loved and wanted the life and misery that follows are extreme just like unwanted children.

Cats have feelings and emotions, Princess was not wanted because of a loved puppy coming into the household and was given to people that did not care and did not want her, unfortunately Princess suffers with a single flea and comes out in soars very quickly.

I struggled with her she was persistent in pooing on the carpet and would not use the tray if I showed my anger she did it more, I confined her with the tray and she would use it then would convert back to old habits.

I would put her in the tray and change the litter and this did not work, I had people here and I felt stress it was not working, when they left she did not do this as much the other cat started using the tray, so I tried paper this seemed to have done the trick.

There are several types of litter on the market the cheaper ones I found turn to clunky mud and this affects their paws and is very heavy when wet. The pellets ended up over the home and some of the cats did not like them. The more expensive ones with odour free seem to work okay although the trays that are plastic and do smell after a while, to combat this you need to clean with toilet cleaner which gets rid of the pee smell leaving them fresh and clean cats will not use dirty trays.

What is in Normal Cat Urine?

Normal feline urine is made of the following components:

.05% Ammonia
.18% Sulphate
.12% Phosphate
.6% Chloride
.1% Sodium
.1% Creatinine
.003% Uric Acid
2% Urea
95% water

 Cats need to feel loved and have harmony; if for any reason they have any health issues this is when they pee and wee where they shouldn’t this is their way of telling you they are not well.

The reasons cats do not use trays are as follows:

Unclean trays

Stress

Unhappiness

Unwell

Change in circumstances

Feeling picked on by other animals

 

Probiotics

What are Probiotics? They are live bacteria and yeasts promoted as having various health benefits which is a friendly bacteria which helps the immune system.

Normal digestive function can benefit greatly with a comprehensive digestive supplement because it has active probiotic organisms that colonise the gut and help exclude potentially pathogenic bacteria.

Fiber and probiotics are good together they hold the key to unlocking the powerful benefits of a truly healthy gut.  In fact, they help to restore the natural balance of bacteria in the gut including stomach and intestines this can be affected by illness or treatments.

There has been some evidence that this can help prevent diarrhoea and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

What you may not be aware of is probiotics are generally classed as food rather than medicine, which means they do not go through the rigorous testing medicines do.

Always invest in good quality products to get the best out of the probiotics there are many to choose from in the market place.

So, let’s consider what the benefits are?

Boost the immune system

Improve the thickness and strength of the mucus that lines the intestines

Help to ward off infection

Enhance the production of B Vitamins

Reduce harmful bacteria

Helps with diarrhoea

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

 Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Therefore, to keep your cat’s immune system strong they are especially important for cats who have any type of digestive disorder, ranging from diarrhoea and vomiting to constipation.

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Return to Work Own a Cat

Over the lock down a few people may have found comfort in having a cat, while you are home the cat has had company and very settled in a routine, from having many myself I know cats get into a routine and enjoy the attention, so what can you do?

Cats do get lonely like us, when this happens, they can become naughty their way of telling you they are not happy especially if your time of employment request you are away for a long period of time. So, a few tips to help you with a great life being with your cat.

Cats love scratching an empty box will keep them amused my cats scratch a whole and play with each other clean up the few bits of paper and leave for them, scratch post around the home, plenty of fresh water, rainwater preferable, if you have to use tap water it has chemicals in it and can be harmful to your cat so boil the water before serving or bottled water.

Plenty of dry biscuits, give fresh meat or tinned food no more than twice a day, the odd treat when you come home let your cat know you love them and give them attention when you get in, this is important you have not been around for some time they will soon get used to the idea.

Clean trays morning and night for them to go in, cats are very clean and will not use dirty trays they will poo on flooring etc either wise.

Keep lids down on toilets cats like to drink from toilets, with toilet fresheners and chemicals in the water can make your cat sick.

Also have some toys around cats will sleep 80% of the time, although like us they do need exercise so make sure they have plenty of room to exercise.

Put covers on furniture to protect them and tell them off when they are naughty raised voice, and a slight tap gets the message across.

I have kept my cats inside while the pandemic has been around except for a few which will not go anywhere near people to keep the risk low.

Cats love being brushed, and this is a good way of keeping them clean and well-conditioned.

Play with your cat they love the attention like we do.

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 Ringworm in Cats

Ringworm or Dermatophytosis is an infection caused by a particular form of fungus that has the ability to grow on the skin uses the superlayers skin nails as a source of nutrient.

This is a contagious infection during infection thousands microscopic spores are produced around infected hairs, and these are the main source of infection for animals, infected hairs and spores are shed into the cat’s environment so other cats can become infected by direct contact or exposure to a contaminated environment like bedding, grooming tools these spores can remain infectious for up to two years and are difficult to kill.

Spores will adhere to the skin which can cause a new infection, although if skin is intact, it is quite resistant to infection, any damage or abrasion to the skin will allow infection to develop more readily. Infection is more common in young cats because they have poorer natural skin defences and is less well-developed immune response, long haired cats because they groom less.

Typical skin lesions are discrete roughly circular areas of hair loss particularly on the head ears or legs. The surrounding areas may be broken the affected skin is often scaly and may look inflamed. Ringworm can look very similar to many other feline skin diseases including the flea allergy dermatitis scaling and itchy.

There are certain remedies you can use to treat infection for example Garlic often used to treat infection including Candida, Torulopsis, Trichophyton and Cryptococcus.

This is a combination of topical therapy like creams, ointments, or shampoos and systemic oral therapy bear in mind all environmental contamination must be eliminated for the solutions to be affective.

To make a treatment, make a paste of crushed garlic cloves by blending the garlic with some olive or coconut oil. Apply a thin layer of paste to the affected skin and cover with gauze. Repeat twice daily until symptoms resolve.

Soapy Water wash with medical shampoo suitable for cats.

Apple cider vinegar has demonstrated antifungal properties against Candida, other fungal infection, to treat soak a cotton wool pad in the undiluted vinegar and wipe it on the affected area, repeat 3 times daily.

Aloe Vera contains six antiseptic agents that according to research has exhibit antifungal antibacterial and antiviral activities, apply the gel three times a day.

Coconut Oil has certain fatty acids found in coconut oil may kill fungal cells by damaging their cell membranes, some research suggests is good for mild skin infections apply three times a day

Grapefruit Seed Extract with a teaspoon of water applying to the skin twice times a day kills fungal infections

Turmeric is a popular spice with anti-inflammatory properties, which has extensive antimicrobial abilities mix it with a small amount of water or coconut oil until it forms a paste and apply twice a day may turn skin yellow. Leave it to dry before wiping off.

Powered Licorice an Chinese medicine, demonstrates antiviral, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties, good for ringworm and other fungal infections, mix with 3 tablespoons of powdered licorice root into a cup of water bring to a boil, then reduce heat and simmer for 10 minutes, once liquid is cooled it should form a paste apply twice a day before rinsing off.

Tea Tree Oil for many bacterial and fungal skin conditions for almost a century Australians has used this dilute and follow instructions be careful not to overuse.

Oil of Oregano is made from wild oregano contains two strong antifungals called thymol and carvacrol, research has shown that oil of oregano can stop the growth of fungus.

Lemongrass Oil can reduce several types of fungus mix it with a carrier oil and apply twice a day with a cotton ball.

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Ruby Heart Failure

Ruby is a fit and healthy Bengal cat I have owned for many years, I collected Ruby from Plymouth with her four newly born healthy kittens that was only a couple of days old, I have two of them today, the ginger kitten has the same patterns on her as her mother, she is naughty and very pretty.

When I got home and feed the cats, I turned to see Ruby dead she dropped in seconds which I can only assume was a major stroke, she had no signs of heart disease such as vomiting, reserved breathing difficulties, back legs going, loosing or gaining excessive weight.

Some of the other signs are, cats may have cold extremities, ears and paws and may have plaque mucous membranes, such as mouth gums and eyes suggesting poor circulation, even the skin may show signs of cyanosis a bluish colour, in dogs coughing can be a sign.

Understanding the function of the heart it consists of chambers, all of which contain blood and are responsible for sending blood that is low in oxygen to the lungs to receive more oxygen, then sending this oxygen rich blood throughout the body to all the tissues in need.

There is a series of valves in the heart, separate the four chambers and prevent blood from flowing where it should not. Therefore, the heart muscle is unique type of muscle which is very different from other muscles in the body.

In cats and dogs, the disease is mainly seen as a problem with the valves of the heart, or in the heart muscle itself. In cats it is usually the heart muscle in dogs it usually the valves.

What is cardiomyopathy? This is when the heart muscle which is usually divided into two categories thinning of the heart muscle, which is congestive cardiomyopathy or thickening of the heart muscle hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in these cases the heart fails to pump blood adequately throughout the body.

Some of the common areas in cat’s Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy this occurs where there is an increase in the thickness of the muscular wall of the heart, this reduces the volume of blood within the heart and prevent the heart muscle relaxing properly between contractions.

Restrictive cardiomyopathy this is when the fibrosis of the wall of the heart making it stiff and inelastic so preventing the heart chambers filling normally.

Intermediate Cardiomyopathy this is a mixture of hypertrophy and dilatation.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy this is where the muscular wall of the heart generally becomes thinner than usual the heart enlarges and the heart muscle cannot contract effectively.

Some of the areas a vet will pick up is heart murmur a third heart sound is sometimes detected, gallop rhythm, heart rate this is where a pulse deficit is detected, cardiac rhythm disturbances this is where there is an interference in the normal electrical impulses that control heart contractions.

Heart Failure is where the heart is significantly impaired by cardiomyopathy this will lead to heart failure called congestive heart failure where there is compromise to blood flow through the heart and blood output from the heart. Supplements that are often described are L carnitine and Taurine is an essential amino acid which is found to be deficient in some cases.

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Seizures in Animals

There are many causes of seizures. Most common cause is Idiopathic epilepsy most common in dogs, this is an inherited disorder, other causes include liver disease, kidney failure, brain tumours, brain trauma or toxins.

What types of seizures?

Absence Seizures formerly known as petit mal, a seizure occurs when there is abnormal electrical activity in the brain which leads to sudden but short-lived changes in animals’ behaviour and / or movement.

Loss of voluntary control, often seen with convulsions jerking or shaking movements and muscle twitching.

Irregular attacks that start and finish very suddenly

Attacks that appear very similar each time and have a repetitive clinical pattern

Tonic-Clonic or convulsive seizures formerly known as grand mal these seizures involve both tonic stiffening and clonic which is twitching or jerking phases of muscle activity. These start with a simple partial seizure, the animal may experience changes in sensation, mood or emotion leading up to the tonic clonic seizure.

Atonic Seizure known as drop attack, type of seizure that causes sudden loss of muscle strength, these seizures are also called akinetic seizures where the animal falls to the ground usually conscious and may not always fall.

Clonic Seizure means fast stiffening and relaxing of a muscle that happens repeatedly.

Myoclonic Seizures Quick, uncontrolled muscle jerks, Jerky or rhythmic movements, unusual clumsiness.

What is the long-term impact of a Seizure? If a pet has a prolonged fit or many convulsions within a short space of time, there is a higher chance that they could suffer brain damage and a risk that the body temperature will rise and cause damage to other organs if the seizure lasts a long time.

What to do when an animal has a seizure? Prevent the animal hurting itself during a seizure keep them away from stairs, cushion their head, gently hold and comfort them until they begin to regain consciousness.
 

What will the vet prescribe?  Depending on the severity of the seizure they will advise an antiepileptic drug (AED)

How Long do Seizures last? Usually last from a few seconds to a few minutes, with a focal seizure, abnormal electrical activity happens in only part of the brain. Focal seizures can cause unusual movements in one limb or one side of the body. Sometimes they last only a couple of seconds

What can trigger a seizure in a cat? The most common cause of a seizure is a toxin exposure, flea and tick medication, sprays, dips, and shampoos that contain chemical called pyrethrin that can cause a cat to have a seizure.

 

Is my cat in Pain?  No, your cat is not in pain this is a result of abnormal brain activity communication between the brain and the rest of the body goes temporarily haywire.

Some Recommendations: Essential Fatty Acids. Pet owners and veterinarians alike recommend routinely introducing fatty acids into a dog's diet. ...

  • Dietary Changes
  • Homeopathic Oils
  • Acupressure
  • Melatonin
  • Honey
  • Scuttelaria Laterifolia – Skullcap


Scuttelaria laterifolia (Skullcap) is a well-known calmative and antispasmodic herb and will help to reduce over-stimulation that can lead to seizure occurrence.

Vitamin B12 recommended findings suggest that folic acid and vitamin B12 supplements should be included in epilepsy treatment. The study, “Effects of antiepileptic drugs on the serum folate and vitamin B12 in various epileptic patients,” was published in Biomedical Report

Scullcap and Valerlan: Is a natural herbal treatment which has been used for centuries to control seizures.

Natural Calm Care which has Ashwaganda extract which is good for seizures and stress and behavioural issues. Also, Valerian Root Extract and Magnesium may exhibit calming and soothing qualities.  


Drugs such as potassium bromide or phenobarbital can help control seizures. As always, ask your veterinarian for recommendations for your dog's specific problem. Alternative therapies are sometimes helpful. Some owners report a drop-in dog seizure activity after using acupuncture but, again, check with your vet first

Click on the links Underlined to find product 

 

Self-Warming Beds Benefits for your Pets

 There are several benefits with heated beds especially with older pets for any joint pain, helps with convalescing or sick pet assist their immune system giving them a boost encourages rest and relaxation in the warmth of their bed which also helps with both mood and health.

Cats need warmth and comfort curling up into a ball, my cats curl up together or like to settle down closely to me for security and affection.

Especially when you are not in this helps them when they are alone and ageing cats feel the cold more and often suffer from arthritis this is where it can make a huge difference.

Is great for managing pain, sore muscles, weak joints and releases tension, cats that are exposed to low temperatures and harsh winds often their immune system is weakened which makes them more susceptible to catching feline colds, flu and other illnesses.

Therefore, if your loved cat does get viruses or becomes unwell a warm and relaxed bed will help the body to heal faster and strengthen the immune system.

There are several types on the market to choose from like microwavable pads, thermal beds, electric beds or ones that sit on the radiator.

Healthy happy cats cost less since visits to the vet are rare and with a contented pet, they respect their surroundings more, cats that do not get what they need let you know in unfavourable ways.

Cats love softness and padding and often need to have an area they call their own it gives the same security and love a mother cat gives her kitten.

Leaving you to enjoy the benefits of your furry friend.

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Sense of cat’s smell

A domestic cat’s sense of smell is about fourteen times as strong as humans, cats have twice as many receptors in the olfactory epithelium as humans.

The human nose has about 5 million olfactory receptors, microscopic proteins that allow us to detect odours, although cats are not as effective as dogs, they have 149 million and 300 million receptors to cats which has 45 million to 80 million receptors.

Cats are like dogs they use their sense of smell to gather information, including information about us their human scent is comforting to them, their nose is an important sense organ.

Cats have 200 million scent receptors in their nasal cavity, most breed of dogs do not have even close that number. Cat’s sense of smell guides her to their prey, tells her if food is edible or toxic, tells her where you have been and even helps her find her way home.

Outdoor cats mark their territory with urine or feces, this is to inform them of an intruder, also can detect a female cat in heat, when females are ready to mate, they release certain pheromones detectable only to the feline nose.

Mutual sniffing is a feline greeting when they sniff each other’s noses sides and butts, and then go about their activities together, the cat’s sense of smell stimulates her appetite a cat has very few taste receptors on their tongues compared to people, therefore smell rather than taste is what stimulates them. In cases where cats cannot smell their food, they will go off food.

 Since cat’s have very strong sensitive noses very strong odours are distasteful and painful, products that smell of citrus and tea tree some cat’s dislike.

Cat’s noses often reflect the colour of their fur like black cats have black noses, white cats have pink noses, orange cats have orange noses, grey cats have grey noses, multicoloured cats have multicoloured noses and so on.

Every cat is unique, noses are like fingerprints they form their personalities and have unique patterns, bumps, and ridges.

When a cat licks its nose, it removes any residue such as pollen that may linger and interfere with the cat’s need to smell each other and things.

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Sepsis in Cats

Sepsis in cats can be challenging to recognize, Sepsis is defined as a systemic inflammatory response syndrome a secondary to an infectious process, Septic shock is a progression of this inflammatory response resulting in cardiovascular dysfunction caused by an overwhelming infection in the body results in severe inflammation untreated it results in severe sepsis which can cause multi organ failure.

There has been numerous studies documented an inappropriately low heart rate in cats with severe systemic illness and sepsis this response to critical illness appears to be unique to the feline species cats should be evaluated for the presence of hypoglycemia too much insulin which may cause blood sugar level to drop too low manifestation of sepsis , this phase rarely seen in cats. Instead cats often present with pale mucous membranes prolonged any of the fine branching blood vessels that form a network between the arterioles and venules which is a tube that has an internal diameter of hair like thinness resulting in poor to absent pulses.

Septic cat is frequently hypothermic with temperature often below 99 degrees F and occasionally too low to register on conventional digital thermometers. The systemic effects of this severe hypothermia are widespread including compromise of cardiovascular, respiratory, central nervo anus system and the flow of blood within the organs and tissues of the body. Rewarming of these cats is initially done by administering warm intravenous fluids after an initial bolus, external warming should be instituted.

In a seriously ill cat could result in underlying organ dysfunction with the lungs are often considered the shock organ in cats. As such, septic cats may be particularly susceptible to fluid overload, and pulmonary edema and pleural effusion are common. This pulmonary compromise occurs because of increased vascular permeability, sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction, and decreased colloid oncotic pressure due to hypoalbuminemia. That differs from dogs, in which the liver and gastrointestinal tract are the primary shock organs.

 

In some cases, the source of infection is readily apparent, such as severe bite wounds, penetrating trauma or infected wounds, some cats with severe sepsis may show clinical signs of diffuse abdominal pain. Potential sources of infection in cats include pneumonia, pyothorax, septic peritonitis, septic pancreatitis, pyelonephritis, bacteremia secondary to severe gastrointestinal disease, pyometra, hepatic abscesses, endocarditis, or meningitis. Initial diagnostics in these cases generally consist of a complete blood count, serum biochemistry profile, urinalysis and culture, thoracic and abdominal radiographs, and abdominal ultrasound. Additional diagnostics may include blood cultures, endotracheal wash and culture, echocardiography, CSF tap or diagnostic peritoneal lavage.

Septic cats are often fluid depleted the shock bolus in cats is 50-60 ml/kg of crystalloids or 5ml/kg of colloids, however, care mut be taken when administering fluids and overload pulmonary edema and pleural effusion are common in these patients.

In cats that remain hypotensive despite adequate volume replacement and normothermia, exogenous catecholamine therapy may be necessary. Supplemental oxygen is often necessary in these cats. In addition, the administration of red blood cells to an anaemic patient will improve the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood and therefore improve oxygen delivery. In addition, replacement of coagulation factors with plasma therapy minimizes further blood loss and provides colloidal support. Red blood cell transfusions should be considered in any septic cat with a PCV < 20, and plasma should be administered in cats with prolonged coagulation times.

Appropriate antibiotic therapy is an integral part of the treatment of septic cats. Culture and sensitivity should be used to identify effective antibiotics whenever possible. Broad spectrum antibiotics should be instituted pending sensitivity results

Pain management is also important in these cats, and appropriate use of analgesics is an essential part of appropriate management of the septic cat. Untreated pain in these cats leads to depression, inappetence or anorexia decreased mobility and an increase in stress hormones.

Depending on the case, analgesia can be maintained with either local nerve blocks, epidural analgesia, or parenteral analgesics. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs carry a high risk of renal damage and should be avoided. Constant-rate infusions of analgesics may be helpful to maintain adequate pain control.

In cat septic some of the factors could also be age, concurrent conditions, sex some breeds or families, individual genetic variations or polymorphisms appear to further contribute to disease susceptibility.

The goal when treating septic cats is the same as when treating any other critically ill patient: Maximize perfusion and oxygen delivery to the tissues. Cardiac output is calculated as heart rate x stroke volume. Stroke volume can be improved by maximizing preload with fluid administration. The shock bolus in cats is 50 to 60 ml/kg of crystalloid fluids or 5 ml/kg of colloids given intravenously. Start with small crystalloid boluses of 10 to 20 ml/kg given to effect (normalization of blood pressure or central venous pressure).

Supplemental oxygen is often necessary in septic cats. Increased inspired oxygen can improve oxygen saturation (SpO2) as well as the partial pressure of oxygen in the blood (PaO2),thereby improving oxygen delivery to the tissues. As discussed previously, fluid overload and pulmonary edema are common in septic cats. Inflammatory lung disease (acute respiratory distress syndrome) and pneumonia can also contribute to hypoxia and decreased oxygen delivery. In most cats, treatment in an oxygen cage or oxygen administration by mask is sufficient, but in severe cases, positive pressure ventilation may be necessary.

Septic cats are often anemic and may have a coagulopathy. Administering red blood cells to an anemic patient improves the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood and, thus, improves oxygen delivery to tissues. In addition, replacing coagulation factors by administering plasma minimizes further blood loss and provides colloidal support. Consider a red blood cell transfusion in any septic cat with clinical signs of decreased oxygen delivery (tachypnea, tachycardia or bradycardia, pale gums) and with a packed cell volume < 20. Administer plasma to cats with prolonged coagulation times. Cats with type B blood have autoantibodies to type A blood,25 so blood typing is essential before any blood transfusion. Cats that have been previously transfused should also only be transfused with blood to which they have been crossmatched.

Herb Treatment Good for Cats with Sepsis must be treated quickly as risk from death is high. Mixture: Rosehips, Echinacea, Garlic, Burdock and Red CLover, as well as Bach Flowers Rescue Remedy and Walnut. The mix quickly removes the bacteria and inflammation while strengthening the natural ability to heal.

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Spring and Joy for Cats

This time of the year I look forward to after having my seventeen cats inside over the bad weather the ones that would have died are now fit and healthy and the bond in the group is very strong and soon, they will be able to enjoy the outdoor weather safely.

It is also true for kittens born around this time, with plenty of mice and food to hunt the stray kittens have better chance of survival.

Also, this is around the time of year mating will start and only the strong will survive, the main problem will come later as the weather changes and the cold nights and icy conditions start, this is when cats will have problems.

The other issue for spring cats will be food scraps that have no real nutritional value if maggots and blow flies get on this then this causes illness and can be fatal.

Also, an unkept cat will suffer from fleas and parasites which will eat away at their intestines causing them to bleed which can be contagious to other pets.

An organisation that saved cats the kittens would only eat bread since this is all they could scavenge to survive, cats and kittens will adapt to their conditions, Socks a cat I rescued drinks from the tap even with fresh water about since this is how she learnt to get a drink from taps when left outside.

Cats and kittens that have managed and finally found love and joy and are able to enjoy their lives become very affectionate and attached they are grateful, at first, they will charge for food and growl when they realise there is plenty to go around and are contented, they will settle down.

Ginger Megs I struggled to gain his trust he ate food that was frozen which caused internal damage, he enjoyed the spring summer and autumn and was a totally different cat he played and enjoyed the sun in the hammocks and lived probably six months longer this caused heart issues.

As spring approaches cats should be neutered to avoid such suffering and enjoy the spring with the beautiful butterfly’s, birds and flying objects and the scent of spring, it is also important to know that some of the beautiful flowers are poisonous to cats and can cause kidney and liver problems.

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Stress in Cats   

I have several cats and one of the areas I need to deal with is stress and how to recognise the signs, people are noticing unfavourable behaviour with their cat or kitten, cats are very sensitive and needy creatures. 

If you notice your cat has a change in behaviour like over grooming, loss of appetite, scratching, or disputing with other cats, peeing outside of the litter box, or hiding are signs.  

I had a lodger who brought her pet with her the first night she pees on the bed, because this was unusual surroundings, and the cat was scared this was a way of showing she was not happy.  When there is a change in the household like another person staying or anger in the house cats will pick up on unhappy situations and will let you know by peeing outside of the box or furniture or scratching.  

People think their cat is lonely and needs a friend this can cause stress, when introducing another animal, the present cats need to smell them and get used to them before accepting them especially if one cat is dominant this can cause fights and can be challenging in controlling unwanted behaviour in cats.  

Cats are territorial, so there must be care taken when you have more than one cat, cats talk to us to tell us something is wrong like peeing in the bathtub or meowing a lot, if they are not well then this will cause stress.  

If a cat is scared or feels pushed away, they will hide and may not eat because they are unhappy. 

If there is building work going on and they had a bad experience with men, they can act strangely because cats do not forget a bad experience and it is their way are trying to tell you something. 

Changing feeding times or food can cause unfavourable actions, as can fireworks. I remember one of my cats frozen in the area he was under the parked car which took a while to coax him to me. 

Cats need comfort and reassuring they are just like having children, which means we need to get to know our pets and have patience. 

Change in routine and visit to the vets can cause stress. 

Giving cats attention and showing them, you care always goes a long way, most issues with cats can be dealt with fairly quickly. 

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Supplementing Cat’s Diet can have Great Benefits

What you may not know, Lin-seeds are nutritional known as flax seeds they come in two colours Reddish Brown and Golden they are high in Omega 3 fats provide natural source of energy high in protein and iron rich in fibre and gluten free packed with essential vitamins and mineral such as Zinc, Calcium, Vitamin B1 & B6.

So, what are the benefits? Contains protein and have essential amino acids which are needed to grow muscle mass and maintain normal bones. Iron which helps with normal formation of red blood cells and haemoglobin and aids in the reduction of tiredness helps the immune system, zinc, contains Vitamin B6, and Phosphorus contributes to vision, Thiamine for the heart including calcium for the maintenance of bones and teeth.

Seaweed has an excellent source of micronutrients including folate, calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron, and selenium more importantly is a great source of iodine which contains preformed Omega-3 faty acids DHA and EPA aids with digestion. Has antioxidants which helps with stresses and prevent chronic diseases such as cancer and digestive problems.  

Be aware too much Iodine can cause thyroid problems.

Since seaweed is at the bottom of the food chain it is eaten by other animals, concentration of toxins in seaweed is much less than in fish or other animals that eat the seaweed.

What are the Benefits of Blueberries? They are packed with the antioxidant pigment Anthocyanin which neutralize free radicals which can damage cells and tissues. Tissue damage can be serious can lead to cataracts, glaucoma, haemorrhoids, peptic ulcers, heart disease and cancer.  The blue, red pigments found in blueberries improve the integrity of support structures in the veins and vascular system., improves vision helps protect the brain from stress and reduce age related conditions.

Research was carried out on rats the ones that was feed blueberries had a better learning capability and memory when going through a maze.  

Reduces urinary tract infections, for bacteria to cause disease must first adhere to the mucosal lining of the urethra and bladder, components found in blueberries reduce the ability of E, coli, the bacteria that is the most common cause therefore decreasing the ability of these bacterial infections.

 

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Tea Tree for Cats

Tea Tree Oil, which is sometimes called melaleuca oil, is extracted from the leaves of Melaleuca alternifolia trees and is well known for its powerful antiseptic properties and its ability to treat wounds. It is found in subtropical climates, especially Australia where it has been used for at least the past 100 years, but it also grows well in Spain, Portugal and some of the southernmost regions of the U.S.

It is recommended that you only use for 2 weeks at a time since you can overdose your pet.

Tea Tree is known to be good for pain, cysts sprains etc.

Tea Tree is safe for cats in small concentrations (0.1% to 1%),but do not use 100 percent Tea Tree Oil as this cannot be taken orally and would be poisonous.

When diluted and used safely, Tea Tree Oil can kill and repel fleas. But it is among the herbal treatments listed as “especially risky” in the Merck Veterinary Manual. ... If your cat or dog licks the oil off, which pets tend to do as they groom, your pet could get very sick.

This wonderful essential oil has many medical applications for dogs and cats but must be appropriately diluted to be used safely and effectively.

      Some of the uses of Tea Tree Oil for dogs and cats are as follows: treatment of skin irritation, drug and environmental allergies, wounds which are painful, affected skin sores. Some these ailments can be treated also with Manuka Honey which is derived from the tea tree plant.

  • If the oil is ingested the following can happen depending on the circumstances of exposure: Loss of Co-ordination, Depression, Muscle Weakness / Tremors, Severe Drop in Body Temperature, Collapse, Liver Damage, Vomiting, Diarrhea and in severe cases Seizures.
  • When using for flea control get advice since it depends on size and health history of the cat.

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Trimming Cat Claws

Cats need maintaining like ourselves, if they are in doors a lot then it is necessary to trim your cat’s claws, having scratching posts around the house helps with avoiding your prize possessions being destroyed.

So shortening them is important be careful to make sure this is not a painful procedure and do not clip above the quick they will bleed and this will hurt your cat greatly leaving a bad memory and make it difficult to maintain in future months.

If a cat’s claws are not trimmed on a regular basis they can curl in on themselves and grow into the foot pad, causing intense pain, untrimmed nails can also pose a hazard to people and furniture both of which can be injured by too long claws.

Just trimming the nails will not hurt them use a sharp trimmer like cat trimming scissors or human nail clippers with a sharp trimmer means you can trim while applying less pressure. When a cat squirms, it is because they do not enjoy being restrained or having someone grab their paws.

I have fifteen cats and did them on my own so what is the technique, you get your cat on your lap and comfortable sitting with their back against your tummy and if the cat is all over the place retrain them with a towel or old dressing gown rapped around their main body.

Press on their paws so the claw comes out trim only the edges take off the sharp bits of nail only, do not go near the pink part of the nail this is the quick and it will be a painful experience, and make sure you get the little side claw this will curl right under and can be difficult to get.

Work on the front paws first, once they are done then do the bottom feet only takes minutes, I find by doing this every couple of months this helps with the cats being more settled and happier since cats want to scratch fences and posts to keep their nails in order and in the winter months, I keep them in especially around fire works nights I know they are safe and sound.

My cats love their comforts and like me like to be warm and cosy and have their favourite spots with all cats being done there is less chance off injury.

So trim away carefully, not causing pain.

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Tumours in Cats

Most cells are normal in the cat’s immune system, they are a type of white bold cell. Occasionally a mast cell can become into a tumour logically called a mast cell tumour in fact there are two types skin which is cutaneous mast cell and internal organs visceral mast cell tumours.

Around 20% of skin masses in cats are cutaneous mast cell tumours and 90% of those are benign external skin, mast cell tumours are generally on the head, neck and body they will be small firm raised hairless and can become itchy which will cause the cat to scratch and chew during these flare ups.

Internal organs that can be affected like the spleen and intestine Visceral mast cell tumours can cause lethargy, decreased appetite weight loss or vomiting.

Some tumours grow slow and can spread to nearby tissue when the cells divide or multiply and reach astronomical portions this is normally when the tumour is malignant.

Benign tumours develop from healthy cells, and they usually grow slow over months or even years, they can reach impressive size pushing against organs, but they never spread into the organs. These can be painful, uncomfortable and can be seen with naked eye and often felt, this can cause significant health problems.

Malignant tumours develop from cancer cells, and they usually grow faster virtually destroying natural borders the cells can separate themselves from their respective groups and spread throughout the lymphatic or circulatory system they can grow in the walls of the stomach or intestines where they can float freely in the abdominal cavity.

How to recognise the signs? Lymph node cancer is the highest occurring cancer type in cats, while skin cancer is the second highest.

Squamous cell carcinoma, which appears in the mouth

Osteosarcoma, a cancer which affects the cat like having arthritis, which affects the bones, Breast cancer, which is most common in unsprayed females

Look for any unusual growth, the vet can take blood samples and tests or biopsy of the tumour.

Vomiting and diarrhea, Halitosis bad breath, Difficult walking or moving, particularly a limp in one leg, Weight loss or distended stomach, Swollen lymph nodes

Is recommended to examine your cat once or twice per month begin by petting your cat and calming them and gently examine the entire body feeling for any changes or lumps.

Prevention is important with damage cells ph and cell membrane changes P53 genes monitors the system P53 can destruct the best way to help your cat is to make sure they have a proper nutritional diet, like less grain and more protein such as raw meat, organic in plants like Kale and herbal supplement can keep your cat healthy.

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Unconditional Love

Like other areas of Britain there is a mix of wealth in the community and of course the poorer get hit harder and sometimes the pressure of life has so much bearing that the first thing to go is a cat or dog. In other cases they are just an item and not treasured like we see on the charity ads asking for help I do not totally blame them it is sometimes hard to get help and this is an area I am passionate in and hopefully can make a difference.

I have fifteen cats because of these cats not being wanted and I could not stand the thought of them suffering so I stepped up and have a little family of my own, they are so grateful, you see the love in their eyes they rub against me to tell me they love me.

They often want to be close to me and like a little play time they get on pretty well as a rule they can be mischievous at times, they are like children I realise an animal never forgets they remember what has happened to them and this can reflect in their personalities on how they connect with other animals and yourself.

I notice one key element with animals they honour us humans like gods, they look to us for comfort, for attention and love they watch every move and know you are taking care of them, every cat has changed dramatically, they are calmer and come to me on their terms, reminds of when I was a child and look up to my parents and grand parents they where god in my eyes, these animals are the same.

Animals need attention and care and are like children they need to know what is acceptable and what is not. Even when they are not happy about being looked after properly like washing, teeth cleaning they realise you do this to benefit them, because every cat is treated the same they get on I notice they go by smell and this has a major bearing of acceptance in the group.

When the environment they are in is calm cats are happy when I had people in the home and there was conflict they acted differently becoming shy or destructive they are very tuned into the environment they are in, the love between the animals of caring for each other they are a pack in a way all with their individual beauty in their personalities each giving heaps of love and in a way I found more comfort with them than some people their intentions are just honourable and unconditional love.

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Vitamins and Minerals 

Just like ourselves from time to time young or any age pet may need extra vitamins and minerals to help with a well-balanced diet especially when they are used to a commercial diet.

Like our food a lot of processed food to keep it fresh has preservatives which means they may not be getting all the vitamins and minerals needed and certainly with age they may need extra help since around twelve or so this is when they can get arthritis.

The trick is choosing the correct formula for your pet, if your pet is an older animal then you may need to consider joint health including ingredients like glucosamine and chondroitin for arthritis.

If the cat has flaking skin and dry hair coats, then you may want to include ingredients that add essential fatty acids to the body to increase moisture in the skin and fur.

Fish oil is typically good Vitamins C and E both are well known for their antioxidant properties and can be used to reduce inflammation and may even help to maintain cognitive function in older animals.

For a small animal they often need a little extra to keep them healthy and provide them with strong bones therefore providing the body with calcium and phosphorus while developing helps their bones teeth muscular and nervous systems.

The nutrients required for proper growth in all animals that are essential these are water, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, and vitamins.

Caution: Never overdo It and always follow the recommendations the body will only absorb what is needed.

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Warts What to Do

Are also known as papillomas which are usually small, cauliflower shaped growths. Multiple papillomas is called papillomatosis this occurs in very young animals. Older animals are more likely to exhibit single warts. Multiple warts are easier to diagnose.

Warts are a benign type of tumour of the skin they are usually caused by viruses, there are numerous types of viruses which each cause a slightly different presentation of warts in different areas of the body. Usually not serious or problematic mainly common in dogs.

How do animals get Warts? Contract the virus when they meet another infected animal. Canine papilloma viruses can survive for extended periods of time in the environment and can therefore spread on objects such as bedding or toys. With cats they may spread from cat to cat but cannot spread to humans or dogs, most papillomas will fade over time and can return periodically in different areas.

Young dogs with immature immune systems or dogs with compromised immune systems are more susceptible to more significant infections this is where large numbers of warts develop.

How do they get affected? Through wound or bite, or when immune system is low from virus the warts look like a small cauliflower head it has a stalk leading to a rough textured growth. Sometimes they can be inward growing, or the lesion will be hard scaly plagues found on parts of the body.

Are Viral Papillomas Dangerous? No, generally warts will regress and resolve without requiring treatment, usually within three months. If in the mouth can be problematic.

What are some of the symptoms? A wart could potentially persistently bleed overall a wart will not bother your pet or cause any pain.

Can I prevent my pet from getting warts? To be affected the animal would have meet an infected animal and had abnormal or traumatized skin.

What are some to the Remedies?

Aloe vera Gel or Juice: Make sure it is the real aloe vera gel 99% without additives.

Apple Cider vinegar:  Sock a cotton ball in pure apple cider vinegar, squeeze of the excess liquid and place it on the wart. Put a bandage on top and leave in place overnight. Over a few applications the vinegar will kill the wart turning it black or brown. After this, the dead skin should peel away.

Baking Soda: A universal cleaner and healer, the powder’s strong antiseptic and anti-inflammatory qualities work best on warts when made into a paste with white or apple cider vinegar. Apply to the wart twice a day or overnight, repeat for up to a week until the wart is gone.

Basil Garden grown: Because of its anti-viral components is a great home remedy. Crush up fresh basil leaves into a juicy mush, apply to the wart do for a couple of weeks.

Dandelion Flower: Easy to fine in summer, their milk is known to have wart killing effects. Pick the flower as it blooms, before it turns to white fluff, and try to choose one that has not been sprayed with pesticides. Remove the head of the flower and rub the milk inside the stem onto the wart. Twice a day until gone.

Garlic: Is an antifungal known for its antibacterial and antiviral propertiesCrushed garlic on the wart and wrap it in a bandage, repeat twice a day until the wart dries up and falls off.

Teatree: Fights the virus directly it is also very effective for fungal infections of the skin. Be sure to put the oil only on the affected part. Apply the oil during the day, the tea tree will sock in quickly and work fast.

Vitamin C: Can help get rid of warts, crush up a tablet into power and use a bit of lemon juice or water to make a paste. Place the paste on the wart and cover it, the acid in the powder will kill the growth. Repeat daily until the wart is gone.

I found this article which may be of interest, some good advice.

 

https://thepetsmaster.com/how-to-remove-warts-on-dogs/

 

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Washing your Cat

I have fifteen cats and wash my cats three times a year, a lot of people do not however wash their cat at all, from my own experience I find that cats really hate being washed and I have never come across a cat being happy or easy to wash.

Although after they are dried off and brushed and all the lose fur gone they purr and are happy to be rid of the flea dust and any parasites, their fur is light and fluffy, and they smell wonderful with the lavender in the shampoo this soothes their skin and conditions their fur.

Somehow, they know this is for their wellbeing, when I hunt around for my next victim they escape where they can they meow and show their discontent and are very good at letting the rest know since some you would think they were being murdered.

To wash a cat, I put the cat shampoo on first of all, and move the substance over them I have the sink full of warm water and a plastic jug, important to hold the cat by the back of the neck to keep control, then put them in the bathtub and pour enough over to wash the cat, then rinse the cat down thoroughly.

I dry them with a towel and brush them to get rid of any lose fur or parasites.

Even with regular treatment for fleas and worms’ cats still need further assistance, and in some cases I have found solutions have stopped working so changing what you treat your cat with every now and then can be more effective.

Coming up to summertime they have a lot of excess fur which needs to be got rid of either wise your cats will be coughing up fur balls and being sick.

Also, since cats are very clean animals, they are constantly cleaning themselves with fleas being a constant issue and trying to keep under control, this can add to further problems with internal parasites.

Coming up to winter they are growing their winter coats which is a haven for these parasites with the warmth of their systems, with washing your cat this gets rid of any unwanted visitors, conditioning their coats.

Also, this helps with controlling unwanted parasites and works in well with worming and flea treatment for your cat.

I have found with taking in strays this has helped all the cats to be friends there are very few arguments since cats smell each other and lick each other, they are also more loving and contented, their personalities have changed considerable and on a whole the house hold is a happy one with the cats planning on how to get one over myself.

They work as a team and have been known to open boxes, wrapped presents and get the treats they want I never underestimate the power of a team of cats.

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Watch out for these Plants do not Poison Your Cat

These following plants are toxic to cats, cats love to explore eat and climb therefore be aware of these poisons as lovely as they are. These can affect organs like kidney or heart and can cause inflammation of the skin, mouth stomach etc.

See the Article Produced by Pet Md These are the most common dangers.

The following is a listing of plants that are toxic to cats, as well as the most commonly encountered toxic plants:

 Amaryllis (Amaryllis sp.)

  • Autumn Crocus (Colchicum autumnale)
  • Azaleas and Rhododendrons (Rhododendron sp.)
  • Castor Bean (Ricinus communis)
  • Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum sp.)
  • Cyclamen (Cyclamen sp.)
  • English Ivy (Hedera helix)
  • Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe sp.)
  • Lilies (Lilium sp.)
  • Marijuana (Cannabis sativa)
  • Oleander (Nerium oleander)
  • Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum sp.)
  • Pothos (Epipremnum aureum)
  • Sago Palm (Cycas revoluta)
  • Spanish thyme (Coleus ampoinicus)
  • Tulip and Narcissus bulbs (Tulipa and Narcissus sp.)
  • Yew (Taxus sp.)

  What to Watch For

Since many plants are irritants, especially for the gastrointestinal tract, most symptoms seen will be the result of irritation or inflammation, such as redness, swelling, or itchiness of the skin or mouth.

If the toxic principle directly affects a particular organ, the symptoms seen will be related to that organ. For example:

 Difficulty breathing (if the airways are affected)

  • Drooling or difficulty swallowing (if the mouth, throat, or esophagus is affected)
  • Vomiting (if the stomach or intestines are affected)
  • Diarrhea (if the intestines or colon are affected)
  • Excessive drinking and urinating (if the kidneys are affected)
  • Fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat (if the heart is affected)

 Immediate Care

 If you see your cat eating a plant and you are uncertain if it is poisonous, or if you suspect your cat ate such a plant within the past 1 to 2 hours, you can do the following before you take him to your veterinarian:

 Remove any plant material from the hair and skin.

  1. If it necessary, you can wash the cat with warm water and a little non-irritating dish soap.
  2. The identity of the plant is very important for determining treatment. If you don’t know what kind of plant it is and you can bring it with you, do so. Veterinarians don’t receive much training in plant identification, but every effort needs to be made to identify the plant. If your cat has vomited at all, try to collect some it for the doctor.
  3. Call the Pet Poison Helpline at 1-855-213-6680.

 Veterinary Care 

Diagnosis

The best diagnosis is made by identifying the plant. Your veterinarian will give your cat a physical exam and order such tests as necessary to determine the overall health of your cat. These tests are especially necessary if the plant is known to target specific organs.

 Treatment

 Once your cat has vomited, your veterinarian may give him activated charcoal to absorb any of the toxic principle that may be in the gut. Your vet may administer medication like sucralfate, which protects the damaged areas of the stomach.

Supportive care, such as intravenous fluids or anti-inflammatory medication will be used as needed, especially if the gastrointestinal tract is severely affected.

 Living and Management

 Some plants are fatal for cats when ingested, regardless of how quickly and excellent the care may be. This is usually true of lilies. Other plants may cause enough damage that prolonged aftercare in the form of medication or special diet is needed. Be sure to follow your veterinarian’s instructions.

 Prevention

Take whatever steps you can to protect your cat from exposure to poisonous plants. This includes removing such plants from your home and yard.

Avoid giving your cat a home remedy unless instructed. Do not give your kitty any food, water, milk, salt, oil or any other home remedy unless you know what poison the cat ingested and the specific medication or first aid. Giving any of these without any consultation or instruction from a veterinarian or a Pet Poison Helpline may worsen the condition of your cat.

Usually with poison it affects the kidneys, so water and activated charcoal is best after vomiting.

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Wet vs Dry Cat Food: Which Food Is Better for My Cat?

What kind of food you choose to feed your cat is an important decision? Like humans, the quality and quantity of food play a vital role in her health and well-being. It can be not easy to find healthy options to fit your budget. Cat food is majorly classified into two categories- Dry Food & Wet Food.

Today in this blog, we are going to discuss wet or dry cat food! We will also understand which food is best for cats. So before you buy cat food online, please give it a read below.

Here is some information we have discovered that can help you decide which option best meets your cat's needs.

WET OR DRY CAT FOOD?

You first need to decide if you are going to feed your pet wet or dry food. Wet food comes in cans, and dry food comes in bags, usually in the shape of small pellets. Your choice depends on your pet's preferences. Each type of food has its pros and cons. Dried food costs less than canned food and does not spoil quickly. But it has low moisture content and is high in carbohydrates compared to canned food. Dry food also does a better job of keeping your cat's teeth clean through chewing and crunching.

Wet food is often high in protein and gives your cat extra moisture to promote good kidney and urinary tract function. Most cats enjoy canned food, and you won't have to cum too much to eat them. If your pet is a new addition, you may need to experiment to see what kind of food she likes. If the cat-likes canned or dry food, try first and see if she can eat it. Buy a small bag or just a few boxes if you know the food is not working.

BENEFITS OF WET FOOD FOR CAT

1.      Better Overall Hydration

Cats don't like water! It is observed that cats often avoid drinking standing water. The reason behind this is maybe the standing water is a significant breeding ground for bacteria and insects. Subsequently, cats dislike having water from their bowls. However, water is essential for a cat's body and a better digestion system; in this scenario, it is advisable to serve the cat with wet food to ensure smooth digestion. 

2.      Promotes Lean Body Mass

Vets suggest that wet food provides more protein to cats, supporting a solid muscle system. Having adequate protein and maintaining muscle health help the cat experience healthy adulthood as well as old age.

Cats naturally lose LBM with age. However, you can sustain it by providing high protein in the form of wet food.

3.      Adds More Variety

Just like you and me, even cats don't like eating the same food again and again! They get bored with regular dry food and crave variety. You can satisfy their craving by offering wet food to your cat. When you go to the market to buy cat food, you'll find that there's a wide variety available of wet cat food. Wet food adds a feast to cats' daily meals. Each meal will be like a party for your cat with multiple flavours, colours, and textures of wet food.

BENEFITS OF DRY FOOD FOR CAT

1.      Food Safety

It is a fact that dry food lasts for a long time. Unlike wet food, you can store dry food for days without concerning about food safety. While the wet food hardly stays fresh for a few hours after opening the can, you can use the dry food for 10-15 days. And in some cases, dry food lasts even longer.

2.      Gives More Value

As far as dry food is concerned, let us tell you that it adds more value to cats' diet. While wet food is considered a good source of protein, dry food provides more fibers and other nutrition essential for a cat's better health.

3.      For Picky Cats

Dry food is a perfect option for picky cats. This might sound hilarious, but when cats don't like a particular dish, they tend to get angry spill the food. In this case, wet food becomes messy; however, they can't mess with dry food. It is an easy option for picky cats.

You cannot rely entirely on one type of food, be it wet or dry food; too much or too little of both can be harmful. Thus, it is advisable to maintain a balance between dry food and wet food for your cat. You try to train your cat for both dry and wet food as both are equally necessary for her well-being.

What are you waiting for? Just go and buy cat food online, and don't forget to add a combination of wet and dry food.

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What are the benefits of B 12 for Cats?

Some cats will benefit from B12 vitamins especially if they are in poor health, since this can help fight off certain diseases. Cats suffering from diabetes, gastrointestinal disease, irritable bowel, kidney or renal failure poor condition, stray and elderly cats or cats untreated flea infestations benefit greatly also helps with nerve damage or nerve pain known as neuropathy which caused by deficiency of vitamins.

Vitamin B12 is found in many foods especially animal products this also helps with formation of red blood cells and maintaining the central nervous system vitamin b12 is required for the proper function and development of the brain.

Is suggested that it may preserve eyesight, fight heart disease aid stroke recovery and help with defence against forms of cancer

So, what are the signs of Deficiency? Digestive disorders, Anaemia, Loss of Balance, Weakness the side effects include diarrhoea, blood clots, itching and severe allergic reactions.

Providing B12 will also help the cats fur improving the condition.

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What are the benefits of Raspberry Leaf?

This if very popular with breeders Raspberry Leaf will help ensure that your dog or cat’s labour runs smoothly. This really helps where a difficult delivery is anticipated and is recommended for every pregnancy to help ensure an easy delivery. This is also useful aid in the prevention of pseudo-pregnancy (false pregnancy/phantom pregnancy) in dogs and cats a condition where milk is produced in the absence of actual pregnancy, and which is often persistent after each oestrus (called heat or season).

This traditional herb remedy for the symptomatic relief of problems associated with whelping of kittens is an aid in the prevention of pseudo-pregnancy in dogs and cats.

 Other benefits are tones and strengthens smooth muscle such as the uterus and bladder since it ensures an easy and straightforward delivery and has been known as a birth aid for hundreds of years. This has been known to help with births that have experienced problems with delivery having normal births by suppling this a week after birth will help with ensuring complete expulsion of the placentas.

 Other benefits are Vitamin C found in raspberries has helped with skin tissue repair damaged tissues and can aid in cell regeneration and help with bones ligaments and blood vessels as well.
  
 With both Vitamin A and C found in raspberries will contribute to eye health as well as phenols and antioxidants this protects the eye from dryness and other pollutants and aids in weight loss.

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What are the benefits of Using Natural Herbs to Help with a Cat’s Wellbeing like Turmeric as well as Humans?

Turmeric is safe for humans, cats, and dogs with no side effects. Turmeric contains powerful organic compound, which is curcumin, this is responsible for shrinking cancer cells and has many benefits associated with consumption which is responsible for anti-inflammatory and antioxidant actives good for health and is a very powerful spice.

Antioxidants protect cell’s DNA from damages which can divide haphazardly and cause a tumour or even cysts with cats the foods they eat, stress like humans they can be at risk.

If your cat is suffering from any type of cancer turmeric will stimulate and increase immune function, this will help with fighting off tumours and cancer cells more efficiently and be more effective.

Giving this spice daily has been known to also assist with diabetes which is an inflammatory disease pancreatic cells are going to lose their strength and ability to produce enough insulin and therefore people and cats can suffer from diabetes with overweight animals that laze around they can be at risk.

This powerful herb can help if your cat is suffering from yeast, parasites, or any antifungal properties

Indians have known of the health benefits for thousands of years they used this powerful spice for medicinal purposes grown in South Asia this herb is from the ginger family Zingiberaceae which we know as Indian Saffron the root is ground to a powder and is used for curries.

So, what are some of the health benefits, it has anti- inflammatory and disinfecting properties when applied to cuts and abrasions it has healing powers.

There are no side effects like some modern medicines this spice can aid in relief to arthritis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis and slow the progression of multiple sclerosis, help in weight management, bad cholesterol from the liver and enhances liver function this is because of its detoxification and anti-inflammatory qualities, can be used for dietary supplement for relief from irritable bowel syndrome and stomach disorders also reduction of gas and bloating.  Turmeric has two inflammatory enzymes, lox and cox-2 this can help reduce the build-up of plague associated with cardiovascular disease and leukaemia.

Turmeric prevents and slows the progression of Alzheimer disease by removing amyloid plague from the brain.

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What are the views on Tags and Collars for Cats?

This is much to a personal preference some are sceptical with having collars and tags on pets the main concern is with cats getting caught and strangling from trees and confined spaces, therefore when considering a collar make sure It has safety features that release.

In favour of such items, people know this cat belongs to someone and is not a stray or dumped with tags if a cat is lost, they can be returned to the rightful owner.

Also, with bells gives a way of alarming birds and small creatures giving them a chance to survive when a father or mother of an animal is killed this impact on the young and the survival of the species.

Gives your cat identity and a personal touch with the type of collar or tag chosen and is easily identified.

When cats get in fights, they can get their claws caught in the collar although most cats that have been neutered have a clam way about them and are unlikely to get into scraps mainly because they are well feed and cared for and have a purpose.

In today’s market there is plenty of choice and colours and a ride range of material used to give that special feel for your loved pet.

Make sure collar is not too tight rule of thumb be able to put the tip of your fingers between the cat and collar.

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What can be done for Overweight and Lethargy in Cats?

Herbal treatment is great for helping with issues in cats for instance if you take Damiana which was first used by the indigenous Guaycura in the Baja region of Mexico during religious ceremonies.

Damiana is great for helping your cat relax and is responsible for producing a calming effect on the nervous system, and an antidepressant which also can treat the fatigue and low energy levels is also used for weight loss this can make the animal feel fuller and boost energy levels.

If there is stress this can help in this area as well as digestion by breaking down fats and sugars and improves the way the body absorbs nutrients.  This herb helps with indigestion and constipation due to its mild laxative properties and keep digestive tract free from toxins.

The damiana herb is rich in antioxidants which has a significant beneficial effect on kidney mitochondria and can also fight off diseases like cancer, heart disease.

Antioxidants can protect cells from damage caused by free radicals in the air due to pollution, chemicals, smoking and a variety of other factors and is known by scientist that they are good for increasing energy levels, reducing inflammation, improving metabolism and more.

Kola nut is used as supplement to increase energy and improve health the nut comes from the evergreen kola tree, which is found in the rain forests of Africa. Inside the tree’s star-shaped fruits are white shells which contain the seeds of kola nuts.

In fact, in Nigeria it is an important cultural symbol for many ethnic groups it is given to guests at weddings, funerals and ceremonies. It is also used in medicine; ceremonial breaking of the kola nut is important for making people feel welcome in the village gathering.

So, what are the benefits?

Boost metabolism and aid in digestion, promotes the production of gastric acid, which increases digestive enzyme effectiveness in the stomach. Increase in circulation and boost energy levels has antibacterial benefits the kola nut extract might stop the growth of harmful bacteria may kill cancer cells and stop tumours from growing and helps with pain and breathing.

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What causes Blindness in Cats

Cats have superior eye site to humans, when an owner notices their cat going blind it can be stressful and in some cases this may not be obvious in the beginning.

So, what are the Causes?

Hypertension or high blood pressure can cause sudden vision loss, this is the most common cause of blindness and is more frequent in senior cats, this can be caused by an underlying condition. High blood pressure this is where damage can occur to small blood vessels in the back of the eye that can lead to bleeding, or fluid leaking out of the vessels, causes retinal detachment, so the cat will no longer be able to see.

Optic neuritis is a condition where the optic nerves that carries the visual information to the brain becomes inflamed and as a result no longer functions, causing blindness this is a rare disease in cats.

Diseases of the Brain since the visual signals pass through the optic nerves to the brain and are processed within the brain, if there are diseases affecting the brain, like infections inflammatory conditions or tumours this can potentially lead to blindness.

Retinal Degeneration Just as with humans, cat’s can suffer with degeneration of the layer of light sensitive cells at the back of the eye the retina which is responsible for vision. This is often a slow process which allows cats to adjust to their reduced vision, however on rare occasions this can be sudden.

Cataracts This is rarer in cats than dogs, because cataracts can lead to Glaucoma, it is important to search out and treat the underlying cause if cataracts are found, surgery to remove the affected lens is possible and lens implants are sometimes used to approximate normal vision.

Glaucoma increased pressure within the eye is one of the most prevalent cause of blindness in cats, it can be treated in early stages with medication to help reduce the intraocular pressure, by a calcium channel blocker which may also help to prevent damage to the retina and optic nerve in advanced cases.

Eye Tumours such as Iris Melanoma tumours of the eyelid, and other types of tumours.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy is an untreatable condition that is most likely inherited, it progresses slowly but eventually results in total blindness. The condition is not painful and because of the gradual nature cats often cope well with the decreasing ability to see.

Injury to the Eye

Conjunctivitis is an inflammation or reddening of the pink membrane that lines the eyelid, often causing Squinting eyes, Herpesvirus is of the source of conjunctivitis in cats’ eyes. Stress is a key factor in repeated instances, is important this is treated.

How do Blind Cats Cope?

Cats are very resilient they can adapt their senses enhance they use their hearing, whiskers, smell, and touch and vibrissae hairs on their feet and their face to compensate for loss of vision they can do this so well others may not realise they are in fact blind.

How to Assist your Cat? Keep furniture in the same place and keep to your cat’s normal routine as unchanged as possible, their food dish, bed, litter box and other needs should be in their normal places. Try to avoid moving furniture and keep any stumbling blocks out of their way, always try to relax your cat. Make children aware and no sudden noises and rushing to the cat this can scare them and make them uneasy.

Diet often has a lot to do with conditions so keeping your cat healthy with good food is key some herbal remedies for site are Ginkgo Biloba, Bilberry, Omega 3 Vitamin E and Fennel. Warm Salty water to clean the eye.

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What is Feline Stomatitis?

Is a dental disease, certain viruses and some other inflammatory conditions can cause feline stomatitis, this is severe and painful inflammation of a cat’s mouth and gums it results in inflammation of the mucosal tissue of the mouth.

Often because of the extreme pain cat will go off their food, and may paw at their mouths, you may also notice personality changes they can have bloody saliva and may lose weight.

This can be transmitted to humans and other animals through a scratch or bite’.

Bartonella infection which may be from chronic inflammatory conditions such as asstomatitis inflammation of the mouth, gingivitis inflammation of the gums and inflammatory bowel disease. This is primarily transmitted to cats by fleas.

Vets will likely recommend managing a dental disease as part of the overall treatment plan there is no single cause of stomatitis the belief is chronic viral infections such as calicivirus and herpesvirus which weakens the cat’s immune systems which can result in FIV infection and are prone to having chronic viral infections.

Pain management is crucial they may prescribe anti-inflammatory steroids to treat the infection and reduce bacteria.

Stoma Is when there is an opening of oral cavity or mouth inflammation.

What are the signs? 
 

They will have bad breath their gums will be inflamed and red, if it spreads will go to the teeth eating and swallowing will become difficult and painful.

Many cats will have tooth resorption, it may appear to be growing into a tooth or the tooth may appear to have a hole.

Some of the herbal remedies that can help are Myrtle, Safflower and building up the immune system to assist with recovery.

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What is Pyothorax?

A chest infection and can be life threatening it is caused by abnormal infection in the thorax not in the lungs themselves versus bacterial pneumonia which is an infection within the lung.

Although there may not be pus in the lungs, but rather in the sterile space surrounding the lungs as more and more pus accumulates in the pleural cavity which is the space surrounding the lungs and heart it will compress the lungs, making breathing more difficult.

Also, the pus can result in septic shock an overwhelming bacterial infection in the bloodstream this more apparent in cats than dogs which is an infection that progresses in the chest cavity this happens more so in multiply cat households rather than one cat household.

Younger cats are more prone than older cats especially if a bite wound to the thorax can result in pyothorax.

So, what are the signs? Lethargy or not moving much, drooling, not eating and anorexia, hiding in unusual places like under beds closets they are warm to touch have fever, a slow heart rate or abnormally elevated heart rate, vomiting, dehydration, an increased respiratory rate 40 breaths per minute or constant panting.

They may seem to be out of shape when walking, hunched over, open mouth breathing difficulty, blue tinged gums stretched neck sitting up to breath, using the abdomen to breath better.

What causes Pyothorax? Usually caused by a bacterial infection in the chest cavity, in most cases pus is present in both sides of the chest although occasionally only one side will be affected this happens with penetrating wounds to the chest wall, wounds to internal structures such as esophagus or windpipe especially following ingestion or inhalation of a foreign object. Migrating foreign body such as a grass seed that entered the body elsewhere or from an infection of the lungs.

If concerned seek medical advice, herbal treatment can help.

 

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What should I do if my cat gets stung by a Bee or Wasp?

We all know kittens and cats are curious they want to explore and play with any small flying thing including bees and wasp and the chance of being stung can be high, especially in those summer months.

First, check for signs of severe reaction depending on where your cat was stung to what immediate medical attention that may be needed.  So, what are you looking for, rapid or laboured breathing, facial swelling, pale gums or mucous membranes, vomiting especially within the first 5-10 minutes, diarrhoea, weak or rapid heartbeat, collapse.

Determine if you can what stung your cat for instance bees usually leaf their sting in and are different from wasp or hornet stings, you will need to take a different approach to treatment, wasps do not leave their sting behind.

A bee sting is venom is acidic, while wasp venom is alkaline it is best to try and neutralise the sting with an alkaline, substance like baking soda or an acid, substance like vinegar.  

How to remove the stinger? The stinger will look like a small black splinter with a bee it will be embedded in the cat’s skin, therefore try to remove the sting with the edge of a credit card, fingernail, a butter knife, do not use tweezers or pinch it out with your fingers you will be squeezing more venom into the wound. Apply a cold compress to the site of the sting this will help soothe inflammation and reduce swelling. Continue with five-minute interviews over an hour.

Apply a paste of baking soda and water to the site of the sting with this solution you mix three parts baking soda, sodium bicarbonate and one-part water, this you apply once every two hours until the swelling diminishes this is providing you know the sting is a bee sting.

If it is a wasp then apply apple cider vinegar instead. Take care not get any of these substances in your cats’ eyes. Keep an eye on your cats’ condition.

Benadryl can be used to help reduce inflammation, itching and discomfort other medications for humans can be harmful to cats. Pure Aloe gel is also good to use, of course keep away from cats’ eyes.

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What to do when a cat has a wound

Cats are susceptible to injury with cuts, bruises, lacerations, scrapes and abrasions, if this is not treated can be life threatening unless of course they are major injuries needing medical care.

Look out for bleeding, swelling, missing hair, cut, scraped or torn skin, limping, tenderness or pain. If a wound is seen when it is fresh, and not treated it can become infected adding to swelling and tenderness. You may notice the discharge of pus from the wound; it is important any puss is gotten rid of since this can poison the body. If this stays under the skin this is when it results in abscesses resulting in a hole in the skin when the abscess breaks open and drain. If a cat becomes lethargic and the ears feel hot to the touch, then this is signs of fever.

Often this is caused by bumping or hitting sharp objects avoiding cars or attack from other animals. My cat Spot was bitten in the head by an affected cat, he was eventually diagnosed with feline AIDS, he became tatty looking and in the end all his organs started to break down.

Let’s look at Immediate Care.

If the cat is bleeding apply direct pressure to the wound cover with sterile gauze or clean cloth and then pressure applied, normally 5-10 minutes for bleeding to stop. Do not remove; let it clot and stop bleeding. Check for other wounds, if there is not bleeding and the cut or scrape appears minor try cleaning the wound with antiseptic wound for cat’s tea tree for animals is good for this. Antiseptic solutions are also made by diluting concentrated solutions like povidone iodine or chlorhexidine diacetate; do not use alcohol or hydrogen peroxide as this will damage the tissue. Chlorhexidine should be diluted to pale blue; the safest way is to have cat prepared solution on hand.

With small abrasions, tea tree antiseptic cream can be used. 

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What Treatments Do Vets Recommend Getting Rid of Fleas on Cats?

Does your cat scratch too much? Or often chew its skin? Or stay restless? All these signs could mean that your cat has fleas! If your cat experiences any of these signs, it is alarming as it doesn't only trouble the cat but can also cause health issues to the family members. Today in this blog, we are going to talk about some essential points about cats' skincare. We will discuss how to get rid of fleas on cats. Further, we will also discuss the best flea treatments for cats.

But before we jump on the treatment part, let us first tell you how to identify if your cats have fleas?

HERE'S HOW YOU CAN IDENTIFY FLEAS ON YOUR CAT'S SKIN!

You just see the symptoms; assuming that it's a flea on your cat's skin will not help! Before spending money on treatment, first, it is essential to be sure if your cat has fleas or not.

Observe the cat and see if there's any movement on the cat's skin or in the fur. If you find any movement, this could be tiny bugs, and it is a sign that you get ready to deal with the fleas.

HOW TO GET RID OF FLEAS ON CATS?

Here's how you can help your cat get rid of fleas:

  • Maintain proper hygiene
  • Provide timely grooming
  • Ensure a nutritious diet for a cat
  • Bath your cat
  • Regularly use disinfect spray in the house

BEST FLEA TREATMENTS FOR CATS

1. Treat Your Home For Fleas

There's no point in treating your pet if you're not treating your home. Hence make sure to clean your home regularly and use the disinfecting spray in sensitive areas.

2. Topical Flea Treatment

Topical treatment is the most popular one because of its easy application. Topic products work quickly.

3. Oral Flea Treatment

Your vet will also agree that oral medications are more effective for cats as it provides full-coverage protection.

Which treatment will be best for your cat depends on the type of cat's skin condition?

Skin Care Tips for Cats

Skincare for cats is as important as it is for humans. Here're some tips that you should follow to ensure healthy skin for your cat.

·         Provide Good Diet

The first and foremost thing to ensure better skincare for your cat is to provide a good diet. You might take it lightly, but an inadequate diet and lack of nutrition can lead your cat's skin to fleas and other skin-related issues, keeping the cat restless.

·         Flea Prevention

Fleas don't only make the cats restless but also cause several other diseases in them. It is a severe illness that shouldn't be ignored. For healthy skin, it is better to do flea prevention in advance.

·         Good Grooming Habits

Grooming is essential for every living being on the planet. Whether it is humans, plants, or animals, routine grooming is required for everyone. Similarly, cats also require good and timely grooming for healthy flea-free skin.

·         Use Shampoo as Per Skin Conditions

Just like any other creature, cats, too, have different kinds of hair and skin conditions. Subsequently, they have different skincare requirements. So while buying skincare products and shampoo for your cat, just don't select anything randomly. Instead, buy shampoo as per the skin conditions of the cat.

·         Look After Their Stress

If the cat is stressed or unhappy, they will experience lousy health, and even their fur and skin become unhealthy. Thus, as a part of a cat's skincare routine, you should ensure that your cat is stress-free and happy.

Some General Tips for Pet Cats

  • The first thing you should keep in mind is to take your kittens to the doctor and get them vaccinated. These vaccines protect kittens from many deadly diseases and protect you from their poison.
  • A human child sleeps more in the beginning after birth. Similar kittens also sleep longer during the day. So, if you have kittens in your house, do not bother letting them sleep.
  • Do not take the kitten outside too much. Because taking it out can cause many diseases.
  • Kittens need twice as much nutrition as an adult cat. When they are 5-6 months old, they should be given food four times a day.
  • If you have both a dog and a cat in your house, do not feed the dog with dog food. To provide the right kind of nutrition, he should constantly be fed with cats too.

No matter how hard you try and how much you care for the cat, you cannot eliminate the possibility of the flea. In case your cat has fleas, quickly find the proper treatment. However, with an abundance of flea treatments available in the market, finding the best flea treatment for your cat could be challenging. But you can make it easier by just being a little bright!

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When do you need to consider Joint Care?

As cats and dogs age just like us humans they can suffer with degenerative arthritis which causes varying degrees of lameness and stiffness followed by joint pain which can be apparent first thing the in morning or after they get up.

This is where joint care can play a large part in controlling pain and inflammation as well as help with slowing down the degeneration, with some they contain adaptogens which helps the body adapt to stress and support normal metabolic processes and restore balance also increases the body’s resistance to physical, biological, emotional and environmental stresses and promote normal physiological function and has anti-inflammatory properties.

 So, what are the Key Benefits? 

Giving the supplements needed helps stiff joints and lubricate joints for mobility providing a range of vitamins and minerals needed for good health slowing down degeneration giving back mobility.

 

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Why are Multivitamins Good for your Pet?

Just like us, our animals sometimes need extra vitamins and minerals to help keep healthy depending on the pet food you buy some will have more nutrient than others.

When trace minerals are deficient in food and water, the bodies defense systems cannot operate properly essential vitamins A and E helps with burning off fat and fights of disease these vitamins also contribute to eye and skin health, liver is a good source of vitamin A. B12 aids with growth and development. Calcium for bones and teeth, animals lacking proper amounts of copper, iron, selenium are more likely to develop diseases.

When animals are prescribed drugs like antibiotics this can kill off the good and bad germs since the medication rarely discriminate between good and bad leaving the bad germs to take over. Indeed, antibiotics are good for bacteria treatment.

Building up the immune system helps with keeping healthy.

Vitamins help to fortify the immune system controlling the bodies appropriation of minerals however if the body lacks vitamins and minerals this is when the body struggles to fight disease by supplementing their diet from time to time can help with making sure they are getting all the vitamins and minerals needed a lot of pet’s processed food is loaded with chemicals and artificial colours lacking in essential vitamins.

Vitamins come in two main groups fast soluble and water-soluble Vitamins A D E and K are fat soluble dissolved in fats. A for skin, Vitamin D for healthy bones and teeth E for antioxidant and K is the blood clotting vitamin

Look for foods with no preservatives and artificial colours and good sound ingredients.

Most pet supplements lack vitamin C, dogs and cats and mammals produce their own vitamin C internally, however dogs and cats are minimal producers this plays a major role in building of collagen, the connective tissue that literally holds the body together.

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Why cats put on weight after Neutering and how to deal with Stomach Pain

Female and Male cats will gain some weight after being neutered or sprayed. The reason for this is because a cat’s metabolism slows down a bit with hormonal changes. Gonadal hormones oestradiol, progesterone and testosterone not only control the production of reproductive cells but are also recognised to influence general metabolism and food intake as well as prolactin and leptin hormones.

From the interruption of gonadal hormone production and release which happens after neutering, prolactin the synthesised in the pituitary gland is also shown to increase as des leptin which is synthesised in the liver and hyperleptinaemia which has been found to induce obesity therefore this may cause some of the body fat to be redistributed to other parts of the body, especially around the abdomen resulting in abdominal fat pad.

Switching to adult maintenance food can help with controlling calories.

If you discover your cat is having abdominal pain by pawing at their stomach, crouched instead of sitting or tender to touch this could mean they are suffering a urinary tract infection, organ disease, a blockage of digestive tract or internal bleeding.

Look out for Vomiting, Diarrhea, Loss of appetite, Blood in Feces or difficulty urinating or Change in Posture. Pain could be caused by pancreatitis inflammation in pancreas, cancer Ruptured bladder, Kidney stones, Ascites build up of fluid within abdominal cavity, Bacterial infection or Parasites or Tumours, Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Solutions that can help Kefir which is a fermented milk beverage that contains beneficial probiotics   ginger as well as bach flower essences such as scleranthus, rock rose or rescue remedy. Essential Oils are very powerful for healing tools even in tiny amounts, tarragon, lemongrass, cardamom and spearmint cats are more sensitive to essential oils.

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Why Cleaning Cats Teeth is Important

Cats suffer gum disease in the same way humans do since like us they have food particles trapped and collecting along the gum line forming into plague. if the plaque with minerals in the saliva combine and forming tartar or calculus will attach to the tooth causing decay if this is not removed by cleaning the teeth this can cause not only loss of teeth and gum issues other complications can occur.

When bacteria and plaque is apparent the cat will grind their teeth, it will cause irritation and can result in gum inflammation (gingivitis) prior to this as an owner you will see nothing, if the calculus is not removed this can separate the gum from the teeth allowing even more bacteria to enter. This is called periodontal disease.

This can result in bacteria entering the bloodstream that could end up causing direct infection of the heart valves or disease to parts of the body like kidneys and liver.

If the cat needs to see a vet this could be very expensive if they need canal treatment which is common, or full extraction, signs could be increased drooling, pawing at the mouth, loss of appetite, nasal discharge if extreme, increased sensitivity around the mouth.

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Why Comfrey and Calendula?

When you go back to ancient times comfrey was called knit bone, since it was known to all. Heal or woundwort Latin name Symphytum which means heal together, also known as ass ear, black root, blacwort, bruise wort, consound, gum plant a healing herb parts used from leaves and roots.

For many years this has been used for cuts, bruises, fractures, sprains injured tendons and ligaments, sores and skin ulcers.

It is an emollient soothing on the skin used for scars and blemishes the main component of comfrey is responsible for growth and multiplication of skin cells.

In rural area of Aberdeenshire only the most perfect leaves are selected by hand for optimum efficacy and slowly macerated cold in organic sunflower oil, the ointment is a luscious green colour from the herb which provides a wonderful feel on the skin.

Combination of nourishing carrier oils and soothing organic lavender essential oil is completed by beeswax which gives extra protection and added barrier.

Comfrey goes back thousands of years, was cultivated by the Roman Army travelling extensively is known for bone knitting and wound healing virtues.

Comfrey appears in monastery writings and herbals from 1000AD and Saxon herbariums recommended it for internal bleeding, ruptures and hernias.

The roots of leaves of the comfrey plant contain chemical substances called allantoin and rosmarinic acid which boosts the growth of new skin cells, while rosmarinic acid helps relieve pain and inflammation.

The major constituent of the Comfrey plant is mucilage, other constituents include allantioin, polyphenois, amino acids, phytosterois, triterpenoids, saccharides and pyrrolizidine alkaloids can speed up radical healing

Comfrey also contains bone strengthening vitamins and minerals such as vitamin c, Calcium and Magnesium comfrey compresses, and ointments are used topically to facilitate the healing of bones and wounds. Most importantly wounds are completely clean before applying.

This is because Comfrey promotes skin to regrow so fast that can trap any debris left in the wound. Also helps with muscle and joint pain.

Comfrey healing properties also encompass the skin, with its wonder ingredient allantoin, hydrating, naturally exfoliating, repairing, protecting, and soothing the skin. Due to Comfreys high antioxidant status, also helps to reduce free radical activity on the skin.

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Why consider Elderberry and Nettle Extract

Elderberry has been used for centuries for sickness and wounds the Latin name is Sambucus also known as Black Elderberry, European Elderberry, European Elder the origin is Europe North America which the berries and flowers are parts used.

Traditional use was back dated to prehistoric man which date back as far as Ancient Egypt some had the tincture buried with them. Because of the wide variety of ailments, it seemed to cure the Ancient Greek declared it as known as the “father of medicine”.

The powerful antioxidants work to keep the immune system strong and resilient with research carried out it has shown that the anthocyanins in elderberries boost the production of cytokines proteins that act as messengers within the immune system, enhancing the body’s immune response the Cytokines play a crucial role in the immune system’s response to disease which works in very similar ways to hormones.

Can be both inflammatory or anti-inflammatory depending on what is needed and are released by immune cells either directly into the blood stream or into the body tissue during an immune response.

Since the tiny berries are believed to contain antiviral agents the compounds are so potent, they are thought to deactivate viruses. Viruses are unable to multiply on their own and need to get inside a healthy cell to do so.

These berries are cleverly coated with haemagglutinin spikes to help them pierce the cell wall they are also covered with enzymes which the virus uses to break down the cell wall. The viral spikes are also covered with enzymes which the virus uses to break down the cell wall. Because Elderberries have a high concentration of bioflavonoids which appear to inhibit the action of this enzyme it deactivates viruses rendering them unable to pierce the cell wall and replicate.

Elderflower is also packed with bio-flavonoids that help to boost the immune system which are also effective in killing common pathogens.

This is also used for infection to bladder and or kidneys its anti-inflammatory properties help reduce inflammation and increases the health of the gastrointestinal system also increase nutrient uptake efficiency, especially in the gut.

Source of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin B-6, Calcium, Potassium and iron. Because of the potent source of carotenoid pigments or flavonoids with antioxidant properties including quercetin this is what helps protect cells from oxidative damage according to the University of Maryland Medical Center.

Benefits: Immune support, Healthy skin and coat reducing free radical damage which is one of the primary mechanisms of ageing, Fluid Balance, helps with the body’s natural defences boosting wellness.

Stinging Nettle root is used for urination problems related to enlarged prostate and irritable bladder also helps with allergies, hay fever and osteoarthritis, poor circulation, diabetes and stomach disorders, stomach acid and diarrhoea, cancer, blood purification and wound healing.

Stinging nettle leaf has been used by the Ancient Greek primarily as a diuretic and laxative.

Benefits of the Nettle contains vitamins C and K, B vitamins as well as minerals like calcium, magnesium and iron also has amino acids and antioxidants which can help fight free radicals also helps with flushing out harmful chemicals and excess liquids from the body which is called spring tonic cleanse the body toxins. Because the nettle contains iron and vitamin c it improves the body’s absorption of iron reduces tension in arteries and blood vessels lowing risk of strokes. Also reduces arthritis and helps relieve joint pain when tested on lab rats had a positive effect on the prostate and may aid in the prevention of benign prostate hyperplasia which is the noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. It was found the herb limits and regulates the amount of testosterone.

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Why do cats lick and sniff other cats’ bottoms?

I have seventeen cats’ since they have been regularly dumped, especially when they are getting on in years. I guess this is because people do not want the expense of vet’s bills and do not know how to care for their pet reducing unnecessary cost.

Cats will often head butt which will trigger the release of scent glands and reinforce their social bonding, this is probably why they are a pack and look after each other when there is not that odd squabble.

Licking and grooming each other is a sure sign of bonding and considering them as part of the family and this means that love and trust has been built.

It is a friendly and polite handshake between two cats, they recognise each other through scent glands. Cats have scent glands in their butts and a sniff can tell a cat everything about the other cat. Therefore, butt licking and sniffing is a very natural, instinctual and form of communication this is how they reinforce their bond. They have strong sense of smell and detect signals in the chemicals in smelly oil from the anal glands.

Cats will engage in social grooming and especially lick each other on the head and face, with male cats this could be a way of courting.

Cats are very hygienic when they are kittens the mother will clean them, including their genital areas to be rid of any fesces or urine that might be on their fur without the cleanliness this can cause some serious problems.

In fact, cats have amazing sense of smell it is reported to be approximately 40 times more smell sensing cells in their nasal passages than humans giving them a super ability to sniff, cats rely on this sensory information far more than us. A cat entering the room can perceive if another cat was previously in the room was happy, stressed, scared or on heat. It also tells them if the other cat is likely to be friendly or not friendly.

Cats have prominent and active scent glands on their head, neck, paws, chest, and base of the tail, as well as active anal glands. These apocrine glands, which sit on each side of a cat’s rectum, produce strong-smelling secretions intended to send chemical signals about that cat’s identity to other animals. These signals include information like the sex of the cat, what the cat is eating, and even some clues about a cat’s emotional state.

I have found from maintaining my cats cleaning their teeth regularly and wash them three times a year brush and groom all of them they generally look after each other there is the odd spat they play together and sound like a heard of elephants, they groom each other and lick each other’s butts therefore it is important to keep them free of worms and fleas and make sure they all have a good diet.

Buy cat products online in UK

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Why do Cats Nosebleed?

This is scientifically known as epistaxis which is defined as acute haemorrhage bleeding from the nostril, nasal cavity or nasopharynx upper part of the throat that lies behind the nose, just above soft part of the roof of the mouth and just behind the nasal passages which is nosebleed, even though this may seem frightening majority of causes will be minor problems, although potentially it could be serious.

Outdoor cats will from time to time have scrapes from fighting with other cats’ small cuts can be common, which is easy enough to address clean with tea tree and the nose will heal quickly or simple solution like Hibiscrub. Do not use hydrogen peroxide or alcohol. Often enough small cuts will not bother your cat although minor cuts can pass on disease or infection.

This includes Feline Aids and Feline Leukemia you should always consider castration for cats’ feral cats are at more danger.

Sneezing a lot can be a cause of Epistaxis this could be a foreign object in their nose or could be a rupture of a blood vessel or internal injuries caused by the object which would possibly result in droplets of blood on the ground or walls where they have tried to expel an object.

If you see mucus then this is possible that a bacterial or fungal infection has caused the nosebleed which could result in sneezing or irritation develop over time if it occurs, warm salty water will help with clearing this up soak a cotton wall ball in the water and apply to nose area.

Other reasons could be if a cat has suffered a trauma hit by a car or falling from great height or fatal internal injuries or poisoning from toxins, oral or anal bleeding.

Dic this condition is disseminated intravascular coagulation and can occur in several cases of different medical problems such as heart stroke or viral infection which causes blood clots to and from around the body and block bold vessels or Tumours.

A vet will more than likely prescribe antibiotics for the infection, surgical cauterization may be used if the condition is chronic. Sedatives, tranquilizers.

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Why do Cats Purr?

Cats purr for several reasons it is said a cat purrs when they are happy, this is true although not the only reason, cats when they are on their own generally do not purr.

If a cat is happy and content they will purr, the purring from research comes as low down as their diaphragm and vibrates through the body and with the both the inhale and exhale for a constant sound it appears that the internal laryngeal muscles which control the opening and closing of the space between the vocal cords is what creates the purring sound,  with studies this has shown that this laryngeal muscle movement is controlled uniquely neural oscillator in the cats brain, when a cat is dying or sick they purr to heal themselves.

The mother cats purr is a vibration beacon that tells her blind and deaf new born kittens her location after only two days the kitten will purr back, mother cats will also purr when giving birth.

The cougar purr is the same as a cat’s purr according to research lions and tigers roar and do not purr although the traits of a normal cat and instinct is the same.

Theory has it, that cats purr has a consistent patter frequency between 25 and 150 hertz, this sound frequencies in this range can improve bone density and promote healing even for humans.

The vibration of a purr goes through the whole body and whiskers in fact cats will be healthier than dogs because of this vibration cats act to vibration like pianos and musical instruments which can calm a cat.

Large cats have a kind of silent low frequency purr that is beyond the range of hearing which happens simultaneously with their roar briefly paralyze prey.

Cats have a special relationship with their human and learn to dramatically exaggerate what prompts a favourable response in their person and small kittens.

From stroking a cat an ill person can have beneficial results from calming and caring and in some instances can be attributing factor to healing and bringing good health

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 Why do Mother Cats Kill or Eat their Kittens?

Cats want to make sure their kittens have a good chance of surviving, when a mother cat gets stress or is weak and feels she cannot look after her youngsters she will endeavour to look after the strongest ones in the group.

If she feels she cannot cope with the litter or does not have enough milk to feed them then she will kill the ones she feels are the weakest, she is not eating the kitten for nourishment unless of course she is very undernourished herself, she is doing this so decay does not set in and to give the remaining kittens a good change of survival.

If another cat licks the kitten, then the smell of the other cat on the kitten will also mean the mother cat may kill the kitten because the smell of herself and the litter has gone.

Like most animals, cats are very protective and will find places so their kittens are safe from male cats and harm, if they live in a house where the humans do not care and just kill the litter and leave her to produce she will hide the kittens so they cannot be found, a cat will trust usually one main member of the family and seek safety and comfort.

The mother cat is usually pregnant for around 67 days they have be known to have 5-6 in a litter and can produce a litter every three months, kittens can produce when they are three and half months old this means from one cat she can produce approximately 250 kittens in a year.  A cat should be neutered at 4-6 months of age.

Also, if a cat has too many kittens they are at risk of AIDS and other serious diseases caused from mating, the reason there are different coloured kittens is because their will be several fathers involved.

When a male and female cat are ready to mate they will make loud caterwauling, it is an unusual meow and can sound like they are in pain or distressed; when a female accepts a male she will flatten her ears against her head, she will then display certain behaviour like rubbing her head along the floor, calling back to the male, rubbing up against him and rolling around on her back; at this stage the male will grab the female on the back of the neck and mount her.

Mating can be very quick and sometimes the female cat will attack the male afterwards; the first mating induces ovulation in the female cat and so subsequent mating's will happen to ensure that she has been fertilised.

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Why feed your Cat Raw Meat?

I have noticed a real difference in my cats since I have included raw meat in their diet, cats are predators they evolved eating a prey-based diet, when you cook the meat a lot of the nutrients cat need are lost, including vitamins, minerals and amino acids.

When meat is cooked the bones become brittle and is dangerous to cats providing cats with a diet that is modelled on what they would eat in the wild has many benefits like improved digestion, greatly reduced stool odour and volume, healthy coat, less shedding, fewer hairballs, increased energy, weight loss if overweight, better dental health, better urinary health.

Cats digestive systems are adapted specifically for a meat-based diet, a cat’s digestive tract is short and acidic and processes a species appropriate raw diet highly efficient in about 12 hours. This gives very little time for bacteria to proliferate, so cats are naturally resistant to food poisoning. Raw meat is more digestible than a diet of plant-based foods since they evolved from eating a diet with almost no carbohydrates.

When cats are fed properly, they use most of their food, so there is much less stool volume, the stool produced can be cut in half, they also eliminate less often, sometimes once a day or even less. Their stool is often dry, a little crumbly and hardly any smell.  In the wild, this makes sense for a predator that is small enough to also be concerned about being prey themselves since there is no smelly presence.

If a cat is feed carbohydrates, their systems will struggle to digest the excess carbohydrates since much of what they eat is not being efficiently processed by their systems, therefore you get smelly puddles in the litter box.

The condition of their coat improves goes softer and silkier, cats require unsaturated fatty acids, omega-6 and omega-3 in their diets, these need to be from animal sources therefore reducing hairballs.

Cats need protein, so you will find they will more than likely have more energy and play more often, cats essentially burn protein, turning it into energy in their liver in a process called gluconeogenesis.

If a cat is overweight, they will mostly likely to start to lose weight on a raw diet cats will naturally overeat when they do not get the nutritional deficiencies in their food, with increased energy they are also likely to burn off more calories.

Cats that eat in the wild do not usually get gum disease or tooth loss due to periodontal disease since they chew on raw bones, meat, connective tissue, skin and fur helps keep the teeth clean.

With carbohydrates it creates a starchy film that promotes plague build up and encourages gum disease and tartar with these problems it will lead to other parts of the body.

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Why Groom Your Cat?

No matter what type of cat you have grooming is essential for the well being and connecting with your cat. If your cat has long fur this is more important to brush your cat daily knotted fur can pull and hold parasites and be very uncomfortable creating complications.   

By brushing your cat, the distributes the natural oil which helps maintain skin and coat health addresses tangles helps you check for parasites such as fleas and ticks which allows you to check for skin abnormalities or ear problems and helps prevents fur balls.

Some of the problems that occur with neglect; Tangled and matted fur this can affect the temperament of the cat and the way the cat walks.  Matted around sensitive areas can result in tearing of the skin causing irritation and wounds.

Fleas can hide in the mats and make it difficult to find, at the rear of the cat can become encrusted with feces and / or dried urine which can result in a cat chew or tear at a mat causing pain and ripping the skin.

Grooming does not take long and can be enjoyable for cat and owner depending on the type of cat to how many times to groom.

Use brushes and combes suitable for cats, also shampooing a cat helps with soothing the skin and gets rid of loose fur and parasites leaving the cat relieved and clean.

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Why is it Important for Pets to have their Own Bed?

Cats, just like us, require comfort and a good sound sleep.  For cats to have good health, especially if they are ageing, they need to have somewhere they can call their own.

Cats will snooze anywhere although when it comes to having a good night’s sleep they need to know they are welcome and have a place of their own, also to have a fleece over the bed helps with keeping the bed clean and free from fleas etc.

What are the reasons? Cats like to be elevated giving them security and comfort as this helps them feel secure, and from time to time they like to have their own space and comfort to be able to play and keep healthy especially in those colder months as, like us humans, they can get arthritis and suffer from the cold.

Supplying a bed for your pet gives them the warmth they need so avoiding unnecessary muscle and bone problems (which could also mean avoiding vet expensive bills).

As cats get older their bodies tend to lose muscle tone, circulation or after an injury or illness they need support for recovery. If they are overweight this means more stress on their joints which can lead to arthritis. A bed can also help increase circulation which will reduce stiffness and pain and encourage healing. This provides a much better quality of life that all cats deserve. Also, a fleece blanket or bed is easy to clean, generally suitable for machine washing and, in most cases, dries quickly. Always read the instructions.

Today with so many types of beds and designs we are spoilt for choice and affordability.

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Why is my Cat Falling Over? What can I Do?

Cats can lose balance from ear infections or something going wrong with the inner ear known as vestibular apparatus which is of the inner ear involved in balance which consists of two structures of the bony labyrinth of the inner ear the vestibule and the semi-circular canals, and the structures of the membranous labyrinth contained within them in most mammals, the vestibular system is the sensory system that provides the leading contribution to the sense of balance and spatial orientation for the purpose of coordinating movement with balance.

Inflammation of the inner ear which is called otitis interna which is most often caused by an infection this is bacterial, fungus otherwise known as yeast can also be implicated to an inner ear infection.

The inner ear provides balance and coordination, in senior cats they can be affected from toxins and drugs also trauma.

Grass seed or ear mites can be the cause of infection which a good pet ear drops can help to resolve bacterial infection in the inner ear. If this is not dealt with can cause damage to ear drums and the inner ear.

A cat that stumbles, walks with stiff legs or shakes it head repeatedly may have a brain disease known as cerebellar hypoplasia it is a neurological condition in which the cerebellum is smaller than usual or not completely developed, known as Wobbly Cat Syndrome  this affects muscle control and movement, normally this happens because of being malnourished or poisoned. With such trauma this can lead to disease such as cancer kittens are particularly vulnerable to ataxia which is damage to the brain.  

Vets will test for blood disease and will normally prescribe antibiotics.

So, what are the Symptoms you will notice? Some cats will vomit, they will be dizzy, problems standing up and falling over they may fall completely and stumble while walking, head tilted to one side as if they are going around in circles general weakness in limbs.

Cats with Vestibular Disease which is sudden non progressive disturbance they will have trouble with balance and eye movements and make strange noises they may seem to have trouble hearing and have loss appetite.

What are good remedies? First, check for mites and infections and treat, suggested herbal treatments Astragalus Root can boost the immune system to fight infections it has antibacterial anti-viral and anti-inflammatory properties.

Ginsena which is also known for cognitive disorder has an anti-aging effect, used for diabetes and cancer.

Licorice root is used to soothe gastrointestinal problems. In cases of food poisoning, stomach ulcers, and heartburn, licorice root extract can speed the repair of stomach lining and restore balance. This is due to the anti-inflammatory and immune-boosting properties of glycyrrhizic acid.

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Why is my cat suddenly smelling bad?

Cats are independent and usually very clean animals, I have several cats and because they were dumped and left to die, they are getting on.

Illness can be a major cause like kidney and liver problems or ulcers in the mouth or even battle scars such as small wounds, fleas and parasites can all be a reason for bad health, this affects the condition of their coat and their wellbeing.

Check if the cat has lost weight, stopped eating become reserved and has not the energy they used too, these are some of the signs of being unwell, since it is difficult to tell if a cat is not well, also check for any sores or injuries.

Just like us cats do need some maintenance like brushing, cleaning their teeth regularly.

l cleans all my cats’ teeth every couple of weeks and washing a cat can also help.

Bad tooth decay can cause problems like poisoning the blood stream, ulcers and tender gums so this is just as important to maintain.

Flea bites are the most common this can cause scabbing, sores and loss of fur which needs to be dealt with so regular flea and worm treatment is advised.

Herbal treatments can help with neutralising the smells and help keep the body in order, when cats get older, they need a little more help it is common for older cats to have issues like arthritis and pancreas problems this can affect the kidneys and other organs.

Once these issues are dealt with your cat odour will improve and be back to normal it is finding the cause that is important.

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Why is play important to cats?

 Cats enjoy being stimulated and this helps both mentally and physically this is a serious part of learning survival skills like stalking chasing and trapping prey. The instinct is very strong, and it is important for them to express their natural behaviour.

Provides exercise and maintains healthy weight with interactive play this helps with behaviour problems that can arise from boredom which bonds you and your pet and relief from stress.

It also helps with other cats interacting and builds the connections cats are very intelligent and when they are unsettled, they become constructive like scratching at walls to get their owners attention.

This is also the reason to have scratch posts with toys this helps with sharpening claws and grooming instead of the loved furnishings.

Cats are very much like us they like interaction and attention therefore certain cat accessories are important for them since they are intelligent and will get up to as much mischief as possible.

 

This also helps with them being settled in their surroundings meaning they are more likely not to roam too far.

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Why is Wheatgerm right for your Cat? 

This can be an important part for cat’s digestion also acts as a natural laxative, wheat grass helps breakdown hair ball and areas that could be causing constipation and is known as a detoxifier getting rid of any potentially poisonous or inedible matter when eaten.

Because Wheatgerm contains chlorophyll and folic acid which assist in the production of haemoglobin the protein that moves oxygen through the blood this helps with energy levels also contains a wealth of vitamins like Vitamins E and B. Vitamin E contains antioxidants that may prevent heart disease, cancer and increase her immune system also stimulates her nervous system and provides a positive affect mental agility, muscle development, stamina, and healing rate with any wounds.

The part of wheat germ uses is the small nutrient containing centre of a wheat kernel which comprises only about 2.5% for the weight of the kernel this consists of the outside shell.

Wheatgerm is a major source of energy, since it contains fibre, protein and complex carbohydrates Vitamin E and Vitamin B, Niacin, Thiamine and B6 and in terms of minerals wheatgerm provides high levels of potassium and iron as well as very good levels of potassium zinc, calcium, potassium, phosphorous and selenium. It also has Omega 3 fatty acids which improves health with use of this product can help reduce heart diseases and is known for its anti-ageing properties, helps with muscle health repairing damaged tissues.

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Worming your cat?

 How do cats get worms? If your cat goes outdoors, it will get worms from eggs and fleas, worm eggs and larvae are so common in the environment your cat is constantly vulnerable to re-infestation from faeces. Another form of tapeworm is transmitted when cats eat rodents, raw meat, freshwater fish, or animal carcasses from hunting or have a high flea burden.

Cats pick up microscopic roundworm eggs and larvae on their paws and muzzle when outside from contaminated soil and faeces of other infected cats. The parasite is then ingested when the cat grooms itself. Even with indoor cat’s flea prevention is important since the flea is also an intermediate host to tapeworm so preventative measures are just important. This is recommended every three months for adult cats; kittens should be done when they are over 8 weeks old. Always use proven well known solutions as some chemicals can be harmful to cats.

It is essential that regularly cats are dewormed even if the obvious signs are not apparent, some of the signs will be weight loss, diarrhoea, vomiting, dull coat, and lack of energy.

A good strong wormer which some can be applied directly onto the cat’s skin at the back of the neck to prevent licking the solution is absorbed through the cat’s skin and enters the bloodstream, then travels to the intestine where the product acts on roundworm and tapeworm, the worms living in the gut are paralysed, killed, and passed out in the faeces.

Cuteness site recommends the following:

Gary Le Mon, certified by the American Naturopathic Medical Certification Board, as a master herbalist, in his article, "Nontoxic Worm Remedies for Dogs and Cats." suggests giving your cat the natural herbal parasitic cleansers, cloves and neem. Le Mon recommends reading ‘’Whole Health for Happy Cats’’ by Sandy Arora, who suggests giving the cat ground up pumpkin seeds, pureed carrots, and the digestive enzymes bromelain and papain.

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What Causes Cat Acne How to Resolve?

So, what does cause Cat Acne?  Plastic bowls can hold bacteria, poor grooming, poor immune system, stress, food allergies, hormone imbalances, Hyperactive sebaceous glands.

Cat acne starts when hair follicles are blocked due to an excessive production of keratin, a protein found in the skin this mainly forms on the chin area. It manifests itself as small bumps accompanied by blackheads or whiteheads like humans.  Looks like pimples, hair loss, redness and even bleeding.

So how do you resolve this problem.

Replace plastic bowls, consider stainless or ceramic bowl for cats’ food and water, Medicated shampoos, applying antimicrobial gel ointment a few times a day can also clear acne.

In severe cases antibiotics can help.

Treatment to resolve the issue, clean the area with Hibiscrub, build the cat up with Omega 3, or wheat germ oil capsules do not overdo it, cucumber pulp, green or black tea, aloe, organic apple cider vinegar, witch hazel or coconut oil for mild cases can do the trick.

Prevention better than Cure

Best way to keep a cat fit is to keep all bowls clean, wash and brush cat, clean teeth regularly shampoo cat a few times a year it gets rid of any loose fur and bits in the fur.

From time to time even when a cat has a good diet with wet and dry food, they sometimes need extra herbal treatments this to keep them fit and healthy especially in old age since their immune system can start to break down.